Tag: "athletes" at biology news
New shoes for speed freaks
...shing first or twenty-second," says Nigg. "We have athletes
that have tuned spiked shoes at the Olympics. We think we will see some world records." The new shoes emerged from research into the damaging effects of vibrations on the body. Studies of drivers and people working machinery revealed that long-term ...
Marathon runners, swimmers, and cross-country skiers beware: intensive exercise is bad for your lungs
...ften say. Yet this is one piece of advice many top athletes
must wish they never listened to, as there is no l...-ranging survey conducted in Norway among 1600 top athletes
by the Norwegian University of Sport and Physical Education showed recently just how widespread the ...
New study suggests honey can boost endurance performance in athletes
... the quest for that "extra advantage," endurance athletes
at all levels turn to bioavailable carbohydrate sources, such as the many "sports gels" on the market, to fuel strenuous exercise. "Numerous studies have singled out carbohydrates as a critical nutrient in endurance exercise. Most of the stud...
Researchers study muscle cell damage that occurs when astronauts return from space
...s. Dr. McNeil suspects that the muscle soreness athletes
experience is probably a consequence of this tearing; that tearing triggers an inflammatory response directly responsible for the pain. Excessive cell tearing also is a factor in the progressive, debilitating disease Duchenne's muscular dystrophy, he...
APS August/September journal hot picks
...ccomplished, but not elite, runners. Whether elite athletes
achieve similar performance gains has been unclear...A Track and Field National Championships, when the athletes
were close to their season's fitness peak. Conclusions: One-third of the athletes
achieved personal ...
Honey shines in athletic research, has scientific community abuzz
...f honey would be a good source of carbohydrate for athletes
in comparison to other forms of carbohydrate. Hone...t honey is an effective carbohydrate for endurance athletes
and resulted in media attention from around the world. "Our first study suggested honey could operat...
Tufts University researchers engineer first 'custom-made' human knee ligaments from adult stem cells
...o just weeks--rather than months--for professional athletes
and sports enthusiasts compared with current surge...ent studies show that female soccer and basketball athletes
are three- to four-times more likely to injure their ACL than males. According to Richmond, who is ...
Findings conclude sustained caffeine intake negates the benefits of creatine supplements
...d conserving muscle glycogen. Creatine is used by athletes
to increase lean body mass and improve performance...letes. According to a recent survey, 28 percent of athletes
in an NCAA Division IA program reported using creatine. The creatine that is normally present in hum...
Stanford scientist seeks participants in NASA hypergravity study
...ghts into treating motion sickness - and even help athletes
improve their performance. ``Perhaps if they train in hypergravity, athletes
will feel more comfortable lifting weights or running around the track at normal gravity,`` Cohen ex...
Tallahassee chemist wins national award for 'weighing' mixtures
... range from detecting performance drugs in Olympic athletes
to determining the age of meteorites. Marshall took mass spec to new levels of accuracy in 1973 by inventing a way to view the whole spectrum at once rather than one wavelength at a time. Many researchers have since adapted his technique for their ow...
Study suggests mechanism for heart defect that kills young athletes
The most common cause of sudden death in young athletes
a heart condition known as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can develop from a single genetic mutation that disrupts at least two other genes, interfering with the normal beating of the heart, UCSF-led research suggests. All three genes encode contracti...
High protein diets cause dehydration, even in trained atheletes
...y comparing the hydration status of five endurance athletes
as they consumed low, moderate, and high amounts o... and 246 for the high protein diet. Although these athletes
were not trying to lose weight, the high protein diet they consumed was roughly 30 percent of total ...
New physical activity opinion survey demonstrates perceptions do not meet reality
...active, followed by parents (18%) and professional athletes
(11%). Few felt that teachers (5%), their doctor (4%) or celebrities (3%) would help them to be more active. Adults feel their job performance is positively affected by being more fit because it gives them more energy, greater mental alertn...
Ways to reduce death in schools focus of National Center for Early Defibrillation forum
...at one out of every 100,000 to 300,000 high school athletes
will die from sudden cardiac death each year. The ...le. The cause of sudden death in young competitive athletes
varies, but most result from an undiagnosed congenital heart abnormality, which tragically provides ...
Supplements that increase the effects of resistance exercise identified
...ars to be widespread among both serious and casual athletes
with a multitude of specific formulas offered. Scientific support for specific "hyper" nutrition to aid muscle growth has been periodically claimed; however, any support for the use of these nutrients is usually nonquantitative and often unsystematic...
Modern blood vessel measurements test belief that magnetic fields can influence blood flow
...ressive marketing strategies that use professional athletes
to promote the healing effects of magnetic therapy products. Supporters of this alternative medicine cite anecdotal evidence that this treatment is effective; however, scientific evidence supporting the efficacy of magnetic therapy is somewhat lacki...
Study says: 'whey' to greater muscle strength is through training and protein supplements
...rofessional, collegiate, amateur, and recreational athletes
combine it with creatine to supplement resistance training, with the expectation of improving gains in strength and muscle mass. The "it," of course, is whey. Whey is a naturally occurring dairy protein found in bovine milk. Whey isolate, the highes...
Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Disease
...that is the leading cause of sudden death in young athletes
and is more common in women than men. Sue Ann Thompson, president of the Wisconsin Women's Health Foundation, opened the meeting as a special guest speaker. The scientific meeting was held as a satellite symposium of the International Society for He...
Steroid use causes long-term agression, NU report indicates
...Based on this research, Melloni also believes that athletes
who abuse steroids may also be inclined toward aggressive behavior long after their drug abuse and musculature have waned....
The Hunter's Breath tells a story of adventure and discovery in Antarctica
...es in the ice. Weddell seals are among the extreme athletes
of the animal world, descending from their breathing holes to search out, stalk, chase, catch, kill, and eat their prey before returning to the surface to breathe again. Physiological measurements of diving seals enabled Williams to calculate...
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