Tag: "potatoes" at biology news

Engineering endurance: The future of the Olympics?

...stance runners have up to 90% type I fibers. Couch potatoes have about the same percentage of both. Endurance training can enhance the metabolic performance of muscle types probably by inducing conversion between fiber types, which is mediated by changes in gene expression. Evans and colleagues suspected t...

Natural, man-made mix promises biggest landscape plant growth

...organism. It's something I would like to test with potatoes now." Davies pointed out that mycorrhizal fungi are not a panacea, and not all plants benefit from additions of the fungi to the soil. But he hopes this research is a start toward helping growers and gardeners use the best management practices for ...

Volcanic soils yield new clues about the emergence of powerful chiefdoms in Hawaii

...volcano's southwest flank, where they raised sweet potatoes and other dryland crops. Remnants of long-abandone...olcano's total surface. Violent geology Sweet potatoes do best with at least 20 inches of rainfall a year and at elevations below 3,000 feet. Although such...

UF researcher: New low-carb potato to debut in January

...set Burbank potato. "Although potatoes are not part of the Atkins diet, the fact of the matter is that potatoes contain no fat, and they are a good source of fiber, protein and vitamins. They have vitamin C and B...

Rapidly evolving genes providing new insights in plant evolution

...arley, ryes, and corn; major starch plants such as potatoes and sweet potatoes; legumes such as soybeans, beans, and peanuts; all of our fruit crops, spices, and medicinal plants. Also among the approximately 300,000 species of flowering plants are those that provide almost all our lumber (excluding pines). ...

Highlights of the October 2003 Journal of the American Dietetic Association

Couch potatoes or French fries? Today, 99 percent of American adolescents have a television in their homes and 65 percent have televisions in their bedrooms. The rapid increase in kids' television watching has led researchers to factor in this habit when address...

National Science Foundation announces $14M planetary biodiversity inventory awards

...anum, which includes major crops such as tomatoes, potatoes and eggplants, as well as numerous lesser-known crops of tropical and subtropical regions, sources of pharmaceutical agents, and poisonous weeds like deadly nightshade. With an estimated 1500 species worldwide, Solanum is the focus of large-scale ge...

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology

... to mice, it induced an immune response. When the potatoes were fed to mice, they also induced an immune response, though not as significant. "Here, we demonstrated as a first step that it is possible to produce transgenic plants expressing the HPV-16 L1 protein in a form appropriate for immunization purpos...

Purdue instrument to fashion custom-made proteomics chips

...ocess allows you to separate the peas, carrots and potatoes from each other, while still allowing each to remain flavorful," Ouyang said. "People can use these separated, pure proteins to find out what function each performs for the body." The chips themselves are a few centimeters square, and depositing prot...

Scientists find gene that protects against potato blight

...o, scientists have discovered a gene that protects potatoes against late blight, the devastating disease that ...me at all," says Helgeson. The gene that protects potatoes from the fungus comes from a plant that scientists believe co-evolved in Mexico alongside the late-b...

Universities to share technologies to fight hunger in developing countries; improve domestic crops

...ple crop varieties like rice, cassava, sorghum and potatoes essential to resource-poor farmers in developing countries who depend on small farm plots and face severe and very fundamental problems, such as poor agricultural soils, drought, plant diseases and pests. Low production is a perennial threat to reso...

K-State professor examines connections between food, culture and psychology in new book

MANHATTAN, KAN. -- Do you mash your potatoes or roast them? Prefer a martini or a rum and Coke? The answers to these and other questions about what you eat can tell researchers a lot about who you are and to which social class you belong. This is just one of the findings by Leon Rappoport, a pr...

UC Riverside biochemists develop technology to increase Vitamin C in plants

...naceae family (this family comprises, for example, potatoes and tomatoes), which was used as a model for non-grain crops. "This technology improves nutrition by increasing the number of foods from which the vitamin can be obtained as well as increasing the level of the vitamin in those foods which are alrea...

Bt toxins found to kill parasitic roundworms

...ch economically important crops as corn, soybeans, potatoes and tomatoes. They are also a problem in horses, livestock and pets. Scientists have been increasingly concerned about parasitic nematodes developing resistance to the drugs now being used to treat or prevent t...

Focusing on preservatives: How they keep food fresh

...arvest. One enzyme, for example, causes apples and potatoes to turn brown soon after they are cut or peeled. Acids such as ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and citric acid retard this process by making the pH level uncomfortably low for the enzyme. Gourama says that at present many food scientists are searching for ...

Molecular biology and biological control team up to thwart pests and weeds

...Bt corn for control of European corn borer, and Bt potatoes for control of Colorado potato beetle. "We are especially interested in the effect of the Bt toxin on natural enemies of crop pests, particularly those enemies that target crop pests that are not affected by the toxin," Ehler says. More information a...

Monsanto to share technologies with Danforth Center to support global cassava research

...icipating in work to develop virus-resistant sweet potatoes in Africa and papayas in South East Asia....

Purdue to help NASA create life-supporting ecosystem in space

...y grow other foods, including herbs for seasoning, potatoes and salad crops, such as tomatoes and lettuce. "We will investigate energy-saving ways to light food crops in space using vertical strips of colored, light-emitting diodes," Mitchell said. "Light strips will hang right in the crop stand with plants g...

Potato technology may help move mail

...same technology that helps deliver wholesome Idaho potatoes to family kitchens may be an effective tool agains...00 to 800 parts per million - to freshly harvested potatoes as they travel along conveyor belts. Ozone destroys harmful bacteria such as Erwinia, responsible fo...

Purple potato boost for organic food industry

...e which is preventing the blight from reaching the potatoes underground. In England and all other countries, the supply of organically-grown potatoes does not meet demand from consumers because blight is so prevalent. It destroys crops worth millions...

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