Tag: "obesity" at biology news
Highlights of the October 2004 Journal of the American Dietetic Association
...eing of America's children continue to rise as the obesity
epidemic continues to expand. Many nutrition experts say an increase in soft drink consumption among adolescents coupled with the easy access to soft drinks in school vending machines over the past two decades are contributing factors to excess weigh...
UT Southwestern receives $1.78 million grant for obesity research as part of NIH Roadmap initiative
...tional Institutes of Health to study the causes of obesity
and associated metabolic diseases. The $1.78 milli...understanding the metabolic processes that lead to obesity
and some of the metabolic syndromes commonly associated with obesity, such as cardiovascular disease...
16 APS exercise research highlights, from reduced flu mortality to proteomics & obesity
...sian women, EET should work as a treatment against obesity
and diabetes for both. 33.14 L. Lawrenson, et al. (University of California at San Diego) COPD patients reveal attenuated muscle plasticity following isolated quadriceps training. Findings support the restoration of skeletal muscle power and metab...
Females may be more susceptible to overindulge 'sweet tooth' cravings than males
...DA, Md. September 23, 2004 It is well known that obesity
has reached epidemic proportions. As waistbands e...e benefits of portion control and exercise to keep obesity
at bay. But with some studies indicating that the rate of obesity
is greater in women than in men, ...
Joslin researchers clarify mechanisms for beta-cell formation
...nge. It is a major contributor to type 2 diabetes, obesity
and the metabolic syndrome, which affect nearly one-quarter of the American population. For years, the body compensates for insulin resistance in order to delay the onset of clinical type 2 diabetes: The pancreas secretes more insulin and, in fa...
Joslin President awarded medal from international diabetes organization
...adipocyte (fat cell) biology, an important area of obesity
research. He is also the leader the Diabetes Genome Anatomy Project, a consortium of institutions involved in the use of DNA chips and proteomic techniques to study diabetes. A native of Louisville, Kentucky, Dr. Kahn received his undergraduate and...
Other highlights in the September 1 JNCI
...rns of diet and exercise are needed to reverse the obesity
epidemic and reduce the risk of chronic diseases, such as cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. However, there is little consensus among researchers about how to determine what interventions and changes would work the best. In a commentary on...
APS awards more than $140,000 to minority students of physiology
...inhibits differentiation of fat cells and prevents obesity
in mice. Currently, she is testing whether Wnt signaling results in fewer fat cells and more bone forming cells in the marrow cavity. This work may provide a new target for preventing the bone loss associated with aging and/or menopause. Adrienne B...
Marathoning mice could have Olympian effects on obesity
...nown to regulate fat metabolism appears to prevent obesity
and turns laboratory mice into marathon runners, a...scovery of the switch could lead to treatments for obesity
and disorders associated with it, such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes. The study, led by profe...
Genetically-engineered 'marathon mouse' keeps on running
...aid Evans. "One reason this approach to combating obesity
might be important is that most weight-loss drugs aim at reducing appetite," said Evans. "That's the hardest thing to change in people because their appetite is genetically programmed. Drugs that enhance the PPAR-delta pathway would let people, like ...
International symposium on nutritional genomics
...e. It's well known that diet choices are linked to obesity
and chronic diseases such as type II diabetes and heart disease, but some individuals are more susceptible to these problems than others. The symposium will honor Bruce N. Ames, professor of biochemistry and molecular biology at UC Berkeley and seni...
Scientists identify compounds that mimic calorie restriction
...ction suppresses many diseases associated with the obesity
epidemic. However, the mechanisms by which calorie restriction suppresses these diseases are not known. Lead author, J. Christopher Corton, PhD, with ToxicoGenomics in Chapel Hill, N.C., examined the genetic changes that occur during calorie restric...
Study links high carbohydrate diet to increased breast cancer risk
... the same. Dietary fat certainly a contributor to obesity
fared well in the research, showing no significant association with breast cancer risk overall. Willett noted, however, that the intake of polyunsaturated fat by the women in the study group was only about half that of the United States population....
JCI table of contents, 2 August, 2004
...gest novel therapeutic strategies for treatment of obesity
and thyroid axisrelated diseases. TITLE: Regulation of hypothalamic prohormone convertases 1 and 2 and effects on processing of prothyrotropin-releasing hormone AUTHOR CONTACT: Eduardo A. Nillni Brown Medical School/Rhode Island Hospital, 55 Claveri...
Leptin has layers of control
...gest novel therapeutic strategies for treatment of obesity
and thyroid axisrelated diseases. ...
In search of a lean gene
...demia Sinica took a different approach towards the obesity
epidemic, analyzing the effects of C/EBP gene repl...good care of it themselves," he says. Targeting obesity
and diabetes As the rate of obesity
continues to rise, so does the number of people developing...
Leptin and obesity
...tabolic messenger could help in the search for an obesity
treatment, said Eduardo Nillni, an associate profe...ie of obesity-related causes. The economic cost of obesity
was about $117 billion in 2000, the CDC also reports. Working with grants from the National Institut...
Researchers uncover surprising degree of large-scale variation in the human genome
...problems such as neurological disease, cancer, and obesity
is an intriguing possibility. The study revealed considerable structural variation in the human genome, most of which was not previously apparent by other methods of genomic analysis. Previous studies by others using different methods had identif...
Healthy fats and oils essential to satisfy calorie-conscious consumers
...alo Alto, Calf -- July 21, 2004 -- Reacting to the obesity
epidemic, food consumers have stirred a global hea...ough fats and edible oils are largely to blame for obesity
and other related health issues, they are integral to a balanced diet and assist in the absorption o...
Was Atkins right?
...could have adverse and/or beneficial effects in an obesity
prone strain of rats. The authors of "A long-term high-protein diet markedly reduces adipose tissue without major side-effects in Wistar male rats," are Magali Lacroix, Claire Gaudichon, Celine Morens, Veronique Mathe, Daniel Tome, and Jean-Francois ...
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