Tag: "alternate" at biology news

Indiana University, EPA to study airborne PCBs

...e semi-volatile, which means the toxins can easily alternate between liquid and gaseous states. Hites and other environmental scientists have found that some of these airborne PCBs waft toward the Great Lakes and dissolve into them. "Input from the air is one of the main ways that these chemicals can get into ...

March of Dimes statement on newborn screening report

... It must be noted that various organizations have alternate ways of classifying and counting many of these disorders and may have different number totals for these same conditions. We will urge states to inform all parents prospectively about the potential benefits and availability of comprehensive new...

Protein is key to fatal disorder and normal cell function

...roid lipofuscinosis [Batten disease] by finding an alternate route for delivery of GalCer to the cell surface," Boustany said. GalCer also interacts with the AIDS virus and beta amyloid, the protein responsible for Alzheimer's disease, and prionic proteins that cause human Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease and bovine ...

Rare deficit maps thinking circuitry

...Incorporating motion into stimuli might provide an alternate route and circumvent the problem by engaging temporal lobe circuitry."...

Molecular motor myosin VI moves 'hand over hand,' researchers say

... is the hand-over-hand model in which the two arms alternate in the lead. The other model is the inchworm model in which one arm always leads." To examine the myosin VI stepping mechanism, the researchers applied the same technique that was used to study both myosin V and kinesin. Called FIONA -- Fluorescenc...

Probing the surface of white blood cells to enhance immune system medicine

...hat microvilli are dynamic structures that rapidly alternate between states of assembly and disassembly. This means that if researchers were able to biochemically dissect mechanisms by which microvilli assemble and segregate, they would be able to use this knowledge to develop immunosuppressive or anti-metast...

Where the sage-grouse roam

...ion. "Economic and social ramifications of alternate management priorities in sagebrush ecosystems" will be presented by John Tanaka (Oregon State University, Union). The project is a collaborative effort between Tanaka, L. Torrel (New Mexico State University), Neil Rimbey (University of Idaho, Caldwel...

Lake research offers clues to managing crayfish invasions

... The preliminary findings, says Roth, suggest that alternate states of rusty crayfish abundance exist among lak...ng the plant life that protects fish. "That these alternate states exist gives us some hope that we might be able to take lakes infested by rusty crayfish and f...

$6 million appropriation to focus Sandia research on drinking water desalination, removal of arsenic

...htower says. "For that reason it is important that alternate ways to power these processes be developed." The Tularosa Basin in south-central New Mexico was selected as the desalination facility location because it contains a range of brackish water - from almost fresh to twice as salty as sea water, all withi...

Male susceptibility to disease may play role in evolution of insect societies

...se they are haploid, Hymenopteran males can't have alternate forms of any genes, or in other words, individual males have no genetic variability. This, O'Donnell and Beshers contend, puts males at a higher susceptibility to disease. The researchers, who are trying to understand the basis of social behavior ...

Learned social preference in zebrafish

... other fish of their own color or with fish of the alternate color. When subject fish were later allowed to choose which color of fish to associate with, they greatly preferred whichever color pattern they had been raised with, irrespective of their own color. This learned social preference could have enormous...

Protein may reduce susceptibility to autoimmune disease

...ndent CTLA-4 (liCTLA-4) because low levels of this alternate form of CTLA-4 have been associated with autoimmun...instead due to subtle differences in the amount of alternate forms of the gene that are expressed." Lalitha Vijayakrishnan, Jacqueline M. Slavik, Zsolt Ills, Re...

Catastrophic shift in species diversity and productivity of an ecosystem

...ppened because the ecosystem became locked into an alternate stable state in which herbivores were incapable of suppressing the now highly productive, competitively dominant plant. The study provides a cautionary tale that ecosystem management which alters predator abundances even slightly may cause dramatic a...

Virginia Center for Coal and Energy Research helps implement global climate change initiative

... and has been appointed the Governor of Virginia's alternate on the Southern States Energy Board. In addition, Virginia Tech's team includes Steven Schafrik , research associate at the VCCER ( http://www.energy.vt.edu/ ), Nino Ripepi, graduate research assistant at the VCCER, Carl Zipper and John Galbraith, fa...

Protein-centric drug development and functional glycomics enrich biopharmaceuticals pipeline

...equilibrium." This creates an urgent need for alternate manufacturing media such as transgenic plants and animals, besides the mammalian and microbial and fungal cell culture systems. Fungal cell lines provide considerable time and cost benefits over mammalian cell lines. For instance, the latter p...

Researchers identify a new form of disease gene associated with Rett syndrome

... University of Toronto (U of T) have identified an alternate form of the disease gene and protein for the neuro...t U of T. "Our discovery suggests that a defective alternate form of the MECP2 gene causes Rett syndrome." The protein produced by the new alternate gene is diff...

Researchers discover an alternate form for the disease gene associated with Rett syndrome

...Toronto. "Our discovery suggests that a defective alternate form of the MECP2 gene causes Rett syndrome." While there are 3,000 known cases of Rett Syndrome in the United States which predominantly strikes only girls, the disorder is genetically linked to more widespread neurological disorders such as autis...

Researchers confirm novel form of the Rett syndrome protein

...discovered a novel form of the protein MeCP2. This alternate form, coined MeCP2 alpha, differs from the origina...exons into different configurations genes can make alternate forms of a protein. The novel form of the MeCP2 protein shares exons three and four with the origina...

Researchers discover novel form of the Rett Syndrome protein

...exons into different configurations genes can make alternate forms of a protein. The novel form of the MeCP2 pr...There is no cure. "It is most intriguing that the alternate MeCP2 protein is more abundant in the brain. Understanding its function and how it relates to the sy...

Proteomics and alcoholism research

... study are involved in neurochemical pathways. An alternate proteomic approach is to study as many proteins as can be separated by a technique such as 2D gel electrophoresis and identified through mass spectrometry. This approach does not select any candidate protein in advance, rather, this approach incorpo...

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(Date:10/25/2014)... By Steven Reinberg ... -- The virus that causes common cold sores -- herpes ... studies by Swedish researchers suggest. In fact, being a ... risk of Alzheimer,s disease, the researchers found. "The ... common dementia disorder is a breakthrough," said lead researcher Dr. ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... -- Researchers who discovered antibiotics in farmed and ... concern. The use of antibiotics in animals, ... contribute to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria that ... the study. Each year in the United ... and kill about 23,000, according to the Infectious ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... Current osteoporosis screening guidelines and tools fail to ... osteoporosis-related fractures, a new study says. "If ... that help us accurately predict who will suffer ... these at-risk people for preventive measures," study author ... division of general internal medicine and health services ...
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