Tag: "soil" at biology news
From Corn Rootworms To Art, Cornell's Reactor Is At The Core
...s on film of their corn roots and the rootworms in soil
around it. The technique is called neutron radiog...bution, root growth rates and root distribution in soil
using the technology. Richard Zobel, professor of plant breeding, and Victor Bushamuka, graduate s...
Cornell Researchers Precisely Date Wood From Ancient Tomb In Turkey
...rowth. Reduced exposure to sunlight and increased soil
moisture led to tree rings in juniper, cedar and pine samples from Porsuk, a site in central Turkey, that were three to eight times wider than normal. Porsuk is about 840 kilometers downwind of Thera. Archaelogists had long believed the Thera erupti...
Virginia Tech Researchers Receive Patent For Rapid Virus Detection Technology
...arles Hagedorn, Virginia Tech professor of cropand soil
environmental sciences. Marian Ijzerman, a 1994 Ph.D. graduatenow with the EPA, along with Hagedorn, her advisor, and biologyprofessor Joe Falkinham, have received a patent (Number 5,527,667on June 18, 1996) for a "Rapid Virus Detection Technology,"...
Newly Discovered Bacteria Produce Magnetic Material
...teria are potentially useful for bioremediation of soil
andgroundwater contaminated with mixed waste if the contaminated zone issufficiently heated. Potential biotechnological applications of these bacteria include productionof magnetic fluids for brakes and lubricants for high-speed turbines. "The bacter...
Major Plant Genome Research Project Underway
...sources) and using plants to clean up contaminated soil
(phytoremediation) at DOE's former nuclear weapons production sites. Catherine Woteki, USDA acting undersecretary of agriculture for research, education, and economics adds, "Mapping the Arabidopsis genome will enable us to use biotechnolog...
Gene Discovery Could Overcome Aluminum Barrier To Higher Wheat Yields Worldwide
...and in this country, about 5 billion acres of acid soil
harbor aluminum, he said. "Now that rye's anti-al... could help farmers utilize the vast acres of acid soil
in the world where aluminum-tolerant cereal grains can be grown." Gustafson and co-researchers in ...
NCAR Scientists Trek To Africa For Biosphere-Atmosphere Chemistry Study
... that measure atmospheric exchange from leaves and soil
a 60-meter tower studded with meteorological instruments and air samplers a balloon tethered for brief periods at heights of up to a kilometer France's Arat research aircraft, flying out of Bangui While relying on many standard sensors, EXPRESSO w...
Scientists Trek to Africa for Biosphere-Atmosphere Chemistry Study
... that measure atmospheric exchange from leaves and soil
a 60-meter tower studded with meteorological instruments and air samplers a balloon tethered for brief periods at heights of up to a kilometer France's Arat research aircraft, flying out of Bangui "There's never before been a program ...
Penn State Wetlands Project Seeks Scientific Evaluation Criteria
... characteristics such as plant life, animal life, soil
composition, sedimentation and basin shape also were analyzed and categorized. "The project also extensively researched bird, amphibian and plant species that inhabit only certain wetland habitats --called indicator species," Brooks says. "To t...
Purdue Researchers Prod Plants To Clean Up Pollution
...Using traditional technology to clean contaminated soil
(such as removing, chemically treating or heating ...fficials. That puts cleanup costs for contaminated soil
in the United States at hundreds of billions of dollars. If phytoremediation reduced those cleanup c...
Munching Microbes Make A Meal Out Of Toxic Substances
...ineer is investigating how and why bacteria in the soil
eat certain toxic chemicals, and he is developing ...cleanup efforts. "We've known for decades that the soil
contains microbes with the ability to degrade chemicals such as petroleum compounds," says Loring Ni...
Purdue-Made Soil Benefits The Environment
...c-rich industrial byproduct makes a very effective soil
additive. "Mixing this material with poor-quality soil
-- even sand and gravel -- creates a man-made topsoil that in preliminary laboratory tests outperfor...
Fighting Wheat Scab In New York State
...yeast growing naturally on plant leaves, roots and soil
that exhibit anti-fungal activity. The researcher...al crop seeds promoted the germination of seeds in soil
to the same extent as did treatment with chemical fungicides. Initial tests in Brazil indicate that...
Study Focuses On How Plants Help Toxic Pollutants Travel Around The World
...dstems do not store chemicals. The plants' soil
will be covered with a Teflon-like material so nochemicals can be absorbed into the dirt. The number of leaves will be countedand a few will be picked off each plant and tested to determine existingchemical concentrations. Persistent organic ...
Penn State Researchers Study Used Mushroom Compost
...s identified potential uses for this substrateas a soil
amendment or potting media, in mine reclamation an...Jon Chorover, assistant professor of environmental soil
chemistry; and Dr.Richard H. Fox, professor of soil
science, will analyze and characterize theweathe...
Roadsides Benefit From Waste, UF Researchers Say
...nding a way to improve roadside soil. The improved soil
would help grass grow, and grass helps to stabiliz...r said. "They're everywhere." In general, roadside soil
is too sandy to hold nutrients or water, making it difficult for grass to grow well. Importing topso...
Maternal Lead Exposure Linked To High Numbers Of Cavities
...ne, it'sstill present in old paint and commonly in soil
or dust aroundcontaminated buildings. Bowen says that the areas with thehighest lead pollution -- inner cities and the Northeast -- mirror areas where dentists see the highest rates of toothdecay. The team studied cavity susceptibility in rats b...
Researcher Discovers Plant Genes For Phosphate Uptake
...p crops healthy, Mengel says. Even in the Midwest, soil
phosphorus is the least available of the big three nutrients. When soil
phosphorus is sparse and plants can't get what they need, they make some internal changes to bring i...
Biodiversity Worth $2.9 Trillion
...f a diverse biota, such as organic waste disposal, soil
formation, biological nitrogen fixation, genetic r...e energy-intensive spring and fall tilling exposes soil
to wind and water erosion -- could reduce erosion as much as 50 percent, saving $20 billion worth of...
'Suicide Response' Gives Colorado State Researchers Important Clues On Preventing Bacterial Invasion In Crops Worldwide
...and pest management;and Nora Lapitan, professor of soil
and crop sciences....
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