Tag: "newborns" at biology news

March of Dimes statement on newborn screening report

...view of infectious diseases and other disorders in newborns for possible future inclusion in universal newborn screening, using the ACMG report as a model. The March of Dimes will continue to work at both the state and federal levels for comprehensive programs and equity in newborn screening for eve...

Newborns have ear preferences, too

... old. So two scientists who screened thousands of newborns as part of a project to optimize infant hearing te...oject goal was to find the best tool for screening newborns for hearing impairment. Cone-Wesson, who directed the project in Los Angeles County, tested more tha...

New York City study shows newborns more susceptible to pollution than their mothers

...ose of the mother, the levels of DNA damage in the newborns were similar to those found in their mothers. The ...lected blood samples from 265 pairs of mothers and newborns living in New York City. The mothers were non-smoking African American or Latina women in Washington...

Existing drug may prevent brain injury and seizures in newborns

...sting drug already approved by the FDA may protect newborns from brain injury and long-term neurologic problem...nd that the neurons of premature infants and other newborns have more glutamate receptors than the adult brain, making them very vulnerable to excitotoxic brain...

Gene mutation causes progressive changes to cell structure in children with Progeria

...nding a cure." About one in four to eight million newborns have Progeria and, although they are born looking healthy, they begin to display many characteristics of accelerated aging at around 18-24 months of age. Progeria signs include growth failure, loss of body fat and hair, aged-looking skin, stiffness ...

JCI table of contents, 2 April 2004

... Roadblocks in Urine Town Approximately 1% of newborns present with enlargement of the kidney that results from urine collection in the renal pelvis or calcyses. This can lead to obstructive nephropathy, the most common form of renal failure in infants and children. Obstructive nephropathy is often ca...

Study shows benefits to newborns from federal ban on insecticides

...2002. They found that prior to January 2001, newborns with combined insecticide exposures in the highest 26th percentile had birth weights averaging almost 200 grams (almost half a pound) less than infants with no detectable pesticide levels. The researchers also noted a highly significant inverse assoc...

Possible link discovered between gene responsible for blood vessel development and ACD in newborns

... a possible link to a fatal respiratory disease in newborns which has no identified cause or cure. The study a... of eNOS deficient mice share the same features as newborns with a fatal condition known as Alevolar Capillary Dysplasia (ACD)," says Dr. Duncan Stewart, Chief ...

Federal grant supports advances in infant heart disease at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

...ical treatments have greatly improved survival for newborns and children with heart defects, many survivors face challenges in overall health and longer-term outcomes. Moreover, for many heart defects, the underlying cause remains unknown. Drawing on the talents of multidisciplinary teams is an important fea...

Gates Foundation commits $82.9 million to develop new tuberculosis vaccines

...the early 1900s and is administered to millions of newborns around the world. BCG appears to reduce the risk of serious childhood forms of TB. However, the high incidence of TB in developing countries where infant BCG immunization is widely practiced indicates that BCG is not highly efficacious over the man...

New advances in thrombosis help further understanding of disease prevention

...y. The safety endpoints were bleeding episodes in newborns and mothers and thrombocytopenia in mothers, a blood condition leading to increased bleeding and decreased clotting ability. Treatment with enoxaparin significantly increased the rate of live births compared to patients' historical rates of live bir...

Left side of brain activates speech from birth

... can non-invasively study the neuronal response of newborns to stimulation of different kinds, without any ionizing radiation or pharmaceutical injenctions." As part of a larger, longitudinal study monitoring the cognitive development of infants with brain injury from birth to age 2, the researchers performed...

All sides are not created equal as babies process speech

...e can noninvasively study the neuronal response of newborns to stimulation of different kinds, without any ionizing radiation or pharmaceutical injections." As part of a larger, longitudinal study monitoring the cognitive development of infants with brain injury from birth to age 2, the researchers performed ...

New vaccines may address need to protect newborns in the developing world

...ss of the prototype vaccines in newborns. Although newborns are protected from most common viral infections immediately after birth by antibodies received from their mothers, these antibodies decline in the first weeks and months of life as the fledgling immune system grows in its capacity to generate its own...

Genes that regulate hearing link humans and fruit flies in new way

...she predicted, possibly leading to tests to screen newborns for hearing disorders. "In the longer term, it may be possible to use the knowledge to develop interventions to correct hearing disorders in children as well as hearing degeneration in adults," she said. The current study was an outgrowth of Boekho...

Staph aureus bacteremia in ESRD patients associated with substantial illness and higher costs

...ons are surgical patients, trauma or burn victims, newborns whose immune systems are not yet developed, and patients with chronic illnesses such as diabetes, cancer, or lung or kidney diseases. People whose immune systems are suppressed due to disease, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy are generally more sus...

Straight talk: Adult and embryonic stem cells and the future of research

...s are known as "adult" stem cells even if found in newborns or children. Darwin Prockop, from the Gene Therapy... the stem cells is destroying a "life." Cells from newborns or more grown-up humans don't pose the same dilemma, prompting a repeated question, says Civin. "P...

JCI table of contents, 16 June 2003

...or outside the liver, of which an early symptom in newborns is jaundice, is known as biliary atresia. Using a reovirus-induced model of this condition in mice, researchers have revealed it is the ability of the virus to specifically bind sialic acid that leads to jaundice and bile duct inflammation. These obs...

Prematurity, infections most likely causes of brain damage among infants

...than one complication. Moreover, only three of 52 newborns whose umbilical cord gasses were measured had evidence of acidity, a finding that argues against the birthing process as the cause of neurological problems. There were seven deaths among the newborns, in six infants with brain damage and one baby ...

Fiber-boosted formula for piglets shows promise in battle against infant diarrhea

...nfectious state, however. Thus it may be that all newborns could consume the fiber without the worry of negative consequences on their development."...

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