Tag: "beer" at biology news

Imported fitness

...s since the 1970's. Barley is the raw material for beer and whiskey production. The mlo-resistant cultivars have proved valuable in agriculture for over thirty years, reducing the need for agro-chemical fungicide treatment. The mystery underlying this mildew resistance strategy was disclosed when the res...

Ancient brewery discovered on mountaintop in Peru

...ed to make chicha, a fermented beverage similar to beer that played an important role in ritual feasting a... in preparing chicha. Like the mash created in the beer brewing process, the boiling vats contained the sugary mass that would be converted to alcohol in th...

Moderate alcohol consumption increases plasma levels of a protective hormone

...ng, and moderate drinkers consumed either regular beer or nonalcoholic beer with dinner during two successive periods of three weeks. During the period of beer consumption, th...

Nonalcoholic beverages may impart cardiovascular benefits without the negative effects of alcohol

...ew research examines the effects that nonalcoholic beer may have on blood coagulation and platelet functio... Experimental Research indicate that nonalcoholic beer may also be able to impart cardiovascular benefits without the negative effects of alcohol, by inhib...

A history of beer and brewing

... which some ancient civilizations went about their beer production. There have also been some highly inno...he book is aimed at a wide readership particularly beer enthusiasts. However the use of original quotations and references associated with them should enabl...

On tap: Genomic sequence of an enemy of beer and bread

...g the DNA of a grain fungus that wreaks havoc with beer brewing. The genomic sequence of the fungal plant ...and animal health. F. graminearum also is a pox to beer producers. Malting creates a fungus friendly environment, and barley infected with the fungus produc...

Pathogenic yeasts and fungi: A growing health concern

... cerevisiae (baker's yeast). Used in bread baking, beer brewing and wine fermentation, Saccharomyces has appeared more often in immunocompromised patients, raising several questions about its origin, survival and virulence in humans. In their study, which appeared in the Feb. 14 Proceedings of the Nation...

Powered by your liquor cabinet, 'biofuel cell' could replace rechargeable batteries

...n their cells with vodka, gin, white wine and flat beer ("The fuel cell didn't like the carbonation," Minteer says). While consumer applications are still a few years off, "these results show the applicability of biofuel cell technology and help move the research from a purely academic endeavor to a more...

Scientists develop 'super peptide' that kills Candida albicans

...simple, single-celled organism crucial for brewing beer and baking bread, C. albicans is a common inhabitant of healthy humans that causes numerous fungal infections including thrush, diaper rash, esophagitis and infections in women. It is common in hospital settings and this simple fungus can be deadly ...

New study ties moderate beer drinking to lower heart attack risk

A beer a day may help keep heart attacks away, according ... disease, the researchers showed that drinking one beer (12 ounces) a day for a month produced changes in blood chemistry that are associated with a reduced...

New thoughts on evolution arise from UH yeast study

...t biotechnology and fermentation processes used in beer and wine-making. "Most models of speciation require gradual change over a very long period of time, and geographic or ecological isolation for a new species to arise," says University of Houston biologist Michael Travisano. "Our study suggests tha...

If you booze, you lose: Even small amount of alcohol affects driving skills

... be reached in as little as 1-2 beers, or just one beer for a 120-pound woman. "Our tests showed that at .04, again one-half the level of legal intoxication, drivers had trouble with such skills as skid control, crash simulation and other maneuvering tests through stationary cones," Dennis adds. The d...

Enzyme discovery to benefit homeland security, industry

...e natural enzymes to produce items such as cheese, beer and soft drinks, while the biomedical industry uses them to manufacture drugs. Enzymes, which are proteins found in all organisms from humans to viruses, function as catalysts. Increasing an enzyme's activity - while enhancing enzyme stability - co...

Chemistry of tanning

...reaction, better known to food chemists for making beer golden brown. Proteins in our skin interact with sugars to create brown or golden-brown compounds. DHA doesn't penetrate further than the outermost, dead layer of skin. Making sense of sunscreens : From moisturizers to lipsticks, sales of personal ...

Yeast underscores complexity of genetic variation between people

...simple, single-celled organism crucial for brewing beer and baking bread - as a model to study trait inheritance and the genetics of complex conditions and characteristics at the most basic, molecular level. Fred Hutchinson geneticist Leonid Kruglyak, Ph.D., and colleagues will report their findings in th...

Single enzyme may be linked to obesity

...re drug development to curb visceral obesity the beer belly fat concentrated in the abdomen. Hundreds of studies have led to the conclusion that any fat can be problematic, but its much, much more dangerous when its accumulated in the abdomen, notes lead author Jeffrey S. Flier, M.D., an endocrinologis...

Flower chemicals attract some insects but deter others with toxic warning

...e female flowers of the commercial hop, which give beer its bitter flavor and also protect against pathogenic microorganisms, Eisner says. "If your beer is safe and enjoyable to drink, you ought to thank a flower." Also participating in the Cornell stud...

Black raspberries show multiple defenses in thwarting cancer

... cured meats, tobacco products, beer and certain industrial products. Rats in the study received NMBA and their diet in a variety of combinations. Some rats were fed a regular diet without raspberries, whil...

UI researchers and colleagues identify genetic changes in bacterial biofilms

...ively charged molecules are used in disinfectants beer glasses in bars are usually cleaned with a disinfectant containing some type of quaternary ammonium compound. "This pump that is turned on in tobramycin-treated biofilms is already known to be a resistance mechanism for other charged antimicrobials,"...

Report: Proteins can be engineered as widely adaptable 'bioelectronic' sensors

...ct glucose in blood serum and the sugar maltose in beer showing that such proteins can pick specific mole...uld specifically measure maltose concentrations in beer and glucose concentrations in human blood serum. "We believe that these experiments in real-life mi...

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