Tag: "alcoholics" at biology news
Researchers find new genetic influences on alcohol metabolism
...cine. "The drug Antabuse or disulfiram is used in alcoholics
to inhibit aldehyde dehydrogenase, thereby achieving elevated levels of acetaldehyde, and thus deter these individuals from drinking," he said. "In short, about half of all Asians have a genetic deterrent to drinking, while Occidentals have to do it...
Exploring the genetic commonality of alcohol and tobacco abuse
...he last several decades, the rate of smoking among alcoholics
has remained at approximately 90 percent, a rate w...Medium and Sally Average have known for years that alcoholics
are smokers. Yet this 'common knowledge' has been, by and large, ignored by the scientific communit...
Women who marry alcoholics
Women who marry alcoholics
may have unique characteristics that influence the...mental Research examines women who are married to alcoholics
to determine if they possess unique characteristics that may influence their partners' AUDs and/or h...
Linking alcohol drinking patterns to specific genes
...ines drinking patterns and related behaviors among alcoholics
and nonalcoholics. A gene on chromosome 1 may be r...ines drinking patterns and related behaviors among alcoholics
and nonalcoholics in order to develop quantitative phenotypes, which are subsequently examined for g...
Mouse model links alcohol intake to marijuana-like brain compounds
...s, in that only some teenage binge drinkers become alcoholics
as adults, and that the onset of alcoholism declines with age." The researchers found a possible explanation for this phenomenon by comparing the efficiency of the signal sent by the CB1 receptors in different regions of the brain in young and old mi...
Alcohol abuse may increase susceptibility to HIV infection
...y relevant issues concerning the susceptibility of alcoholics
to acquiring HIV infection and the effect of alcohol on the rate of HIV-disease progression in alcoholics." Bagby and his co-authors intend to continue studying the effects of alcohol on HIV disease transmission, pathogenesis, progression, and therap...
Chronic alcohol abuse damages regulating hormones
...uences, however, are clear. "The hospital stay of alcoholics
is prolonged compared with that of non-alcoholics,... (AWS), developed by approximately half of chronic alcoholics
during their hospital stay. The majority of the patients who develop AWS have hallucinations or del...
Researchers find three chromosomal areas with links to alcoholism vulnerability
...students," he said. "None of these young men were alcoholics
when they were tested. Many years later, however,...e to a drink of alcohol were more likely to become alcoholics
in the future. Therefore, it seems that a diminished response to alcohol appears to predict the dev...
Women who drink may be at greater risk of cardiovascular complications than men
...rdiomyopathy, arrhythmia, and stroke. Some female alcoholics
experience more severe cardiovascular effects from...& Experimental Research confirms that some female alcoholics
experience more severe cardiovascular effects from heavy alcohol drinking than those observed in mal...
Adult alcoholism and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder are connected
...ADHD is five to 10 times more frequent among adult alcoholics
than among the normal population. Investigation of...ubjects with ADHD." Researchers examined 314 adult alcoholics
(262 males, 52 females) as well as 220 unrelated healthy control subjects, all of German descent. E...
A sweet tooth may be a 'marker' for the genetic risk for developing alcoholism
...tagonists such as Naltrexone TM are prescribed to alcoholics
to reduce their drinking. We believe that children of alcoholics
have a genetic abnormality of the brain opioid system, which leads to an increased sensitivity to th...
Alcoholics with antisocial personality disorder have blunted emotional reactivity
...ant events. New research has found that adult male alcoholics
with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) have a...at the blunted responses found in this subgroup of alcoholics
may be related to poor inhibitory abilities, which may, in turn, facilitate the development of alcoh...
Rodents bred for alcohol preference live longer than rats bred for alcohol avoidance
...y point of view. Children born to parents who are alcoholics
should have been less likely to survive and reproduce. Tribes in which many of the elders have developed alcoholism should have been less adept at raising children who survive and reproduce. If this is true, why hasn't evolution removed those genes...
Alcohol consumption can damage hearing
...author of the study. For example, she said, some alcoholics
lose white matter, which can lead to overall brain...ceruleus. "Many of the regions that are normal in alcoholics
are damaged in those who have developed the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome," she added. "While documen...
Specifying alcohol-related brain-damage among heavy social drinkers
...elated to alcohol has been gathered from abstinent alcoholics
during or after treatment. New research uses magne... drink) or many months into abstinence. Abstinent alcoholics
during or following treatment, however, may represent a different population than heavy drinkers rec...
Gene linked to alcoholism
... not uncommon in humans. "Some 30 to 70 percent of alcoholics
are reported to suffer from anxiety and depression. Drinking is a way for these individuals to self-medicate," Pandey said. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, an estimated 14 million Americans suffer from alcohol pr...
Antioxidants during pregnancy may help prevent birth defects tied to alcohol
... people with alcoholism."The nutritional status of alcoholics
isn't the best. People who are alcoholic by definition can't control their drinking and often cannot quit drinking during pregnancy. "And so the practical point of this paper is that perhaps we can diminish some of the problems that might e...
A liking for sweets, combined with novelty seeking, may predict alcoholism
... an individual sweet likers were found among both alcoholics
and non-alcoholic patients. Only a combination of...lcohol are related to brain function. Children of alcoholics
are reported to have a heritable dysfunction of the brain reward system that makes them super sensit...
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