Tag: "affects" at biology news

Genetic, Familial Factors Influence ADHD, Not Necessarily Sex Of Child

...of ADHD, and at least one ofthose subtypes of ADHD affects boys and girls at practically the same rate. "The hyperactivity of young boys is easy to spot, and a child who is excessivelydisruptive will come to the attention of a teacher more quickly than a littlegirl who may be sitting very quietly but having ...

Invading Pests Harm People, Plants And Animals

...ulturalcommunity, yellow starthistle most severely affects ranchers. While young shootscan be grazed by cattle, the sharp spines of older starthistle plants deter cowsfrom feeding. Yellow starthistle also can be toxic to horses that eat it. To control the invasive weed, scientists are attacking it w...

Jefferson Scientists Find Further Proof Of Damage To The FHIT Gene In Breast Cancers

...nsistent with the idea that loss of BRCA2 function affects the stability ofthe FHIT site." An improved understanding of the FHIT gene may lead to theidentification of individuals predisposed to some of the most common humancancers, the development of new drugs that may arrest the growth of cancercel...

Melatonin Shapes Brain Structure In Songbirds

...ls,but there has never been any indication that it affects brain plasticity likethis. The fact that it would have a direct effect on a brain area in birds andinfluence its volume, as we have just found, has never been addressed in otherspecies. Perhaps one thing a study of this sort will do is encourage peop...

UF Anthropologists Study Techniques To Solve Mysteries Of Dead Bodies

...o law enforcement. "Anytime you have anything that affects the integrity of the scene, andespecially when you have a body that's been in the wild for awhile, you havemany varmints come up and drag these bones away," he said. "Even birds ofprey have been known to carry body parts away from a scene."...

NICHD Researchers Discover Gene For Major Brain Structure

... detail how thisgene acts and how its inactivation affects hippocampus assembly and function, headded. This work is part of a concerted effort to unravel molecular mechanismsthat underlie complex brain function, an effort currently under way in manylaboratories....

Dietary Supplements Could Put A Stop To A Royal Curse

...ate porphyria is caused by a genetic mutation that affects theefficiency of an enzyme called protoporphyrinogen oxidase found in themitochondria of cells. When this enzyme fails to work properly, excessprotoporphyrinogen spills out into the surrounding cell. Scientists aren't clearwhat happens next, but they...

New Key To Saving African Elephants

...s. Hoare and Du Toit studied how human settlement affects elephants in the nearly6,000-square mile Sebungwe region of northwestern Zimbabwe. About 40% of theland is protected and the rest is divided into three contiguous districts where people have been clearing the elephant'sdeciduous hardwood habitat fors...

First direct link found between bacteria in drinking water and stomach ulcers

...ri infectionsoccur each year. Peptic ulcer disease affects nearly 5 million people withtreatment costs exceeding $5 billion, not including indirect costs due to workand productivity loss. Approximately 16,000 deaths are attributed annually tocomplications of peptic ulcer disease....

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center performs first in vivo gene therapy for hemophilia A

...disorder that is transmitted genetically sothat it affects only males. Approximately 1 in 10,000 men has the disorder. Affected individuals carry a defect in the gene for the FVIII protein, whichhelps to clot blood. As a consequence, they cannot produce functional FVIII andfrequently may suffer bleeding ep...

Roundworm studies yield new insight into organ formation

...f in order to determine whether and how the enzyme affects organgrowth in those very different tissues. Such experiments may give further hintsof the enzyme's action and regulation, said Kimble. "Now that we know this enzyme activity can be used to manipulate organshapes, we would like to see how far we can...

Cystic fibrosis gene undetected in screening of infertile men

...s." Usually detected in childhood, cystic fibrosis affects about one in 2,000Canadians and is one of the most common hereditary diseases in North America.The study was funded by the National Institutes of Health, the Canadian CysticFibrosis Foundation, the Canadian Genetics Diseases Network and the CanadianU...

