Tag: "landmark" at biology news

Two Long-sought Diabetes Gene Found

...me 20, but did not pinpoint the precise gene. This landmark paper was the first time genetic techniques had been used to determine the chromosomal location of a gene that could cause diabetes. It allowed the researchers to successfully predict which children from the family would eventually develop diabetes. ...

Overweight Cats Risk Disease And Premature Death, Cornell Study Finds

...ith veterinary nutritionist Susan Donoghue, in the landmark 1989 study of 2,000 cats at 31 veterinary clinics in the Northeast, as well as the principal investigator of the tracking study. The Waltham Centre for Pet Nutrition in the United Kingdom funded the first study, which found that about 25 percent of...

Evolution Re-Sculpted Animal Limbs By Genetic Switches Once Thought Too Drastic For Survival

...wimming or walkinglegs once were. The finding is a landmark in the new field of evolutionary developmentalbiology, or "evo-devo," as its proponents call it, in which scientists study thepatterns of gene expression in embryos to peer backward in time. In the past fewyears, researchers have made remarkable prog...

First Evidence That Localized Arthritis Gene Therapy Heals Distant Diseased Joints

...joints affected with the disease. Results of this landmark study, conducted in a rabbit model of rheumatoid arthritis, appear in the April 15 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. It is a major advance in the quest to bring arthritis gene therapy into widespread clinical use. ...

Mechanism Discovered For Determining Early Vertebrate Body Plan: New Zebrafish Mutants Afford Deeper Look Into Embryonic Patterning

It's been over a year and a half since the landmark issue of the journalDevelopment described nearly 2,000 new mutants of zebrafish (Danio rerio), thenewest animal model of vertebrate development in a menagerie of such species.Now, developmental biologists all over the world are earnestly studying the...

Dismantling Dangerous Genetic Codes With A Faster, More Flexible RNA Mimic

... message. The technique goes hand-in-handwith the landmark discovery of ribozymes in the 1980s by University of Coloradoresearcher Thomas Cech, Ph.D., and Yale researcher Sidney Altman, Ph.D. Cechand Altman shared a Nobel Prize in 1989 for their revolutionary discovery thatRNA can function as a catalyst. I...

USGS Scientists Learn Lessons From Captive Released Manatees

...central Florida. "The birth of Georgia's calf is a landmark event in the captive manatee releaseprogram," said Lynn Lefebvre, the leader of the USGS manatee research program,adding that reproduction in the wild is one of the best indicators of successfulreintroduction. "Other captive-reared, female manatees h...

Cutting The Time And Cost Of Developing New Cures: Lord Sainsbury Launches World's First Biomedical Accelerator Mass Spectrometer In York

...fer." Lord Sainsbury said: "This initiative is a landmark for UK science and reinforces York's position as an important centre for scientific expertise, with a reputation for excellence, initiative and endeavour that is admired internationally." The AMS is located at the Central Science Laboratory at Sand H...

Leibniz Prize Winners 1999 - Most Highly Endowed German Promotional Prize For Ten Scientists

...m of National Socialism. This work is considered a landmark study of theproblem of continuity before and after 1945 as well as of the efforts ofsuppression made by political and social elites in the early years of theFederal Republic. In Ulrich Herbert the nominating committee honours a younghistorian who has...

Americans Urged To Consume More Folic Acid

...breakfast cereal such as Total, which was usedin a landmark study cited in the AHA's Science Advisory." Total breakfast cereal contains 100 percent of the Daily Value of folic acid,vitamins B6 and B12 and was used in research to lower blood levels ofhomocysteine. A 1/2 cup of Total cereal was eaten daily by p...

No More Running Blind In A Maze-The Laboratory Rat Genetic And Radiation Hybrid Map Is Here

...ratedgenetic linkage and radiation hybrid map is a landmark in the field ofgenomic science. The rat map was a collaborative effort of several groupsincluding researchers at the Medical College of Wisconsin, led by HowardJacob, and The Whitehead Institute, led by Eric Lander. The genetic linkage map presented...

Nematode makes scientific history

...,free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. This landmark biologicalaccomplishment is described on the American Phytopathological Society's featurehome page this month at www.scisoc.org, which highlights the implications forplant nematology in sequencing C. elegans and contains links to related sites. "For ...

A picture and 2,000 words in Science magazine: two Kansas scientists work at forefront of emerging technology

...ientists at 53 institutions in eightcountries. The landmark publication covered nearly all biological applicationsfor the technology so far. They have written a book chapter for "Infrared andRaman Spectroscopy of Biological Materials," now in press. "The way we get better at analyzing and imaging molecular ch...

Landmark progress in understanding ribosome structure-- research done at Brookhaven Lab's light source

...26 issue of the scientific journal Nature describe landmark progress in understanding the structure of the ribosome. Theribosome is a complex particle that makes the thousands of proteins that arerequired for the structure and function of each living cell. Both Naturereports are based on data generated by a...

UD News: Gene-repair pioneer, Eric Kmiec, brings his lab to the University of Delaware

...e for hisLaboratory of Gene Therapy. Author of the landmark "350 patent" covering a specially engineered moleculethat fixes "snips" (single nucleotide polymorphisms) in nature's blueprintingmaterial, Kmiec will focus on sickle-cell anemia, Huntington's Disease andfood-crop advances. He also will develop a gen...

Sea level rise behind coastal tree deaths

...lms, they thought the cause was adisease. But in a landmark study recently published in the journal Ecology, a team of UFand U.S. Geological Survey researchers concluded the cabbage palms and manyother coastal trees are falling victim to saltwater exposure tied to global sealevel rise. The phenomenon may be a...

Plankton are not affected by ozone depletion

...e University of California, Santa Barbara, who did landmark research on the effect of increased UV-B on phytoplankton, says that marine plankton have adapted to cope with the hole. "It's obvious that [the impact] isn't going to be catastrophic," he says. "We've had the ozone hole for a decade and a half and t...

President Clinton awards nation's highest honor for science and technology

...akthrough discoveries in evolutionary biology; for landmark research in applying Darwinian theory to the diver...c and Atmospheric Administration, Boulder, CO, for landmark research that helped explain the cause of the Antarctic ozone "hole" and change the direction of ozo...

Northwestern researchers clone gene responsible for inner ear motor

...he developing nanotechnology field. "This is a landmark study," said Mario Ruggero, Hugh Knowles Professor of Hearing Sciences and head of the audiology and hearing sciences program, department of communication sciences and disorders, at Northwestern. "It identifies the molecular basis for the motile proc...

Molecular structure suggests how a gene can "jump"

...son, Wis., July 6 00 -- Nearly fifty years after a landmark paper proposed the existence of what later came to be called jumping genes, scientists are getting their first clear snapshot of one caught in midair. In the July 7 issue of the journal Science, a University of Wisconsin-Madison team describes the 3-...

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