Tag: "genetics" at biology news
UT Southwestern receives $1.78 million grant for obesity research as part of NIH Roadmap initiative
...uman Nutrition, is lead investigator for the human genetics
and energy metabolism group. "This grant will stimulate us to think outside of the field in which we're used to thinking and to interact with people looking at body-weight regulation from different perspectives," said Dr. Parker. "It will cause us to...
Cigarette smoke causes breaks in DNA and defects to a cell's chromosomes, Pitt study finds
...; and Susanne M. Gollin, Ph.D., professor of human genetics
at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health and co-investigator at the Oral Cancer Center of Discovery at the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute....
Trial shows which brain cancer patients benefit from temozolomide
...the drug could be carried out fairly easily in any genetics
laboratory and takes only two to three days, altho...Hegi, head of the laboratory of tumour biology and genetics
at the Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital of Lausanne, Switzerland, said that of a tota...
Genetic differences might help distinguish thyroid cancers
...cer Research and director of OSU's clinical cancer genetics
program. Thyroid cancer represents one percent of all cancers in the United States and is the most common cancer of the endocrine hormone system. Over the last few years, thyroid cancer has risen at an alarming rate, Eng says. An estimated 23,600 ...
Pollutant causes delayed flowering in plants
...sed model plant in plant biology research, and its genetics
and biology have been thoroughly studied. "This finding that externally applied nitric oxide delayed flowering was a big surprise," Pei said. "It had been known that internal nitric oxide regulated growth in plants. And, it was known that stimuli, su...
'Smart antibiotics' may result from UCLA research
...nd chair of microbiology, immunology and molecular genetics
at UCLA, who holds UCLA's M. Philip Davis Chair in...ratory, was looking for bacterial viruses to study genetics
when he found a remarkable property in a particular virus. Miller's team decided to study the pheno...
A novel, safer strategy for regulating gene expression
...oolbox," says Mulligan, who is also a professor of genetics
at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Laising Yen and other members of Mulligan's laboratory began by evaluating hundreds of known ribozymes, and found two that function well in human cells. One ribozyme was especially prone to cutting itself in two, and t...
NSF awards 22 new projects for plant genome research
...nner workings of plants' genes as well as the role genetics
plays in plant development, metal tolerance, susceptibility to diseases and other economically important characteristics. NSF's PGRP is part of the National Plant Genome Initiative established in 1998 as a coordinated national plant genome research p...
Chemical genetics identifies SARS inhibitors
...-molecule anti-viral inhibitors validates chemical genetics
as a rapid and effective approach with which to tackle emerging and existing diseases. Crucially, this study has provided a reservoir of novel biologically active small molecules that could be developed as anti-SARS therapeutics....
Washington University in St. Louis leads group studying aging process
...stems and computer science bioinformatics -- with genetics
and molecular biology genomics. The FIBR program is removing the limits biologists have found increasingly frustrating in recent years when seeking funding and finding they can't continue research because they've hit a technological barrier they ca...
A liking for sweets, combined with novelty seeking, may predict alcoholism
...ow us to better understand the pathophysiology and genetics
of alcoholism. Kampov concurs. If confirmed by further research, these findings may lead to the development of a simple test that will allow clinicians to assess the risk of developing alcoholism of any given individual early in his or her lifetim...
Joslin President awarded medal from international diabetes organization
...such as type 2 diabetes and obesity; the impact of genetics
and environment on these signaling functions; and how knowledge gleaned from these studies can be translated into new treatment methods for people with diabetes. In recent studies, Dr. Kahn and his colleagues have conducted a series of studies usi...
New genetic hypothesis for the cause of autism
...interscience.wiley.com/journal/ajmg . The role of genetics
in autism is believed to be significant because twin studies have found that identical twins, who have the same DNA, are much more likely to share the diagnosis than fraternal twins. However, experts have not yet identified the specific genetic compo...
Maine-based biophysics institute gets funding for first US-based 4Pi nanoscale microscope
...ter Research Institute (MMCRI) in Scarborough, and genetics
and genomics at The Jackson Laboratory in Bar Harb... elements of energy and matter. Now researchers in genetics
and biology have an advanced tool to examine the very structure of the mouse, human and other genome...
Fossils reveal direct link between global warming and genetic diversity in wildlife
...as bacteria or fruit flies." Climate change and genetics
For the experiment, the research team compared DNA from voles and pocket gophers living near Lamar Cave with ancient DNA from fossilized rodents that inhabited the area at different times since 1000 B.C. The researchers were particularly interested...
Genetic map of important tree genes outlined
...ucture and function, and being able to compare its genetics
to those of a tree will greatly speed genetic rese...ve that a more comprehensive understanding of tree genetics
should allow controlled gene transfer, both as a research and biotechnology tool. It could take the ...
Analysis of gene expression in lymphoid cells can determine lymphoma cancer
...o, an internationally recognized researcher in the genetics
of cancer and gene therapy. "The change of levels of CDK9 and CYCLIN T1 in lymphoid cells shows a correlation with activity of the cancer. The higher the expression of the gene and the attached molecule in the blood sample, the more likely for lymph...
NHGRI launches Centers for Excellence in Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications Research
...ions and inform future policy decisions related to genetics
and genomics." "Providing funding assistance, in concert with the NHGRI, to two of these centers (Duke and Stanford) reflects the importance that we continue to place on ethical, legal and social implication activities, especially issues of commerci...
Strep disrupts blood clotting to infect humans
...urg, who has spent much of his career studying the genetics
of blood clotting and clotting disorders such as hemophilia, the findings highlight an evolutionary arms race between bacteria and humans. "Clearly, if we could mutate our plasminogen so it still worked, yet was resistant to a bacterial streptokinase...
Genetic clues found for common congenital brain disorder
...thleen Millen, Ph.D., assistant professor of human genetics
at the University of Chicago. "Until now, we have ...characteristic deletions had severe symptoms. "The genetics
of Dandy-Walker are very complicated," said Dr. Millen. "We still don't know all we want to know a...
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