Tag: "million" at biology news

Climate change plus human pressure caused large mammal extinctions in late Pleistocene

...rica. The Pleistocene, a period starting about 1.8 million years ago, was a time of glacial comings and going...the last few glacial/interglacial cycles between 1 million and 600,000 years ago, the number of small, medium and large mammals in a given community remained f...

New study shows hope for treating inhalant abuse

...halant users increased from 627,000 in 1994 to 1.2 million in 2000. The chronic use of inhalants has been associated with heart, liver, kidney, and brain damage -- and can even result in sudden death. The Brookhaven Lab study demonstrates that animals previously trained to expect toluene in a given locati...

NIH awards $18.2m to The Burnham Institute to develop Center on Proteolytic Pathways

...Burnham's Jeffrey Smith, Ph.D., will receive $18.2 million over the next five years to develop this unique research hub. The Center will consolidate all known and emerging knowledge about how proteins behave into "The Protease Pathway Interrogation Platform ('PIPP')".The platform, PIPP, will be the product ...

UT Southwestern receives $1.78 million grant for obesity research as part of NIH Roadmap initiative

...esity and associated metabolic diseases. The $1.78 million grant, part of the NIH Roadmap for Medical Research, creates an Interdisciplinary Research Center and could develop into a permanent Metabolic and Obesity Center at UT Southwestern. "This grant provides a formal mechanism for investigators from diffe...

Scientists to prototype cyberinfrastructure for research and education access to ocean observatories

...tional Science Foundation (NSF) today awarded $3.9 million over four years to the University of Washington (U...Research (ITR) program this year, which total $130 million to be disbursed over the next five years. Participating institutions will collaborate on experimenta...

Schepens Eye Research Institute receives 'Roadmap' grant to develop center for curing eye diseases

...elated macular degeneration affects more than 1.75 million individuals in the United States. This number is expected to increase to almost 3 million by 2020.Each year 1.3 million Americans over age 20 are diagnosed with diabetic retinopathy. The fin...

AAAS US Presidential Candidates' Forum

...eated after August 2001. "Right now, more than 100 million Americans suffer from illnesses that one day could be wiped away with stem-cell therapy, including cancer, Parkinson's, diabetes, and other debilitating diseases." President Bush is in favor of maintaining current legislation. "We should not use taxp...

DNA lends scientists a hand, revealing new chemical reactions

...nd within cells at concentrations that are often a million times lower than the concentrations of molecules in laboratory reactors. In nature, the reactions between these highly dilute molecules are directed by enzymes that selectively bring certain biological reactants together. Liu and his colleagues use D...

Pack-MULEs are toting a new look at plant evolution

...me sequences are long it takes 430 MB (that's 430 million base pairs) to hold the genome sequence for rice so most of the time scientists examine them in chunks. Since the examination of genomes is a fairly new study (rice, for example, was sequenced in 2002) much attention is given to identifying differen...

Safety of isoflavones in dietary supplements targeted by Illinois initiative

... numerous studies. The project is funded by an $8 million grant from the National Institutes of Health. Leading the effort is William G. Helferich, a professor of food science and human nutrition, whose research has shown that high levels of the isoflavone genistein promote the growth of cancerous cells in ...

4 October press briefing to focus on minority recruitment to science and engineering programs

...ted societies and academies of science, serving 10 million individuals. Science has the largest paid circulation of any peer-reviewed general science journal in the world, with an estimated total readership of one million. The non-profit AAAS ( www.aaas.org ) is open to all and fulfills its mission to "advan...

High resolution satellite imagery assists hunt for infectious 'kissing bugs'

...heart failure. Chagas disease affects at least 16 million people across Central and South America, of which ...to towns and cities. The majority of the half a million inhabitants of Matagalpa are poor - made poorer still by the devastation of Hurricane Mitch in 1998 ...

Study: Emission of smog ingredients from trees is increasing rapidly

.... Forest Service, which measured and cataloged 2.7 million trees on 250,000 plots of land across the country. They calculated the VOC emissions for each tree and each plot and used their findings to map VOC levels nationally. The scientists compared survey data taken in the 1980s with those taken in the 1990...

UCSF scientist Joe Derisi named MaCarthur Fellow

...e, Plasmodium falciparum, which infects 200 to 300 million people world wide each year, mostly in tropical cl...ch as sub Saharan Africa, and kills 700,000 to 2.7 million people annually, mostly children under the age of four. In August 2003, he and his team ...

HHMI, NIBIB/NIH to invest up to $35 million in interdisciplinary Ph.D. programs

... award up to 10 three-year grants of as much as $1 million each to support the development and early phases o...o educational institutions, totaling as much as $1 million each. The grants will be awarded in November 2005. All U.S. institutions that grant Ph.D. degrees in...

USAID, Conservation International & Starbucks launch Conservation Coffee Alliance in Central America

...-year commitments from USAID and Starbucks at $1.2 million and $1.5 million respectively. "By uniting the strengths of the government, conservation and private sectors, we are ...

Wisconsin scientists develop quick botox test

... The poison is the most toxic substance known, six million times more potent than rattlesnake venom. It works...ose steps," explains Chapman. "We could screen one million drugs at a time, and you can do all the screening using live cells." The potential upshot of such a ...

DNA barcode finds four new bird species

The task of identifying Earth's estimated 10 million species has daunted biologists for centuries - fewer than two million have been named. Using a technique called DNA barcoding, researchers at Rockefeller University and t...

Researchers devise potent new tools to curb ivory poaching

...phant population plummeted by 60 percent from 1.3 million to just 500,000 between 1979 and 1987, largely because of ivory poachers. An international agreement banning ivory trade was enacted in 1989, but still three of the largest ivory seizures have occurred since 2002. In June 2002, authorities in Singa...

Indiana University, EPA to study airborne PCBs

...me answers." The EPA will give Hites and Basu $3.5 million to operate the U.S. portion of the Integrated Atmospheric Deposition Network for five more years. As part of their duties, the scientists will measure atmospheric levels of PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls), PAHs (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons whic...

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