Tag: "oct" at biology news

Highlights of the October 2004 Journal of the American Dietetic Association

... Concerns about the overall health and well-being of America's children continue to rise as the obesity epidemic continues to expand. Many nutrition experts say an increase in soft drink consumption among adolescents coupled with the easy access to soft drinks in school vending machines over the past two decades are contributing factors to excess weight among kids. ... .....

4 October press briefing to focus on minority recruitment to science and engineering programs

More than one year after the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed the value of diverse learning environments but struck down formulaic or points-based approaches to undergraduate admissions, a new report--scheduled for release 4 October--will clarify legally defensible options for protecting diversity in science and engineering programs....... The report, Standing Our Ground: A Guidebook for STEM Educator...

Agronomy, crop, and soil science societies to meet Oct. 31 to Nov. 4 in Seattle

MADISON, WI -- The American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA) and Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) will hold their Annual Meetings, Oct. 31 to Nov. 4, at the Washington State Convention & Trade Center, Seattle, WA, under the theme, "Science to Secure Food and the Environment." ...... Over 300 scientific sessions, 75 symposia, and 2,800+ research papers/poste...

Students build submarine to track Octopuses

Marine biologists want to find out more about the Giant Pacific Octopus, but this elusive creature doesn't willingly reveal its secrets.... ...Divers can follow the octopus for short periods, but what's really needed is an undersea robot that will wait patiently outside the creature's den, ready to shadow its every move.... ...UA engineering undergrads, in collaboration with students from two oth...

Integrative biology of exercise APS Intersociety meeting October 6-9, 2004 in Austin

BETHESDA, MD (August 26) The American Physiological Society, Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology and American College of Sports Medicine announced the headline speaker as well as the complete schedule for their Intersociety Meeting on the "Integrative Biology of Exercise" to be held October 6-9, 2004 in Austin, Texas.... ...The three-day meeting features six pair of concurrent symposia, rep...

APS announces the winners of its 2004 postdoctoral fellowship in physiological genomics

August 11, 2004 - Bethesda, Md. - The American Physiological Society (APS) has announced the winners of its 2004 Postdoctoral Fellowships in Physiological Genomics. The two-year award will provide funds totaling $73,000 to each of the two winning scientists including stipend and a mini research grant for each year. Winners of the 2004 APS Postdoctoral Fellowship in Physiological Genomics are:.....

Despite darkness, nocturnal bees learn visual landmarks while foraging at night

Day-active bees, such as the fabled honeybee, are well known for using visual landmarks to locate a favoured patch of flowers and to find their way back to their hive. Researchers have now found that nocturnal bees can do the same thing, despite experiencing light intensities that are more than 100 million times dimmer than daylight. The new findings, reported by a team led by Eric Warrant of the...

Doctor's neckties: a reservoir for bacteria?

NEW ORLEANS May 24, 2004 --A study by researchers at the New York Hospital Medical Center of Queens finds that nearly half of neckties worn by medical personnel harbor bacteria that can cause disease. They report their findings today at the 104th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology.... ..."Studies such as this remind us about what we may bring to our patients' bedside. By...

BioCDS could hit No. 1 on doctors' charts

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - While-you-wait medical tests that screen patients for thousands of disease markers could be possible with compact-disk technology patented by Purdue University scientists. ......A team led by physicist David D. Nolte has pioneered a method of creating analog CDs that can function as inexpensive diagnostic tools for protein detection. Because the concentration of certain pro...

Derek R. Lovley receives 2004 Proctor & Gamble Award from American Society for Microbiology

WASHINGTON, DC--APRIL 23, 2004--Derek R. Lovley, Ph.D., Distinguished University Professor and Department Head, Department of Microbiology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, has won the Proctor & Gamble Award in Applied and Environmental Microbiology from the American Society for Microbiology (ASM). Supported by The Procter & Gamble Company, this prestigious award honors Lovley for an array o...

Vanderbilt doctors use Viagra to treat infants with pulmonary hyptertension

Doctors at Vanderbilt Children's Hospital have found a whole new use for the popular erectile dysfunction drug Viagra. ...Sildenafil, as it is called by its more anonymous chemical name, may have the power to save babies. ...Chronic pulmonary hypertension is virtually a death sentence in newborn babies. It can begin with a heart defect, or for reasons that are not well explained; but when the bl...

Vanderbilt doctors find citrus soda interacts with cyclosporine, maybe statins

... ... ...Bill Turner, 35, never knew that drinking a popular beverage could send his recovery from a double-lung transplant on a mysterious roller coaster ride. ...It took a team of medical sleuths at Vanderbilt University Medical Center to discover that the wild up-and-down swings in levels of the anti-rejection drug cyclosporine were fueled by the Sun Drop soft drink Turner drank to quench...

International critical care doctors release first-ever guidelines for sepsis

Orlando, FL, February 24, 2004, -- The first clinical management guidelines ever to address the treatment of patients with severe sepsis were unveiled today at the 33rd Annual Critical Care Congress of the Society for Critical Care Medicine. The product of an historic collaboration of critical care professionals from around the world, the Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines for Management of S...

