Tag: "predict" at biology news
Researchers Find Genetic Clues To Intestinal Disease
...close relatives. The findings will help physicians predict
who will get the disease, called Crohn's disease, speed diagnosis, and help determine the best treatment for each individual. "Although earlier studies had suggested that Crohn's disease might be several distinct disorders, this is the first large s...
Antarctic Science Season Gears Up With Searches for Meteorites, Neutrinos, and New Life Forms
...n in the global cycle of carbon, and ultimately to predict
the ocean's response to climate change. As the southern component of the decade-long Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS), a study of carbon in the world's oceans, thirteen cruises aboard two ships -- the National Science Foundation's icebreaking r...
Two Long-sought Diabetes Gene Found
...abetes. It allowed the researchers to successfully predict
which children from the family would eventually develop diabetes. Since then, Bell's team, and that of Phillippe Froguel, Institute Pasteur de Lille, and others have identified other diabetes-causing genes. They identified a specific gene (for the en...
No Such Luck: Nitrogen From Air Pollution Unlikely to Moderate Global Warming
... nine treatments went beyond these rates to try to predict
the longer-term effects of nitrogen deposition." Tilman and Wedin found that more than half of the plant species were lost across the nitrogen addition gradient, with the greatest losses occurring at low levels of nitrogen addition -- the 1 t...
Researchers Find How Disease-resistant Plants Recognize Bacteria
...sease-causing microbes, a development that experts predict
will lead to crops that are better able to resist disease naturally. Gregory B. Martin, associate professor of agronomy at Purdue, and his colleagues found that an enzyme called Pto kinase, a protein that is produced by a disease-resistance gene in p...
Prostate Cancer May Be Predicted 10 Years Before Diagnosis
...ostate specific antigen (PSA) in a man's blood can predict
a diagnosis of prostate cancer up to six years ear...ly, which, when measured repeatedly over time, can predict
prostate cancer up to four years before clinical diagnosis," says Dr. James L. Fozard, Associate Sci...
A Sensor, A Switch, A Zipper: Protein Engineers Design Potential Tool
... in response to outside signals. The scientists predict
that with further refinements, their protein may one day be used to detect environmental toxins or--in a laboratory setting--act as a switch to activate genes or as a molecular zipper to join together proteins. ...
Prostate Cancer's Aggressiveness May Be Predicted Early By The Ratio Of Free To Total PSA
...ostate specific antigen (PSA) in a man's blood may predict
at the time of diagnosis whether prostate cancer w...fraction of the total PSA protein-bound appears to predict
for more aggressive cancer. If these results are confiremed prospectively in a larger group of patie...
New understanding of crab populations may not bring fishermen's delight
...heelusiveness of certainty. "The one thing we can predict
with this model is that crab populationswill fluctuate drastically," says Higgins, now a postdoctoral researcherat the University of Helsinki. "People have felt populations in natureare in equilibrium. Our model says no, small environmental disturban...
How Dry Is The Tropical Free Troposphere? Implications For Global Warming Theory
...rly - computer-based global climate models (GCM's) predict
that therate should be even higher if it is due ...seEffect". Furthermore, these computer models also predict
that the Earth'slower atmosphere should behave in lock-step with the surface, but with temperaturein...
UW Smogmobile Offers Cleaner, Safer Alternative To Gas Or Electric Cars
...llon price for mass-produced liquid nitrogen, they predict
the smogmobile would cost 3.8 cents per mile to drive. This compares favorably with the 6.2-cent-per-mile cost of operating gas-powered vehicles and electric cars (including the cost of battery replacement every two to three years). Despite the envir...
Yale Breakthrough In Destroying Drug-Resistant Bacteria Focuses On Thwarting Genes That Cause Resistance
...nt bacteria for the pastsix years. "You can never predict
when basic investigations will yieldimportant practical discoveries, which underscores the importance of continuedsupport for non-applied research." Next Step for Researchers The next step in finding a practical way to restore drug sensiti...
Study Focuses On How Plants Help Toxic Pollutants Travel Around The World
...ide, Hornbucklesaid. Scientists need to be able to predict
how and to where chemicals travel. "It's n...mates quickly. We need to be able tomathematically predict
that much better than we are now." She added that the Great Lakes region is "an important zo...
DNA Testing For Genetic Disorders: 'Does It Run In The Family?' Explains Options, Limitations, Problems
...e and more, people are askingif there is a test to predict
their risk for a disorder and whetherthey really want to have the test done. In a case profiled in the book, for example,a woman called Sophie Baldwin (fictitious name used to protecther privacy) has a family history of breast cancer. Almost everyfe...
Experts: Public Will Accept Irradiation In Wake Of Meat Recall
.... Linton says, "If I had a crystal ball that could predict
the future, I'd say the Hudson hamburger incident ...ers, then we may." Pauli says it's impossible to predict
if and when approval may occur. After his staff members develop a recommendation, they must provide ...
Scientists To Study Effects Of Global Warming On Wetlands
...rtilizer in Canada and parts of Europe. "If we can predict
peat productivity for the next 50 years, that will be a significant factor for consumers," he said. The project is being supported by a $1.2 million grant from the NationalScience Foundation to the three participating universities. Of that am...
Basin Traps Air Pollution In Mexico City: International Study Has Implications For U.S. Cities
...ent of air in the high basin makes it difficult to predict
wherethe pollution will concentrate at any given time," says Pacific Northwest?sChris Doran, science director of the project. "The close coupling ofmeteorological and chemistry measurements and analysis is necessary tounderstand how the surrounding ...
New Mathematical Model Could Help Predict Health Of Offshore Areas Where Rivers Enter The Sea
... information about the physicalworld of thereef to predict
biological production -- until now. The inher...g, tosay the least. Inorder for a coupled model to predict
biological activity it must include, amongother things,water salinity, tides, turbulence and winds, ...
Triglyceride Blood Levels Predict Heart Attack
...en combine LDL and HDL, as a cholesterol ratio, to predict
aperson's risk of heart disease. However, it has been unclear whethertriglyceride levels were as strongly tied to heart attack risk, according to J.Michael Gaziano, M.D., director of cardiovascular epidemiology at Brigham andWomen's Hospital in Bosto...
Study Shows Hereditary Legacy Of Radiation Exposure
...uisitely sensitive, cellularassay could be used to predict
inherited effects of radiation in futuregenerations of animals. The reproductive toxicology professor is now continuingher studies to look at lower doses of radiation, and to determine on a geneticlevel what the changes are that are induced by radiat...
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