Tag: "adults" at biology news
Iron can have negative side effects on people with kidney disease
More than 20 million Americans one in nine adults
have chronic kidney disease, and most don't even know it. Physicians are constantly searching for the most effective therapies to help people with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), which occurs when kidney disease has progressed and about 90% of ki...
Leptin and obesity
... for Disease Control and Prevention, 61 percent of adults
are overweight or obese and 13 percent of children and adolescents are seriously overweight. This epidemic exacts a steep toll: Each year, about 300,000 Americans die of obesity-related causes. The economic cost of obesity was about $117 billion in 2...
Children's Hospital Boston receives more than $10 million to help make smallpox vaccine safer
... "Since 5 percent of kids and about 1 percent of adults
have atopic dermatitis, the risk is great should a decision be made to mass vaccinate," says Dr. Raif Geha, chief of Immunology at CHB. "EV can develop even in people with mild atopic dermatitis, as well as healthy people who had atopic dermatitis i...
Joslin Diabetes Center releases new low impact exercise video
...ent Joslin Diabetes Center study showed that obese adults
who lost just seven percent of their weight - or 16 pounds in a 220-pound, 5'5" tall woman - and did moderate-intensity physical exercise for six months such as the exercises on the Keep Moving! video, improved their major blood vessel function by ap...
What are babies thinking before they start talking?
...nguage." "It's been shown in previous studies that adults
actually categorize things differently based on wh... signal meanings in all the world's languages that adults
can no longer hear, even those variations that their own language does not use and that the adults
Why some neonates need caffeine
..., 2004) - Bethesda, MD Every morning, millions of adults
consume voluminous cups of coffee, seeking the jolting effect of caffeine. As these adults
consume their coffee, they do so unaware that some of the youngest Americans are also getting a trea...
Genetic model for devastating form of paraplegia suggests new treatments
...n.) Even very low levels of over-expression caused adults
to be slow and weak. Within the nerve cells, the researchers found that too much D-Spastin caused stable microtubules to disappear altogether. At the synapse, elevated levels of spastin also caused a large drop in synaptic signal strength, impairing ...
Gene profiles could improve acute leukemia diagnosis and lead to better treatments
...icroarray analysis of genes from both children and adults
with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) could significan...ic type of blood cell. The study of children and adults
found that leukemic cells of each major known prognostic subtype of AML had a specific "signature" o...
New 20-year study links COPD and asthma
New research shows that adults
with asthma may have an increased risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). According to a 20-year study published in the July issue of CHEST , the peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP), pat...
UCSD biologists discover cell's defense mechanism against class of disease-causing bacterial toxins
...ren and 500,000 cases of pneumonia in children and adults
in the United States each year. The toxins also play a major role in infections from Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium that causes ulcers; Legionella pneumophila, which is responsible for Legionnaire's disease; and Streptococcus pyogenes, which can le...
Triple-vaccine strategy stimulates strong HIV-specific immune response in monkeys
... of any vaccine based on them. About 45 percent of adults
in the United States, for example, have pre-existing immunity to the most prevalent strains of adenovirus, and similar or higher levels have been reported in other parts of the world. To circumvent this potential difficulty, the researchers at The Wi...
Old is young, study finds
...researchers analyzed the ratio of older to younger adults
in hominid dental samples from successive time per...s found a trend of increased survivorship of older adults
throughout human evolution. It's not just how long people live that's important for evolution, but t...
ORNL adds three R&D 100s to DOE lab-leading total
...human thyroid gland, which regulates metabolism in adults
and physical development in children. The system created by ORNL uses a process known as selective ion exchange, which is the preferred treatment technology for removing contaminants such as perchlorate from water. However, the resins often absorb c...
Make a splash for public health this summer
...Sense'-able Swimming guide encourages children and adults
alike to use their senses - sight, touch, smell, sound, and common sense, too - to help protect themselves and each other from swimming pool-related illness."Recognizing that there can be health issues associated with swimming pools, though, remains ...
ALL survivors bear genetic damage from life-saving chemotherapy
...ns during their growth and development stages than adults
have, they are more susceptible than adults
to effects of the chemotherapies genotoxicity." ALL is the most common pediatric malignancy...
Endurance exercise found to be equally effective as diuretics in improving cardiac health
...se can induce regression of LV remodeling in older adults
or whether it is as effective as antihypertensive ...the issues addressed in a study that studied older adults
with mild hypertension randomized into exercise and thiazide (diuretics that increase the excretion ...
Brain development and puberty may be key factors in learning disorders
...nite many seemingly disparate deficits observed in adults
with learning problems -- from evidence that their... continue to improve during the teenage years, the adults
with learning problems performed more poorly than unimpaired adults
and thus had failed to make up f...
Antioxidants during pregnancy may help prevent birth defects tied to alcohol
...coholism (NIAAA), show that the number of American adults
age 18 years and older who abuse alcohol or are alcohol dependent rose from 13.8 million (7.41 percent) in 1991-1992 to 17.6 million (8.46 percent) in 2001-2002. "There is no 'magic number' as to a safe versus unsafe amounts of alcohol consu...
Existing drug may prevent brain injury and seizures in newborns
...mate, is currently approved to control seizures in adults
and in children over age 3, but the findings may p..."However, since agents already approved for use in adults
are also effective, our results indicate that a clinical trial should be considered to determine top...
Fat cells could provide the key to a longer life
...h factor (IIS) signalling pathway in fat tissue of adults
extended life by up to 50 per cent. Previously it has been shown that reducing the activity of the IIS pathway extends lifespan in fruit flies, mice and the worm C. elegans. But the cellular processes that determine longevity were not understood. Res...
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