Tag: "baby" at biology news
New strategies against disease revealed as scientists probe genes' tasks
... or Spinal Muscular Atrophy (also known as "floppy baby
syndrome"), according to Hoffman. Hoffman is also studying a group of people who are likely to develop type 2 diabetes. As the test subjects do special exercise regimens and then "detrain," returning to their pre-workout conditions, Hoffman is studyi...
Drug tested for HIV prevention in Baltimore
... an HIV-infected mother will pass the virus to her baby
during childbirth. The new study tested the safety of three different doses of nevirapine all just a fraction of the treatment dose in 33 people at high risk of contracting HIV because of sexual practices or injection drug use. No serious ad...
BIDMC researchers identify source of preeclampsia
...management we can offer patients is to deliver the baby
and the placenta, which can result in the infant being born prematurely." As a result, preeclampsia is one of the leading causes of maternal and infant mortality in developing countries. In a normal pregnancy, the developing fetus signals the mother...
Researchers find blacks also have telltale protein but higher in osteoarthritis patients and men
...some form of arthritis within the next 20 years as baby
boomers age. Jordan leads the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Institutes of Health-funded Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project. That unique research involves more than 3,000 volunteers and is the largest study ever done of a...
Dinosaur, crab fossils reveal ecosystem secrets
...Smith speculates that it is possible that small or baby
dinosaurs might have fed on the crabs, but said sp... finding at the site is a predator. I could see a baby
Spinosaurus picking up mangrove crabs, but it's all speculation because we have no solid proof of wh...
Europes population has developed new tendency to shrink, Science study reports
...red around the male life course with no room for a baby
break. This male-oriented career pattern needs to be changed." "In thinking about what different policy options are out there for addressing aging and the possibility of population decline, one that has not been considered before is that there may b...
Component in plastic bottles found to cause abnormal pregnancies in mice
...of common plastic food and beverage containers and baby
bottles interfere with cell division in the eggs of female mice. The disruption of cell division can result in an abnormal number of chromosomes in the eggs, a condition known as aneuploidy, which is the leading cause of mental retardation and birth...
Mother-infant bed sharing is associated with an increase in infant heart rate
...t of parents reported sharing their bed with their baby
in 2000, up from 5.5 percent in 1993. Almost half of parents said their infant spent at least some time sleeping on an adult bed during the previous two weeks, and 20 percent of parents said their infant slept with them in an adult bed more than hal...
Prenatal exposure to nicotine increases risk of apnea in brains of newborn rats
...between the ages of two and four months, while the baby
is sleeping. SIDS deaths usually are attributed to apnea or the cessation of breathing and the failure of the infant to self-resuscitate or resume breathing. Smoking during pregnancy has been found to increase the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrom...
Scientists discover unique source of stem cells
...hter, Julia, asked for help in pulling out a loose baby
tooth. "Once it was out, we sat and looked carefully at the tooth," recalled Shi, a pediatric dentist. "I said, 'Wait a minute, there is some red colored tissue inside of the tooth,' so I took the tooth to my laboratory the next day and examined it...
Premature birth linked to lack of nutrition before pregnancy: study
...n maturing organ systems like the lungs, which the baby
needs to breathe air once it's been born. If there...lopment of the pituitary and adrenal glands of the baby
and may well affect the development of other organ systems. So if you're intending to get pregnant, ...
Researchers discover method of predicting drug resistance in hepatitis-B patients
...ures on the job, or from an infected mother to her baby
during birth. The highest rate of HBV occurs in 20-49-year-olds, and death from chronic liver disease occurs in 15-25% of chronically infected persons. The HBV vaccine is the best protection against HBV, which is now routinely administered to infant...
A new mechanism that triggers autoimmune disease
...onse by T-cells, which attacked the ovaries of the baby
mice. Eighty to 90 percent of the baby
mice had ovarian destruction or inflammation in the study, an indication of autoimmune disease. ...
Seal pups recognize mother's voices within days of birth
...ut the constraint is not the same since mother and baby
are always together," she said. "With fur pups, that recognition is vital since separation occurs immediately and frequently."...
Wake Forest researcher identifies syndrome as leading cause of death in premature infants
... suggests an answer to the question, 'Why did this baby
die?' to parents and physicians who look for under...vastating diseases. The ultimate goal is a healthy baby
and more productive member of society." ...
Pregnant African American teens need more calcium for healthy fetal bone development
...tition for calcium between the teenage mom and her baby
may influence fetal skeletal consolidation. "The femur is the longest and fastest growing bone in the fetus. Its length is typically measured during routine fetal sonograms and is a good indicator of overall bone development," said principal investig...
Public knows no more about genetics than in 1990, U-M study shows
...it can be used during pregnancy to find out if the baby
or fetus will develop certain diseases; and whethe... would want to have prenatal testing to see if the baby
had any serious genetic defects. But attitudes toward abortion in case of fetal defect changed consi...
Putting genes in a pill
...ia in two French children beingtreated for "Bubble baby
syndrome." When the lipid/DNA globule is taken up by a cell, it's moved to anacid-filled compartment called the endosome. A key step, Nantz said,is to engineer lipids that can get the DNA out of the endosome andinto the cell nucleus where most of the...
Finicky snails provide new clues to the evolution of coastal ecosystems
...vior? To find out, the scientists decided to raise baby
whelks in the lab using egg capsules Sanford had collected from eight sites in California, Oregon and Washington. ''Once the juvenile snails hatched from their capsules, we raised them on a common diet of bay mussels until they reached adult size abo...
Equine cloning may shed light on human cancer causes
...Woods said. "We produced 19 pregnancies; the first baby
has been born, and two more pregnancies are in the advanced stages." The team concluded that the increase in calcium within the implanted clone cells directly impacted the speed of cell division. Understanding the role of calcium in equine cell activ...
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