Coexistence of identical competitors: an old doctrine challenged

An illustrious principle in ecology states that no two identical species may coexist: sooner or later all but one will drift to extinction. Researchers from the Beijing Normal University and the University of Helsinki have modeled recent data on fig-pollinating wasps that appear to contradict the old theory. Zhang, Lin, and Hanski show how this mechanism leads to a demographic advantage to uncom...

An apple a day keeps the doctor away . . . but so may a cigarette

HOUSTON Cigarettes might just hold the key to treating some serious neurological problems. Scientists at the University of Houston have unlocked one of the first doors, discovering that nicotine repairs damaged brain function. Karim Alkadhi, associate professor of pharmacology, and his team of researchers at the UH College of Pharmacy recently have established that nicotine has a beneficial ef...

JCI table of contents, 15 October, 2003

... ...In the October 15 issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Michael Moskowitz and colleagues from Harvard Medical School report that fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) ...plays a critical role in the ability of the brain to make new cells following traumatic brain injury (TBI). The authors also demonstrate that administration of FGF-2 boosts the production of new brain cells and pro...

Highlights of the October 2003 Journal of the American Dietetic Association

... Today, 99 percent of American adolescents have a television in their homes and 65 percent have televisions in their bedrooms. The rapid increase in kids' television watching has led researchers to factor in this habit when addressing the obesity epidemic especially among children. According to researchers at the University of Minnesota, television and video watching among both boys and girl...

UC Riverside to convene conference on genetically modified organisms, Oct. 14-17, 2003

Conferees will outline a broad-ranging, visionary approach to the practical applications of biotechnologyRIVERSIDE, Calif. -- ( of the University of California, Riverside from...

JCI Table of Contents, 1 October, 2003

...... Ischemic heart disease remains the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in the Western world. Current therapeutic strategies are aimed at relieving the ischemia by opening blocked arteries; however, no current therapies can directly protect the heart and ensure ongoing heart function. Faced with this challenge, Walter J. Koch and fellow researchers at Duke University Medical Center, N...

Key regulatory enzyme is a molecular 'octopus'

DURHAM, N.C. -- After seven years of work, researchers have succeeded in deducing the three-dimensional structure of an elusive and complex protein enzyme that is central to regulating the body's largest family of receptors. These receptors, called G-protein-coupled receptors, nestle in the cell membrane and respond to external chemical signals such as hormones and neurotransmitters, to switch on...

Doctors miss chances to help pregnant women quit smoking

Doctors are missing opportunities to help pregnant women quit smoking, a national survey of physicians reveals....... "Although physicians frequently identified the smoking status of pregnant women, they did not often counsel smokers about quitting," says study author Susan Moran, M.D., M.C.S.E., of Harvard Medical School and the Tobacco Research and Treatment Center at Massachusetts General Hosp...

NIEHS, NTP director receives honorary doctorate

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Director Kenneth Olden, Ph.D., will be presented the honorary degree of Doctor of Science by the University of Rochester May 18 at commencement ceremonies in Rochester, N.Y. ...... In a letter to Dr. Olden, University of Rochester President Thomas H. Jackson said, Your career at the National Institutes of Health and your dedication to cance...

Australian overturns 15 years of nano-science doctrine

An Australian mathematician has thrown 15 years of accepted scientific practice out the window by discovering a design flaw in a key component of the Atomic Force Microscope....... His finding will force a rethink into the design and use of an instrument that has become a cornerstone of scientific measurement and analysis. ...... Dr John Sader, at University of Melbourne's Department of Mathemati...

2 US doctors stop blood clot drug study early because better results seem clear

CHAPEL HILL -- Doctors have curtailed a multi-center national study of treatment for blood clots early since an interim analysis of patient data indicated a proposed new treatment was clearly superior to the standard practice. Their study showed low doses of the blood-thinning drug warfarin to be safe and highly effective for prolonged use in patients who have suffered clots of unknown origin in...

Study finds doctors fail to bridge confidential communication gap with teens

Teenagers seeking confidential health care for such conditions as pregnancy or sexually transmitted diseases frequently get inaccurate information about their doctor's confidentiality policies, according to a study by a Johns Hopkins researcher in the February issue of Pediatrics. ... ..."Although some pediatric, family medicine and internal medicine practices provide confidential services for...

Wake Forest, Pittsburgh doctors find gene behind two kidney diseases

WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. Researchers at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center and the University of Pittsburgh report in the current Journal of Medical Genetics that they have found defects in the gene that produces a common protein in urine and that these defects are linked to two inherited kidney diseases. ... For six years, the researchers had studied a family from Western North Carolina t...

UT Southwestern postdoctoral researcher wins international Young Scientist Prize

DALLAS Nov. 20, 2002 Research about the circadian clock, which regulates the body's activities on a 24-hour cycle, has earned Dr. Jared Rutter the Young Scientist Prize for 2002, a prestigious worldwide recognition presented by Science magazine and Amersham Biosciences. ......The Young Scientist Prize, established in 1995, is the highest recognition awarded worldwide to a single molecular biolo...

