Tag: "abstinence" at biology news
The birth of reproductive health: A difficult delivery
...tives who eschew abortion and condoms in favour of abstinence
and fidelity, and more liberal voices who argue for a full armamentarium." The fight between conservatives and liberals is clearest, she argues, in the case of the US. Although it spends more than any other country on reproductive health--$42...
Specifying alcohol-related brain-damage among heavy social drinkers
...pens as the degree of drinking and the duration of abstinence
increase." Both Martin and Meyerhoff said the study's findings of chemical abnormalities in the brains of heavy social drinkers provide evidence of brain impairment, even if the drinkers cannot see it themselves. "Our major aim was to detect ea...
Rimonbant shows promise in addressing multiple risk factors
...viously attempted to quit, enabled them to achieve abstinence
without post cessation weight gain at double the rate obtained in patients treated with placebo. ABOUT LAVAL UNIVERSITY Located in the heart of Quebec's historic capital city, University Laval is one of Canada's leading universities. Among the top ...
Women who drink may be at greater risk of cardiovascular complications than men
...rn of cardiovascular dysfunction after a period of abstinence
from alcohol. This is in contrast to previous studies showing that men with tHT return to 'normal' resting cardiovascular functioning after a period of abstinence, and manifest cardiovascular dysfunction only when faced with an aversive stressor. F...
Neurons involved in drug addiction relapse identified
...cessing of memories that persist even after a long abstinence
and may partially explain why environmental cues can provoke a relapse, says primary author Mark West, PhD, a psychologist at Rutgers University. West's co-authors include Udi E. Ghitza, Anthony T. Fabbricatore, Volodymyr Prokopenko and Anthony P. P...
New research challenges advice that men should abstain from sex before fertility treatment
...otility was inversely and significantly related to abstinence
in oligozoospermic samples only. The percentage of...f sperm was inversely and significantly related to abstinence
in both moderately oligozoospermic and normal samples." Dr. Levitas, a senior physician at the ferti...
Chronic alcohol abuse damages regulating hormones
... liver insufficiency. Alcohol withdrawal and early abstinence
also wreak havoc on alcoholics. New research indic...r how much regeneration may occur during long-term abstinence
from alcohol. A new study carefully monitors major water and electrolyte regulating hormones - argi...
Moderate alcohol consumption during pregnancy is risky too
...nancy and why, in the absence of such information, abstinence
is the best course of action." For future rodent studies, Goodlett suggests that researchers focus on the biochemical and molecular mechanisms of release of the neurotransmitter glutamate in order to determine what has been changed and how that makes...
How genetics can influence learning
...firam (Antabuse), a drug therapy used to encourage abstinence
in alcoholic persons. Not only are the physiological responses very similar, so too are the acting mechanisms - both inhibit the metabolism of acetaldehyde. "This effect is so strong that people who have two copies of the ALDH2 allele (homozygous),"...
Abstinence may make the brain grow stronger
...curs in the frontal lobe and cerebellum. Prolonged abstinence
from alcohol appears to allow some reversal of str...o what extent these effects may be reversible with abstinence
from alcohol. A study in the November issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research uses ...
Researchers find large discrepancies in spouses' reports on birth control
...frican Republic, and Mali. The condom and periodic abstinence
were the main methodsreported by men whose wives reported no contraceptive use. In cases where a direct comparison was possible, the likelihood that the man would report use when the woman did not was everywhere greater than the probability that the ...
Abnormalities in stress hormone response among alcoholics
...n. One, some recovering alcoholics with a lengthy abstinence
may have a chronically subdued stress system. Two...shed studies of alcoholics with shorter lengths of abstinence
found they had a blunted or unchanged stress response following serotonergic stimulation. We also f...
Electrophysiological differences of individuals at high risk for alcoholism
...me of these deficits do not recover with prolonged abstinence
from alcohol. Our studies of high-risk children of alcoholics, prior to any exposure to alcohol, indicate that many of these electrophysiological anomalies antecede the development of alcoholism. Based on these studies, we hypothesized that a predi...
Drinking during pregnancy: American Indians and African Americans
Most health campaigns recommend abstinence
from alcohol during pregnancy. Some women nonethel...opulations. Public health campaigns that recommend abstinence
from alcohol during pregnancy have been, for the most part, successful. There are, however, some wo...
Some alcoholics may self-medicate with carbohydrates between drinks
...vings for carbohydrates, particularly sweets, upon abstinence
from alcohol. Moorhouse called this a "biological drive." Researchers examined the response of a distinct group of alcoholics - those who reported high cravings for carbohydrates - to two different diets: a high sugar diet, and a high protein diet. ...
Gene mutation may no longer protect certain populations from alcoholism
...ience lower rates of alcoholism andhigher rates of abstinence
from alcohol. "Through 30 years of reports," said McGue, "most East Asians who had one mutation of the gene werethought to have a pretty strong reduction in risk of developing alcoholism. Never had there beenfound an East Asian alcoholic that had t...
Reanalysis Of International Data Finds Sharp Decline In Sperm Density
...h factors as the age ofthe subjects, the length of abstinence
prior to sample collection, and method ofsample collection, each of which can influence the observed trend. Swan said,"Most of the critics have suggested ways in which the data analysis might beskewed, but no one has ever looked at the data from the...