Tag: "aging" at biology news

NIH awards $1 million to Virginia Bioinformatics Institute to study biochemical network modeling

..., from bacteria to humans, that essentially causes aging and degeneration. According to a report by Laubenbacher and colleagues, "Yeast cells have evolved a variety of mechanisms to protect themselves from the damaging effect of oxidative stress." Since baker's yeast is safe, easy to culture and well st...

Organization for Human Brain Mapping 2003 Annual Meeting

...on perception, cognition, emotion, development and aging to clinical research on brain disorders such as schizophrenia and Alzheimer's Disease. In addition to 1600+ poster presentations, four member-initiated symposia, and six keynote lectures preceding paper platform sessions, the meeting will include a ...

UCR Plant cell biologists show that plants use unique mechanisms to process and degrade proteins

...udying changes that occur within plants during the aging process as well as those studying the role of vacu...rocesses that range from proper development during aging to stress and defense responses. This is an important discovery because it demonstrates a previously...

Gene therapy grows new auditory hair cells in mammals

...y neurons. He also plans to test the procedure in aging animals and in animals that are completely deaf. "This is just the beginning," Raphael says. "It is really just a proof of the principle to show that, with proper gene therapy, these non-sensory cells have the competence to become hair cells." The re...

Mouse model offers new explanation for kidney disease and failure

...e quickly removed and therefore undetectable. When aging or stress conditions elevate protein levels in mice without enough CD2AP, defects in the clearance mechanism may prevent proteins from adequately being cleared out. "It's generally thought that the presence of antibodies in the kidney indicates a pro...

Inner ear of chicken yields clues to human deafness and balance disorders

...de new insights into the causes of deafness due to aging and the loss of these essential cells. They also may help improve knowledge of how the inner ear develops. Ultimately, we hope our work will lead to some form of therapy that will replace these cells when they are lost, says lead investigator Michael...

Researchers discover common cause for aging and age-related disease

...y hit us in middle age or later? The links between aging and age-related diseases have proved elusive. In s... the first evidence in an animal of a link between aging and age-related disease. The molecules, called "small heat-shock proteins," are known to assemble in...

New study in rats matches genetic influences and cognitive impairment

...rats matching the activity of 146 genes with brain aging and impaired learning and memory produces a new picture of brain aging and cognitive impairment. The research, by scientists at the University of Kentucky, uses powerful ...

Columbia investigators win 2003 Gairdner International Award for research

... and is being explored in such clinical domains as aging and pre-surgical mapping. Also to receive a Gairdner International Award is Dr. Ralph M. Steinman, Henry G. Kunkel Professor and senior physician, Rockefeller University, New York. Dr. Steinman's research addresses the fundamental mechanisms of i...

What goes wrong in older eggs?

...rs devised a strategy with Drosophila to mimic the aging process that human eggs normally undergo. In humans, each female is born with all the eggs that will develop during her lifetime. As a woman ages, so do her eggs. Drosophila females, however, constantly produce and lay newly formed eggs. "We normall...

Study on worlds oldest monkeys may explain age-related mental decline, Scientists say

...l is hoping that more researchers will begin study aging in monkeys. Its absolutely remarkable to me that my lab is the only lab in the world studying higher brain function in old monkeys. Old monkeys are rare, but the world is full of old human primates, Leventhal said. Hopefully we can drum up a little i...

Five UCSF faculty scientists elected to National Academy of Sciences

...ng. The center supports research on the biology of aging as well as research programs in diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases and eye disorders. Robert Stroud seeks to understand molecular mechanisms of key biological processes, as well as the signaling between processes within the cell. His research foc...

Identification of gene gives hope to children with progeria; May shed light on phenomenon of aging

...tion characterized by an appearance of accelerated aging in children. "Isolating the Progeria gene is a m...eria, but also may shed light on the phenomenon of aging and cardiovascular disease." Children with Progeria die from complications of cardiovascular disease...

Researchers identify gene for premature aging disorder

...out the molecular basis of this model of premature aging may provide us with a better understanding of what...accelerated aging. The children appear to have an aging rate that is five to 10 times what is normal." Dr. Brown is widely regarded as the world's leading c...

Physical activity in the elderly ruled in part by genetics

...ihood that physical activity level regulation with aging is controlled, in part, by genetic factors. A N...e-related" decline in physical activity level with aging is due, in part, to genetic influences on physiological alterations. Future research will attempt t...

Study says: 'whey' to greater muscle strength is through training and protein supplements

...aining have important implications to athletes, an aging population and others that suffer from debilitating conditions that cause muscle wasting. A report on the findings of this study, "The Effect of Whey Isolate, Creatine and Resistance Training on Muscle Fiber Characteristics, Strength and Body Compos...

New research tool allows perimenopausal women to assess their ovulation status

...cts of exercise, smoking, weight, and reproductive aging on hormone patterns. The day-to-day patterns of s...cycling women may be less reliable as reproductive aging occurs. A New Study A team of physiologists sought to identify in a prospective fashion the char...

As harmful as osteoporosis but less well known - New research better explains sarcopenia

... physical function that is often observed over the aging process. The plasma concentration of interleukin-...ich IL-6 and IGF-I affect muscle function over the aging process....

Europes population has developed new tendency to shrink, Science study reports

...gested that governments concerned about population aging and the potential for population decline could con...ferent policy options are out there for addressing aging and the possibility of population decline, one that has not been considered before is that there may...

The hormone ethylene is necessary for plant resistance

...lant hormone already known to play a role in plant aging and fruit ripening. Bart Geraats from Utrecht University demonstrated that plants which are insensitive for the hormone ethylene are hypersensitive to various microorganisms. The research implies that farmers and horticulturalists must be careful wi...

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