Tag: "infants" at biology news

Researchers identify protein promoting vascular tumor growth

...vessel tumors that can cause facial deformities in infants and young children, paving the way for an antibody-based treatment to remove cells that fuel the tumors' growth. Blood vessel tumors require macrophages, a type of white blood cells, to develop. In studying these cells' role in tumor development, Ohi...

Newly identified master gene key in baby's first breath

...t works could lead to new treatments for premature infants and for children and adults who suffer from lung d... According to the March of Dimes, one in eight infants in the U.S. are born prematurely. Furthermore, approximately 24 percent of all infants born prematur...

Growth hormone and IBD: Reduction of intestinal inflammation, promotion of growth

...erica. CCFA said IBD has been has been detected in infants as young as 18 months and can be particularly hard to diagnosis in children. Initial symptoms may be nonspecific weight loss or delayed growth. The average delay in diagnosis is three years from the onset of symptoms in children. About 60%-90% of ch...

Newborns have ear preferences, too

...however. These pathways become apparent only after infants are at least four month old. So two scientists wh...e startled when they realized their data show that infants do have stimulus-related ear differences from birth. "We don't think that these differences are ana...

Screen siblings, parents of infants with severe heart abnormalities

... 2004) Brothers and sisters as well as parents of infants born with severe, life-threatening abnormalities o... rate among brothers, sisters and parents of these infants is five times greater, said Belmont. "This is an impressive statistic, as a significan...

Essential smell gene may provide key to new insect repellents

...f the skin has to be covered. It can't be used for infants or toddlers because of its toxicity. So it's not very useful against disease-vector insects." "Now there's hope that, in Africa, in regions where malaria is endemic, bed nets could be impregnated with a repellent that works by blunting or eliminating...

OneWorld Health compiles comprehensive state of infectious diarrhea treatments, potential solutions

... of new treatments for the world's most vulnerable infants and children," Dr. Hale said. What is being done about this today? Currently marketed antidiarrheal drugs are not safe for use in young children, and there are no approved drugs for children with diarrhea. Most therapies today target the adult trav...

First clinical study of new pediatric croup vaccine shows safety, tolerability in adults

...currently available and a vaccine that is given to infants using nose drops would eliminate the discomfort and complications of injections. Because the vaccine contains a live virus, it should stimulate both antibody and cellular immune responses, which together may provide durable protection from hPIV-1. I...

Other highlights in the August 18 JNCI

...most common extracranial solid cancer diagnosed in infants and children, but there are few predictors for the disease's prognosis. In a new study of neuroblastoma cell lines and tumor samples, Manel Esteller, M.D., Ph.D., of the Spanish National Cancer Centre in Madrid, and colleagues found that by looking a...

Stanford researcher's findings may shed light on common, deadly birth defect

...he disorder affects only about one in every 10,000 infants in this country, it's believed that the initial rates are much higher, occurring about once in every 250 conceptions. Most fetuses are so severely affected that they are miscarried early in pregnancy. Symptoms range from death within days to severe m...

Infant rats eagerly accept high concentrations of alcohol upon first exposure

...or the skin. Alcohol is also given medicinally to infants in some cultures, placed in the fussy infant's bot... that alcoholic beverages should be kept away from infants and children, since they might find alcohol extremely attractive," said Varlinskaya. "Developing br...

Infants sighs may 'reset' breathing regulation mechanism as well as help lungs develop

.... They studied 25 healthy one-month-old infants during quiet sleep, while they were either lying i...le negative feedback loop system exists in healthy infants and that sighs represent a mechanism for improving the memory associated with neuro-respiratory cont...

Excess thyroid hormone harmful to fetus

...scarriage and reducing the average birth weight of infants who survive. The problems caused by a lack of suff...31) shared this mutation and only one-third of the infants born to affected mothers did not. This suggests that the high rate of miscarriage primarily involve...

Babies with DiGeorge syndrome saved by immune supression, thymus transplant

...ssion and thymus transplantation technique to save infants born with complete DiGeorge Syndrome, a fatal gene...ure for the immune defect. Without this treatment, infants with complete DiGeorge syndrome are unable to fight off infections and will die. Until recently, som...

Other highlights in the August 4 JNCI

...ed-stage neuroblastoma, a cancer of nerve cells in infants and children, and there is a need to develop better treatments. Mirco Ponzoni, Ph.D., of G. Gaslini Children's Hospital in Genoa, Italy, and colleagues show that by encapsulating an antisense oligonucleotide targeting an oncogene and activating the i...

Genetic discovery could dramatically reduce need for liver transplants in children

...ease," Dr. Bezerra said. Biliary atresia occurs in infants and usually becomes evident two to eight weeks aft...l cost, including transplant care, of treating all infants with biliary atresia is estimated to be $65 million. In a previous study published in The Lancet, Dr...

What are babies thinking before they start talking?

...ore they speak." Previous research has found that infants are sensitive to the acoustic variations that sign.... Hespos and Spelke tested whether five-month-old infants from native English-speaking homes noticed whether objects fit tightly or loosely. The tests were ba...

Why some neonates need caffeine

...than a month old. Caffeine treatment for premature infants is supposed to increase breathing frequency, decre...nophylline (10 mg/kg). This study was performed in infants who did not suffer from ventilatory problems, and so each infant served as his or her own control, i...

Researchers identify gene for a primary form of sudden infant death sydrome (SIDS)

...into the inexplicable, sudden deaths of some 3,000 infants a year in the US. SIDS has long been a catchall term for infants that die unexpectedly of unknown causes before their first birthday. By discovering a gene linked to...

'Crack babies' do better when placed with non-family caregivers

... suggests that "kin" caregivers of cocaine-exposed infants and toddlers may also need support and help with parenting....

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