Tag: "acute" at biology news

New 20-year study links COPD and asthma

...t factors such as smoking and repeated episodes of acute bronchitis may facilitate the evolution of asthma into COPD, but the process by which asthma and COPD become comorbid conditions is not clear." COPD is a collective name for a group of chronic lung diseases, including emphysema and chronic bronchiti...

UCSD biologists discover cell's defense mechanism against class of disease-causing bacterial toxins

...let fever, the skin infection impetigo, pneumonia, acute kidney inflammation, toxic shock syndrome, acute rheumatic fever, rheumatic heart disease and the flesh-eating disease known as necrotizing fasciitis...

Warren Pharmaceuticals publishes results of preclinical evaluation

...rites: "Any step forward in treatments for stroke, acute brain or spinal cord injury, or for chronic neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, or diabetic neuropathy, would be a major contribution to medicine."...

ALL survivors bear genetic damage from life-saving chemotherapy

Children who undergo chemotherapy and survive acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) endure a 200-fold increase in the frequency of somatic mutations in their DNA, researchers from the University of Vermont Medical School reported in the July 1 issue of the journal Cancer Research. The alterations in ...

Early dexamethasone exposure has long-term neurodevelopment, neuroendocrine effects

... external influences. Clinical studies examining acute dexamethasone effects on physiology and central ne... gain, and smaller head circumferences. During the acute phase of dexamethasone exposure, changes in gross neuromotor function have also been noted. As a res...

RSV can increase the risk of asthma, UT Southwestern researchers find

... that the anti-RSV antibody not only prevented the acute severe form of bronchitis but also prevented the long-term complications of the disease. The findings were published in the journal, Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy . "These findings have enormous implications," said Dr. Hasan Jafri, assistan...

Study sheds new light on genetic risk for Parkinson's disease

...sociated with poor clinical outcome in people with acute head injury and stroke," Huang said. "In the brain, apolipoprotein E-4 may be involved in neuron repair and in the removal of dead cells, so if you have APOE-4, you may be at higher risk of Alzheimer's disease or poor recovery from stroke and brain i...

New study confirms process leading to disorder causing male characteristics in women

...PCOS observed in the study may reflect exaggerated acute steroidogenic responses that parallel escalating d...s were not observed in normal women. Furthermore, acute ovarian steroid responses to rhLH infusions were not commonly apparent when reviewing individual ste...

Newly grown kidneys can sustain life in rats

...de the patient lets Hammerman avoid hyperacute and acute vascular rejection, two immune system responses th...l have to take immune suppression drugs to prevent acute rejection, a third type of immune response that directly attacks transplanted tissues. But recipient...

Abnormal chromosomes forecast leukemia relapse

COLUMBUS, Ohio Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who enter remission with abnormal chromosomes in bone marrow cells are twice as vulnerable to recurrence of their disease as are AML patients with normal bone marrow cells at remission, according to a new study. The findings b...

Scientists discover molecular target for treatment of T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia

...ues for development of future therapeutics. T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) accounts for 10%-15% of pediatric and 25% of adult ALL cases. A gene called TAL1/SCL is frequently activated in T-ALL patients, but exactly how it causes leukemia has not been clear. Dr. Michelle Kelliher, from the Dep...

1st International Conference on Cell Therapy for Cardiovascular Disease

...oth completed and ongoing clinical trials for both acute and chronic myocardial disease, followed by a question-and-answer session. The Symposium will bring together the leaders in the field of cardiac myogenesis. It is anticipated that many attendees will have preexisting knowledge of principles, experime...

Susceptibility of mice to mousepox offers promise of smallpox protection

...tack. "We are interested in not only overcoming an acute infection to save the individual, but at the same time helping to induce long-term immunity which will provide protection from a secondary infection," Karupiah said. The cytokine effect may apply not only to poxviruses, according to Karupiah, but to ...

When blood can't get to brain, special CT scan helps

...y newer-generation CT scanner and be used to image acute and chronic cerebrovascular conditions," says Ellen Hoeffner, M.D., the lead author of one of the two new papers and an assistant professor in the Department of Radiology in the U-M Medical School. "It still isn't completely validated for use in some...

JCI table of contents, 1 June 2004

...erize TSHR antibody pathogenesis mechanisms. In an acute study using MS-1 injection in mice, they found a d...although serum MS-1 levels were higher than in the acute study, serum thyroid hormone levels were similar to those in pretreatment controls. The authors conf...

Gene at root of urban air pollution's lung effects

... lung injury in response to particulate matter and acute ozone exposure. However, they were protected from many of the airway effects of prolonged exposure to lower doses of ozone. The result suggests that the ramifications of toxin inhalation in the lung vary depending upon the nature of the toxin and exp...

Insight into transplant rejection might lead to novel prevention therapies

...e system, the body's first line of defense, in the acute rejection of transplanted lungs. Drugs targeting t...nfection, were significantly less likely to suffer acute rejection of the organs, the team found. The researchers presented their results at the 100th Intern...

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology

...amplification method for rapid detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus. Journal of Clinical Microbiology , 42. 5: 1956-1961.)...

Nonalcoholic beverages may impart cardiovascular benefits without the negative effects of alcohol

...intima thickening," said Bassus. "Conversely, the acute consumption of alcohol beverages causes an increas...eneration, suggesting a thrombotic risk in case of acute alcoholic intoxication. But this is only an assumption that has to be investigated in further studi...

Institute for OneWorld Health CEO advocates focus first on developing world markets

...st of them children. Worldwide, about 300 million acute cases of malaria occur annually. OneWorld Health is developing a program focused on the assessment of the safety and efficacy of anti-malarial drugs for pregnant women in malaria-endemic areas. More information at http://www.oneworldhealth.org/dise...

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