UCSF team identifies gene crucial to blood pressure regulation

...ypertension. High blood pressure, or hypertension, affects nearly 60 million American adultsand is a leading cause of kidney failure. If uncontrolled, it also can damagemajor organs, such as the heart, brain, and arteries. The gene, called sgk, mediates the effects of aldosterone, a key hormone forregulatin...

Newly discovered gene family may regulate important biological processes

...ell arrest in mutant mice occurs only in males and affects the earlieststages of sperm production, or meiosis. Because they know how the mutation affects male reproduction and they have nowfound Morc, they believe that other genes in the family may perfo...

Growth hormone involved in diabetic kidney disease, study finds

...y disease. Called diabeticnephropathy, the disease affects 10 percent to 21 percent of all people withdiabetes. Researchers at Ohio University induced Type I diabetes in normal miceand in mice in which the growth hormone receptor that binds the substance tocells had been genetically disrupted. ...

Cardiac surgery patients at higher risk

...idenceshowing that replenishing potassium actually affects outcomes, doctors shouldconsider this option on an individual case basis. There are other factors toconsider. Replenishment generally can take a week and there are often concernsin delaying a needed surgery. The procedure has to be done slowly so as ...

New unified dietary guidelines offer nutritional protection against wide range of killer diseases

...retard osteoporosis,the brittle-bones disease that affects millions of older women. Folate-richfoods are ess...emendous need for research into how thefood we eat affects our lifelong patterns of health and disease."...

UT Southwestern researchers find lever involved in ultrviolet-ray sensitivity

...lieve part of the secret lies in how theproteasome affects proteins. "It's useful to think of these proteins as machinescranking through the steps: The DNAis pulled apart into separate strands, cuts are made, and the damaged part istaken out. This process probably requires a change in the shape of the repair...

Weizmann researchers find evidence that links molecular mechanism to Huntington's Disease

...involuntary muscletwitches. It progresses until it affects the entire body, leading to mentaldeterioration and death. The latest research results may eventually lead to thedevelopment of new treatments for patients suffering from HD and similardiseases, by inhibiting TGase activity in their brains....

Gladstone/UCSF team discovers interaction of two brain proteins may be key factor in development of Alzheimer's disease

... is a disorder of the central nervous systems that affects some four millionAmericans and is the fourth leading cause of death among adults in the U.S. Itcauses progressive mental deterioration that culminates in dementia, robbingpeople of their ability to think and share thoughts with others. There is noc...

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(Date:12/17/2014)... -- Expectant parents should leave prenatal picture-taking to medical ... Use of ultrasound imaging and heartbeat monitors to get ... agency warns. "Although there is a lack ... and heartbeat monitors, prudent use of these devices by ... FDA biomedical engineer, said in an agency news release. ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... HealthDay Reporter , TUESDAY, Dec. 16, ... America, and work commitment is a big reason why, new ... said Dr. Mathias Basner, an assistant professor of sleep and ... of Medicine. A time-use survey of nearly 125,000 Americans, ... main activity exchanged for sleep. Short sleepers -- those who ...
(Date:12/15/2014)... 15, 2014 South Florida’s leading urgent care ... can be a daze of hassle, hustle, and bustle that ... decking halls, to burns when making special meals and heartburn ... can happen at any time. To prevent this season of ... made a list of helpful and healthful holiday tips to ...
(Date:12/15/2014)... News) -- Expert pilots process visual information more efficiently ... better decisions during landings, a new study shows. ... pilots to master, and 36 percent of all airplane ... final approach and landing. Researchers monitored the brain ... pilots while they were at the controls of a ...
(Date:12/15/2014)... 15, 2014 At the leading, long-established ... AutismOne and Focus Autism will welcome ... research on the effects of toxins to children’s health, ... information. , Luminaries such as Dr. Lucija Tomljenovic ... with esteemed, credentialed colleagues of the United States to ...
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