Tag: "acquiring" at biology news

Brain researchers from UCLA, Johns Hopkins discover role of key protein in converting short-term memories into lifelong ones

...ndicating proper functioning of the hippocampus in acquiring short-term memories. When testing took place several days later, the normal mice easily remembered their training. By contrast, the memories of the genetically altered mice were severely impaired, meaning that the protein-deficient cortex did not con...

Scientists sequence genome of major periodontal disease bacterium

...e naturally resistant to some antibiotics, and are acquiring resistance to many others....

Widespread 'superbug' is expert at acquiring drug-resistance

...t lineage of Staphylococcus aureus is an expert at acquiring resistance to antibiotics. "The capacity of this bacterium to acquire resistance traits against antibiotics is amazing," says Alexander Tomasz, Ph.D., co-author of the paper and head of the Laboratory of Microbiology at Rockefeller. The findings, re...

Babies' hands move to the rhythm of language

...oach to how babies begin the remarkable process of acquiring language. The results of the study, titled "Language Rhythms in Babies Hand Movements," support the idea that babies are born with sensitivity to highly specific rhythmic patterns naturally found in languages. It is so powerful that a baby can find ...

Next-generation AIDS vaccine for healthy individuals being tested for safety, tolerability at UC Davis

...who currently are HIV-negative and at low risk for acquiring HIV infection. Individuals who are pregnant or nursing, or who have hepatitis C or hepatitis B infection are not eligible for the study. Study participants will visit UC Davis Medical Center 17 times over an 18-month period to receive a series of tw...

Bacteria test may make blood safer

...uch as HIV and hepatitis. The transfusion risk for acquiring such viruses has greatly diminished due to improvements in blood donor screening. With 9 million platelet units and 12 million red blood cell units transfused in the United States every year, at least 3,000 transfusions, primarily platelets, are con...

Highlighted speakers at first IMFAR conference challenge researchers to raise the bar on autism research

... neuroanatomy. New techniques being developed for acquiring and processing imaging data offer potentially important approaches to examining this phenomenon. Is autism on the rise? One of the more well-known researchers delving into the apparent increase in autism is Eric Fombonne, M.D., who is heading the M...

Ecologist Gretchen Daily advocates saving the planet by making conservation profitable

...xample, could be worth something more than timber, acquiring financial value for the gifts they give while standing and [being] part of a healthy, functioning forest, she explains. Likewise, land could have financial value not only for its mining and real estate potential but for the ecosystem services it prov...

New center to study deadly microbial pathogens

...ng new investigators with complementary interests, acquiring state-of-the-art resources needed to conduct this research, and encouraging strong collaborations and interactions within the group that will foster development of new technologies. Researchers will seek drug and vaccine targets for: Pseudomonas a...

Gene study determines how humans are related to fruit flies and nematode worms

...sts from Penn State and Japan. "Cost estimates for acquiring the human genome alone range between 300 million and 3 billion," Hedges comments. "After spending all that money and effort, we now should at least be able to know for sure how these animals are related." These three species, which were singled out ...

Obesity may exacerbate a heart disorder in African American females

...ividuals with obesity are at an increased risk for acquiring LQTS and the associated malignant ventricular arrhythmias. LQTS can be identified via a resting electrocardiograph (ECG) tracing, yet it is not common practice to screen otherwise healthy obese individuals for these conditions. Chronic aerobic exe...

Single gene leap led to flea-borne transmission of plague bacterium

... in the April 26 issue of the journal Science. By acquiring this gene, the bacterium gradually changed from a germ that causes a mild human stomach illness acquired via contaminated food or water to the flea-borne agent of the "Black Death," which in the 14th century killed one-fourth of Europe's population. ...

University of South Florida team conducts trial for HIV vaccine

... immune response in healthy people at low risk for acquiring HIV before testing it in people who are more likely to become infected with the AIDS virus."...

Transmission of drug-resistant HIV on the rise

...sor of medicine. "That means about one in four are acquiring a virus with signs of drug-resistance," Grant said. The study supports the use of drug resistance testing before starting antiretroviral therapy, especially in recently infected persons who were found to have high rates of drug resistance in this stu...

New study shows passive cigarette smoke at least doubles risk of cancer in cats

...ats not exposed to tobacco smoke. The risk of cats acquiring cancer increased with both their duration and quantity of tobacco smoke exposure. Cats that were exposed for five or more years had a risk of more than triple (3.2) that of other cats. Risk of lymphoma also appeared to be related to the number of sm...

Bacterial alterations source of persistent COPD lung infections

... the bacteria's molecular identity. They suspected acquiring a new strain of bacteria brought on the dangerous infections, causing the already sick patients to cough, choke and experience severe shortness of breath. Proving this would require a new way to identify one strain of bacteria from another. "This stu...

NHGRI adds cow and dog to high priority list for sequencing model organisms

...paper that justifies the substantial investment of acquiring an animal's genome sequence. White papers can be submitted three times a year, with deadlines on February 10, June 10 and October 10. The white papers are reviewed by the Genome Resources and Sequencing Priority Panel (GRASPP), a blue-ribbon group NH...

Water world: The sequel

...ium proceeds slowlyenough for us to make movies by acquiring sequences of images at 20second intervals," says Salmeron. "By measuring jump distances anddirections in our movie images, diffusion was observed to proceed byrandom hopping over to the nearest neighbor sites of the palladiumsubstrate." Diffusion w...

University of New Hampshire launches biomedical research network with $5.6 million grant

...arly should make our scientists more successful in acquiring national funding, and what better way to start than by supporting our undergraduate schools and providing established investigators with state-of-the-art instrumentation." The funding has allowed the university to hire three new researchers, set up ...

Your brain is teaching your nose new tricks, say UC Berkeley researchers

... peripheral neural plasticity - the nervous system acquiring a capability it didn't have before - is involved. In children, the nervous system is constantly changing and developing, "but in adults, it's a question as to how much it can change," Sobel said. "If you want to repair a damaged nervous system, the b...

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