Tag: "alcohol" at biology news
A liking for sweets, combined with novelty seeking, may predict alcoholism
... novelty seeking causes early experimentation with alcohol
and, as a result, higher lifetime rates of heavy drinking, alcohol
abuse and dependence. In the past, there were several attempts to use novelty seeking as a predicto...
University of Pittsburgh receives $10 million grant for head and neck cancer
...c markers for head and neck cancer and tobacco and alcohol
use. "Eighty percent of head and neck cancer patients are smokers, chew tobacco and consume large amounts of alcohol," said Dr. Romkes. "If we can determine who among this population will most likely develop cancer, we can screen and treat them ear...
Stanford researcher's findings may shed light on common, deadly birth defect
...not known exactly what causes HPE, overexposure to alcohol
or other chemicals during early development has been implicated. There's also a genetic component: children with HPE routinely crop up in some families, although the severity of symptoms within a family can vary widely. This mishmash of possible caus...
Alcohol-use and depression among pregnant and postpartum women
... their pregnancy may be at risk for depression and alcohol
use during their first postpartum year. Alcohol-u... their pregnancy may be at risk for depression and alcohol
use during their first postpartum year. "Individuals suffering from depression may experience change...
Genes can influence both alcohol consumption and dependence
Alcohol consumption and alcohol
dependence are closely related, but the causes o...arch has found that variation in long-term average alcohol
intake is almost entirely due to genetic differences. Some genes affect both alcohol
intake and depe...
Infant rats eagerly accept high concentrations of alcohol upon first exposure
Early exposure to alcohol
is believed to enhance the risk of alcohol
use and/or abuse later in life. Research shows that infant rats are eager to accept high concentrat...
Ancient brewery discovered on mountaintop in Peru
...ntained the sugary mass that would be converted to alcohol
in the fermentation stage. From these boiling vats, the liquid would be transferred to fermenting jars where it was converted into chichi in about 5-7 days. In the brewery, researchers also found large deposits of used seeds from the Peruvian pepper ...
Heat and exercise alone may not determine how much we sweat
...or metabolic diseases. The subjects refrained from alcohol
and stimulants such as caffeine for 24 hours before testing. Each subject performed the following exercise protocol on separate days, with each bout being separated from the prior bout by at least 48 hours: The subjects lay face up (supine) at the r...
Acamprosate: potential medication for treating alcoholism
...r behave differently over and above the effects of alcohol
alone. As scientists and clinicians learn more about the changes in brain chemistry that chronic alcohol
use can cause, the pharmacotherapy of alcoholism has become increasingly relevant for the treatment ...
Italian research links diet with endometriosis risk
...ids in the Italian diet. We also asked about their alcohol
and coffee consumption. "We divided their intake ...arrots, cheese, fish, whole-grain foods, coffee or alcohol
and no association with butter, margarine or oil. Dr Parazzini said there were some limitations in ...
OHSU scientists find gene influencing drug withdrawal
...ndence and withdrawal from sedative-hypnotics like alcohol
and barbiturates. During the four-year search, the... The discovery also is more evidence that drug and alcohol
dependency is genetically determined. Previous OHSU studies have shown that genetics greatly influen...
Croatian skeletons reveal changing status of cancer in Europe across the centuries
...ar exercise and by encouraging people not to drink alcohol
Antioxidants during pregnancy may help prevent birth defects tied to alcohol
CHAPEL HILL -- Pregnant women who abuse alcohol
may reduce the risk of birth defects in their babi... pregnant mother at the same time she's exposed to alcohol
can diminish the incidence of major malformations," said Dr. Kathleen K. Sulik, professor of cell an...
Drunken worms reveal a genetic basis of alcohol response
...xposing populations of the roundworm C. elegans to alcohol
and pinpointing subtle genetic differences among s... researchers have identified one gene that affects alcohol
sensitivity. In an article in the June 10, 2004, issue of Neuron, Andrew Davies and his colle...
Gene linked to alcoholism
...linois at Chicago have discovered a gene linked to alcohol
dependency. Laboratory mice deficient in the gene ...Y correlate with symptoms of anxiety and excessive alcohol
consumption, the scientists showed in a previous study. In the present study, mice that had only one...
Moderate alcohol consumption increases plasma levels of a protective hormone
consumption is believed to have protective cardiov...te (DHEAS), testosterone and estradiol. Moderate alcohol
consumption appears to increase plasma DHEAS levels for both men and women. Moderate alcohol
Researchers find no link between alcohol consumption during pregnancy and asthma during childhood
...ines if those children born to mothers who consume alcohol
during pregnancy have a greater risk of hospitaliz...r asthma. Findings indicate no causal link between alcohol
consumption during pregnancy and asthma during childhood. Asthma is a major public health problem t...
Nonalcoholic beverages may impart cardiovascular benefits without the negative effects of alcohol
...esearch on the cardiovascular benefits of moderate alcohol
consumption has shown that alcohol's protective ef...everages on cardiovascular disorders is not due to alcohol
alone but also, at least in part, to other so-called confounding factors such as resveratrol, a comp...
Gene therapy reduces drinking in rats with genetic predisposition to 'alcoholism'
...ng in rats with a genetic predisposition for heavy alcohol
consumption. The findings, along with additional r...ur understanding of the mechanism or mechanisms of alcohol
addiction and strengthen our hope that this treatment approach might one day help people addicted to...
Alcoholism risk linked to gene involved in brain chemistry
...o be involved with some of the body's responses to alcohol
consumption, such as loss of physical coordination, effect on mood, and alcohol
withdrawal symptoms. Alcoholism, which affects nearly 14 million Americans and can cause many socia...
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