Physics tip sheet #29 October 23, 2002

1) Physical Review E (Print issue: October 2002)... ...Icicles often have circular ridges around them but nobody has been able to explain the details until now. A new theory described how the ridges appear because of the interplay of different effects. If there is some sort of bump on the icicle, as can randomly happen, it will tend to enlarge because the bump increases the area through which th...

JCI table of contents, October 21, 2002

... ... ... ... Selective parasympathetic innervation of subcutaneous and...intra-abdominal fat - functional implications ... ...CONTACT: ...Felix Kreier ...Netherlands Institute for Brain Research ...Meibergdreef 33, 1105 AZ ...Amsterdam ...THE NETHERLANDS ...Phone: 31-20-566-5500 ...Fax: 31-20-696-1006 ...E-mail: ... ...View the PDF of this article at: ... ... ... ......

Chemical society convenes regional meeting in Albuquerque, October 12-15

Each paper is embargoed for release until date and time of presentation... ...Over 200 research findings are scheduled for presentation at the 17th biennial Rocky Mountain regional meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, in Albuquerque, N. M., Oct. 12-15. Noted scientists as well as undergraduate and graduate students are expected to attend the meeting a...

Science picks leads, feeds and story seeds (October 2002 edition)

...Faster Than a Speeding Bullet - A two-mile wide meteorite traveling 60 times faster than a fired bullet crashed into the Atlantic Ocean 35 million years ago, causing the sixth largest known impact crater on Earth. Hidden beneath the Chesapeake Bay, the impact crater is thousands of feet deep and more than 53 miles in diameter. USGS, in cooperation with Prince William County (Va.) Public Sch...

JCI table of contents: October 1, 2002

Please find below two highlighted articles and the full table of contents for the October 1 issue....... **************************************************...... ...... If biologists have learned anything over the past decade, it is how similar all mammals are at the genetic level. Greater than 90% of the genes found in mice are also found in humans, and we even share a significant amount of gene...

Dinosaur ancestor's vision possibly nocturnal

Call it "Triassic Park": with statistics, instead of amber-preserved DNA, researchers at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute at The Rockefeller University and Yale University recreated in the test tube a functional pigment that would have characterized the eyes of archosaurs ("ruling reptiles") and allowed these direct ancestors to dinosaurs to see in dim light....... The pigment, rhodopsin, was...

Transplant patients from 40 years ago cause Pittsburgh doctors to take an about-face

MIAMI, Aug. 26 In a radical departure from the standard way of treating transplant patients, doctors from the University of Pittsburgh's Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute have gone back to the future, so to speak. ... ...Instead of the current practice of giving patients high doses of multiple drugs to suppress the immune system as soon as the organ is transplanted, the Pittsburgh team...

Anemia complicates heart failure, should be new focus, doctor says

(Embargoed) CHAPEL HILL -- Anemia, a condition arising when the blood contains too few red cells and hence not enough of the oxygen-carrying pigment known as hemoglobin, appears to be an under-appreciated contributor to problems associated with congestive heart failure (CHF), a University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill cardiologist says. That's important, he says, because an estimated 25 percen...

APS announces the winners of its 2002 Postdoctoral Fellowship in Physiological Genomics

May 6, 2002 - Bethesda, Md. - The American Physiological Society (APS) has announced the winners of its 2002 Postdoctoral Fellowships in Physiological Genomics. The two-year award will provide funds totaling $73,000 to each of the three winning scientists including stipend and a mini research grant for each year. ...... 2002 Winners of the APS Postdoctoral Fellowship in Physiological Genomics:....

Max-Planck doctoral student discovers 'living fossils'

... ... ...For the first time in 87 years scientists have found insects which cannot be allocated to any known insect order. During an international entomologist group expedition from Germany, England, South Africa, Namibia and the USA to the Brandberg mountain in Namibia, the predatory animals were discovered: they appear to be something like a mixture between a stick insect and a preying man...

Chemical society convenes regional meeting in Santa Barbara, October 28-31

... ...Almost 200 research findings are scheduled for presentation at the 37th Western regional meeting of the American Chemical Society, the worlds largest scientific society, in Santa Barbara, October 28-31. Approximately 300 scientists, including Nobel Laureates Sir Harold Kroto, F. Sherwood Rowland and Alan J. Heeger, as well as undergraduate and graduate students are expected to attend the...

32,000 graduate students grade their doctoral programs, poor report cards in career guidance and preparation for teaching

(WASHINGTON, D.C.) Tables were turned this week as 32,000 graduate students and recent Ph.D.'s graded doctoral programs in a groundbreaking online survey conducted by the National Association of Graduate-Professional Students (NAGPS). Students graded their doctoral programs' implementation of educational practices recommended by the National Academy of Sciences, the Association of American Univer...

Worlds largest scientific society convenes regional meeting October 10-13 in Lincoln, Neb.

... ...More than 250 research findings will be presented at the 36th Midwest regional meeting of the American Chemical Society, the worlds largest scientific society, in Lincoln, Neb., October 10-13. Over 500 scientists and students are expected to attend the meeting at the Cornhusker Hotel and Burnham-Yates Conference Center (402-474-7474). ... ...Inhibitors of HIV replication will be the topic...
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