Tag: "reduction" at biology news
Low-Protein Diet May Reverse Kidney Disease
...rome usually is treated with drugs and only modest reduction
of dietary protein to reduce the loss of protein in the urine. Severe protein restriction has been avoided for fear of aggravating the low levels of protein in the blood. In contrast with other treatments, such as steroids or immunosuppressive drugs...
New Ultrasensitive Technique For Accurately Characterizing Biomolecules Is Developed By Cornell Chemists
...ht -- 28,780.6 daltons. The breakthrough in sample reduction
came about as a result of customizing very small quartz capillaries for electrospray. Valaskovic used laser heated fabrication, chemical etching and vaporized gold plating to produce capillary tips with a diameter of only one ten-thousandth of an in...
Selenium Supplements Can Reduce Cancer Rates
...hown that any single nutrient can result in such a reduction
in cancer risk. The fact that we saw a pattern in lower incidence and mortality rates across all the clinics gives us even greater confidence in these findings." Prostate, esophageal, colorectal and lung cancer rates were among the most dramatic: pa...
Malnutrition Impacts Longevity Of Females More Than Males And Shows Gender Differences In Fruit Flies
...y more than 26 percent comparedto only a 6 percent reduction
among males. This, in effect, reversed thenormal life span advantage of females over males. Carey and colleagues suspect that the early surge in deaths of femalesdeprived of protein occurred because the females were at that point in theprocess of pr...
President's Budget Proposal Cuts R&D By 14 Percent By 2002
... by the year 2002. Following a 3.3 percent reduction
in R&D spending over the past three years, the lat...002. Two years ago, Congress proposed a 33 percent reduction
in R&D by the year 2002. A detailed report of the AAAS analysis will be presented at the 22nd Annual...
Isle Royale Moose Continue Decline
...d other less nutritious species. Peterson says the reduction
in moose is good from the standpoint that it gives the island's vegetation a chance to recover from years of overbrowsing. He expects moose numbers to increase slightly if this year's calf production is good, but says wolves should play a significant...
Project Shows Native Bacteria Can Destroy Widespread Pollutant In Groundwater
...mediation are water conservation and a substantial reduction
in pumping costs. On the other side of the ledger, however, is the cost of the chemicals involved. In the case of TCE decontamination, the highest cost item in the process is hydrogen peroxide, which breaks down in the water to provide the oxygen tha...
Low Iron Levels Cause Weakness In Women Who Are Not Anemic
...he rest of the placebo group, we saw a significant reduction
in their physical performance compared with the supplemented group," Haas said. "This suggests that iron depletion not severe enough to cause anemia reduces performance potential at submaximum work levels as well." Currently, the researchers are ass...
Early Tests Indicate Motor Skills Unharmed In Consumers Of Tainted Fish
...son's disease, too little dopamine contributesto a reduction
of motor function and executive abilities (planning and attention). "We thought that we might see reduced motor function," shesaid. "At this point, however, it doesn't look like it. We've onlylooked at two of a large number of tests that we have yet...
Bacterium gobbles up chlorinated pollutants
...h like we use oxygen," Zinder said, describing the reduction
process that leaves little more than ethene, also known as ethylene, the natural gas that causes fruit to ripen. Until the Cornell discovery, reported in the Science article "Isolation of a Bacterium that Reductively Dechlorinates Tetrachloroethene...
Resistance To Leptin Contributes To Obesity
...ow atRockefeller. "Also, leptin acts to blunt the reduction
in energy use thattypically follows a reduction
in the number of calories eaten." In previous studies, Friedman and his colleagues discovere...
Coming Extinction Of One Of UK's Most Minuscule Plants Yields Information On Climate Change
...ned dramatically, in one area there has been a 80% reduction
since 1994. This decline seems to be an indicator of long term climatic change. The Mull Purslane plant population is remotely situated and therefore is unlikely to be affected by herbicides or other direct human influence, however, it is the most s...
Study: Device Prevents Epileptic Seizures, Doesn't Damage Hearts
...ts studied nationwide had a greater than 50percent reduction
in the number of seizures they suffered, Vaughn said. A fewhave become free of seizures since the device was implanted, and some who hadthe same number as before reported their seizures were shorter or less severe. The battery-operated device...
Study Shows Hereditary Legacy Of Radiation Exposure
...ding to Wiley. Wiley said she found a significant reduction
in cell reproduction andgrowth in the offspring of mice that had been irradiated six or seven weeksbefore conception, corresponding to a sensitive stage in sperm development.These grandchildren mice also weigh less than normal mice and their spermare...
Crop Devastation To Be Discussed At National Head Blight Forum
...hologist, at the University of Minnesota. "Wesee a reduction
in yield, discolored, shriveled 'tombstone' kernel...ed by fungi whichaffect people and animals), and a reduction
in seed quality. Thedisease also reduces test weight and lowers market grade." In the December issu...
Max-Planck Researchers Unravel The Structure Of The Methane Forming Enzyme
...s a highly complex chemical reaction namely the reduction
of a thioether to a hydrocarbon. Methanogenesis is only carried out by a group of strictly anaerobic microbes called methanogens which use the formation of methane for the purpose of cellular energy generation. Within the microbial eco...
Eating Lake Ontario Fish Linked To Shorter Menstrual Cycles; Consumption May Delay Pregnancy
...women who experience regular menstrual cycles, the reduction
was half a day. Women in the group with mod...tion of Lake Ontario fish showed a 1.3-day average reduction
in menstrual cycle compared to women who did not eat fish. The average reduction
for women who expe...
Peptic Ulcer Treatment Improves Health, Saves Money
...d," says Fendrick, "the benefits in terms of ulcer reduction
and health care cost savings may be greater in the larger number of patients with previously documented peptic ulcer disease in whom the diagnosis of H. pylori was never established." The study determined that after one year, patients who receiv...
New Company To Turn UNC-CH, Army Inventions Into Improved Vaccines
...rs for multiple vaccines or booster shotswithout a reduction
in efficacy." "This is first-rate science that has led to a breakthrough technology,"said Dr. Francis J. Meyer, associate vice provost and director of UNC-CH'sOffice of Technology Development, which negotiated the license agreement withAlphaV...
Selenium Soil Contamination: Possible New Approach Identified
...nium transformation reaction in sedimentsand soils reduction
can take place without the presence of the bacteria, via adifferent mechanism," says Myneni. Joining him in this study were Tetsu Tokunaga, also with Berkeley Lab's Earth Sciences Division, and Gordon Brown, Jr., at the StanfordSynchrotron Ra...
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