Tag: "respiratory" at biology news
UCSF scientist Joe Derisi named MaCarthur Fellow
...ing such infectious diseases as SARS (severe acute respiratory
syndrome) and malaria. He is an associate professo... studying the viruses that may cause or exacerbate respiratory
illnesses, including asthma. (Currently, scientists are only able to determine the specific viruses ...
Newly identified master gene key in baby's first breath
...t known. When Foxa2 is missing in newborn mice, respiratory
distress syndrome and in many cases, death, was al...starts to breath. The absence of surfactant causes respiratory
distress syndrome within hours of birth. "We showed that Foxa2 regulates a group of genes that st...
Keep genome data freely accessible
...pointed to the recent experience with severe acute respiratory
syndrome (SARS) as an example of the power of an open system. In March, 2003, WHO issued a global health alert about an atypical pneumonia in Vietnam, Hong Kong, and Guangdong Province in China. Within 6 weeks, the SARS coronavirus had been isolated ...
Scientists discover potential new way to control drug-resistant bacteria
...says David L. Klein, Ph.D., who oversees bacterial respiratory
disease research at NIAID. "The introduction of bacteriophages may also lead to a unique approach against biodefense-related pathogens." The discovery was made by researchers at the University of California Los Angeles led by Jeffrey F. Miller, P...
JCI table of contents September 15, 2004
...ases, are caused by mutations in the mitochondrial respiratory
chain/oxidative phosphorylation system. The probl...an overview of the complexity of the mitochondrial respiratory
chain/oxidative phosphorylation system and a detailed discussion of the techniques used in this pape...
9/11 search-and-rescue dogs exhibit few effects from exposure to disaster sites
... we do not see significant increases in cancer and respiratory
diseases."The Penn researchers compared the dogs to a control group of search-and-rescue dogs that were trained similarly but not deployed. Although there is no single registry of all dogs deployed to search the 9/11 sites, the Penn researchers iden...
Venn diagram tactics to vet complex disease
...eases are caused by mutations in the mitochondrial respiratory
chain/oxidative phosphorylation system. The problem is that there are about 120 genes involved in this system, some that are found in the mitochondria, and thus inherited through the mother, and some that are found in the nucleus and are inherited f...
New research shows air pollution can reduce children's lung function
...mortality. As lung function decreases, the risk of respiratory
disease and heart attacks increases." Deficits in ... find out whether the participants will experience respiratory
symptoms, and if those who moved away from a polluted environment will show some improvement in lung...
Ventilation in bars, casinos doesn't control health risk for hospitality workers
...bons (PPAH), pollutants proven to increase risk of respiratory
disease, cancer, heart disease and stroke. Repace's findings demonstrate the dramatic effect of Delaware's smoking ban: Except for residual chalk dust in the pool hall at 17% of pre-ban levels -- air quality levels post-ban in all venues were ind...
NASA satellites detect 'glow' of plankton in black waters
...sh kills, coral stress and mortality, and skin and respiratory
problems in humans. Previous studies show that prolonged "black water" patches cause water quality degradation and may cause coral death. The use of remote sensing satellites provides effective means for monitoring and predicting such events. The li...
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory gets $10 million from NIH to build virtual lung
... and computational models of unsurpassed detail of respiratory
systems in humans and other mammals, PNNL announce...anding of the fate of airborne contaminants in the respiratory
system, to help improve treatments for asthma and other respiratory
ailments. The research will culm...
First clinical study of new pediatric croup vaccine shows safety, tolerability in adults
...rus is the most common cause of croup, a pediatric respiratory
disease that causes almost 30,000 hospitalizations...ted experienced any significant reactions, such as respiratory
symptoms or laboratory abnormalities. This FDA-approved Phase I trial was initiated in adults as a ...
Managing occupational exposures to potential bioterrorist agents
...ation when the affected individual was not wearing respiratory
protection. "More than 350 people worked in the laboratories in any given year during this period," said George V. Ludwig, Ph.D., interim science director for USAMRIID. "The fact that there were only five laboratory acquired infections is an indicat...
Improved nutrition could reduce malaria burden worldwide
...ition's role in exacerbating diarrheal disease and respiratory
infections is well known, scientific evidence has been mixed regarding its role in malaria infection," explained lead author Laura E. Caulfield, PhD, an associate professor with the Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Human Nutrition. "Des...
Infants sighs may 'reset' breathing regulation mechanism as well as help lungs develop
...o helped development of communications between the respiratory
control center, a specialized group of cells in th...olume and minute ventilation," which measures both respiratory
rate and tidal volume. This variability lasts for about 15 breaths, they found, "after which time th...
Applied Mathematical Models in Human Physiology
...transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide through the respiratory
system and a model for baroreceptor regulation. Applied Mathematical Models in Human Physiology is the only book available that analyzes up-to-date models of the physiological system at several levels of detail. Some are simple "real-time" models ...
Protein vaccine fully protects mice from lethal aerosol challenge with ricin toxin
...as a small-particle aerosol, ricin produces severe respiratory
symptoms followed by respiratory
failure within 72 hours. When ingested, ricin can cause severe gastrointestinal symptoms followed by...
Babies with DiGeorge syndrome saved by immune supression, thymus transplant
...d now live at home; one succumbed to a preexisting respiratory
infection. "This really works for this population," Markert said. "It's still experimental, but right now it's the best option." The immunosuppressant drug, called Thymoglobulin, only targets T cells, Markert said. "It's less powerful than most chemo...
DFG presents the 2004 MAK and BAT value lists
...l of 22 working substances were examined for their respiratory
tract and skin sensitising properties. New labelling was assigned to sixteen chemicals, including the aromatic compounds oak moss, geraniol and lyral, the enzyme papain, the substances bronopol and 5-ethyl-3,7-dioxa-1-azabicyclo[3.3.0]octane (EDAO), ...
FDA approves VYTORIN, first and only to powerfully reduce LDL cholesterol through dual inhibition
...s of cause, included headache (6.8 percent), upper respiratory
tract infection (3.9 percent), myalgia (3.5 percent), influenza (2.6 percent), and extremity pain (2.3 percent). Pricing and availability for VYTORIN The price of VYTORIN will be $2.34 at all doses. This means that the significant LDL cholestero...
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