Tag: "adults" at biology news
Chemists at four pharmaceutical companies named Heroes for treating childhood conditions
...developed Singulair® to help control asthma in adults
and children as young as 12 months. This year the FDA also approved the medication for the relief of symptoms of seasonal allergic rhinitis in patients two years and older. Singulair® works by blocking substances in the body called leukotrienes, ...
Smaller food portions may explain the 'French paradox' of rich foods and a svelte population
...e and decadent pastries. Just 7 percent of French adults
are obese, as compared with 22 percent of Americans, and the mortality rate from heart disease is significantly lower in France. Rozin and his colleagues weighed portions at 11 comparable pairs of eateries in Paris and Philadelphia, including fast-fo...
Salk News: Social behavior genes
... in addition to their very extroverted natures, as adults
Williams patients also possess unusually adept language skills given their level of general cognitive abilities. Bellugi and her laboratory have been studying the syndrome for years in an effort to understand how language is processed in the brain an...
Infants more vulnerable to serious brain injury from falling than previously thought
...dren are the physiological equivalent of miniature adults
and are affected similarly in cases of head trauma...ldren do not always respond to trauma the same way adults
do. "Learning more about pediatric brain injuries will help us develop protective devices -- helmet...
Creation of new neurons critical to antidepressant action in mice
...rchers created a strain of "knockout" mice that as adults
show anxiety-related traits, such as a reluctance to begin eating in a novel environment. While unaffected by chronic treatment with the SSRI fluoxetine, the knockout mice became less anxious after chronic treatment with tricyclic antidepressants, wh...
The Rett Syndrome Research Foundation commits $1.3 million for 2003 research awards
...sible. The suffering of the countless children and adults
battling RTT must be eased," said Monica Coenraads, VP of Research for RSRF. The 67 proposals received this year represent a 50 percent increase over last year's response to RSRF's Request for Proposals. This year's 13 awards encompass a wide range ...
Vitamin C may protect against ulcer-causing bacteria, study finds
...cted from a random sample of nearly 7,000 American adults
by the National Center for Health Statistics and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention during NHANES III, the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, conducted between 1988 and 1994. From the available data, researchers ...
New gene found for children's lethal kidney disease
...kidneys with fluid-filled cysts like those seen in adults
with PKD. Because the two disorders are so similar, we suspect that NPHP2 may be a kind of bridging disease between nephronophthisis* and polycystic kidney disease." "Protein expressed by the NPHP2 gene shows up in tiny appendages called cilia found...
New mechanism for gene silencing identified
...le enzymes that keep these genes silent in healthy adults
but active during critical times of embryonic development. Moreover, it appears that this silencing mechanism is clearly lost during tumor formation. The hope is that, in a tumor, for instance, we could learn to re-silence these genes that are being ...
Dengue infection more serious for elderly persons
...p to 23 months of age), youth (2 to 18 years old), adults
(19 to 64 years old), and elderly (65 and older). ...y persons were more likely than the youths and the adults
to have been hospitalized, and only slightly less likely so than the infants. The same pattern was t...
Immune system drug may increase availability of liver transplants
... issue of Gastroenterology. Roughly 40 percent of adults
in the United States have so-called "fatty" livers...o people as part of early phase clinical trials in adults
and children with various cancers, but was limited by its toxicity....
Respiratory manifestations may be secondary to inflammation in cystic fibrosis patients
...compared with control subjects, five healthy young adults
(mean age: 30.8 3.2 years) from the medical staff without history of lung disease and with normal lung function and four children, two boys and two girls (mean age: 11 0.5 years) with dyskinetic cilia syndrome. The experiment consisted of: (1) isol...
Can female adult obesity be stopped at birth?
...a LH concentrations. LH in 35- and 60-day-old male adults
was not assessed. Conclusions The researchers conclude that the concentrations of fetal/postnatal endogenous NPY content, either as an associated change or an end result of disturbances in circulating insulin and/or leptin concentrations, contribute...
Protein can predict progression of most common childhood brain tumor
...ostic factor for certain malignant brain tumors in adults
but has not been extensively studied in childhood pilocytic astrocytomas. Dr. Bowers said he has long suspected a connection. "This report is the first real evidence that there's more to the story," he said. Researchers looked at cell samples from 11...
Study points to new gene therapy tool in preventing epileptic seizures
...e U.S. population. A large proportion of epileptic adults
have temporal lobe epilepsy, which is often very difficult to treat, and for about 30 percent of those individuals the only treatment option is surgery," said study co-author Dr. Thomas J. McCown, associate professor of psychiatry in UNC's School of ...
US bald eagle counts continue to climb slowly
...irds of the eagles observed on surveys were mature adults
and about one-third were immature. Trends in numbers of adults
and immatures counted showed similar geographic patterns, but counts of adults
increased at a higher...
Study suggests interplay of gene, stress can predict depression
...ffitt. In the study, the researchers looked at 847 adults
living in New Zealand. These individuals have been part of the longitudinal Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study since their births between 1972 and 1973. The researchers determined the subjects' 5-HTT genotype, evaluated any signs ...
Gene helps determine whether the stresses of life push you into depression, Science study says
... certain maltreated children grow up to be healthy adults
and certain ones develop antisocial behaviors." Their body of research suggests that subtypes of genes can confer susceptibility to depression and possibly other serious diseases, according to Kelner. The participants in this study are part of the l...
Inflammation blocks impact of heart healthy diets for some
...ctor for cardiovascular disease. The 100 healthy adults
in the study had an average age of 52 and already were participating in the national Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension-Sodium (DASH-Sodium) trial. The Hopkins team took blood samples from each participant at the study's start to measure CRP,...
Lose it or lose it
...t by a grant from the Alzheimer's Association, 392 adults
were followed for 18 years, from age 70 to 88, to ...he US and Europe with the highest prevalence among adults
fifty and older. These findings have important public health implications, according to the authors....
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