Tag: "begin" at biology news

Leader in cancer treatment and prevention research honored

...earch. He is among the first in cancer research to begin studying in the laboratory those basic chemical agents and nutrients with the potential to treat or prevent cancer, and then to take them through pharmacological development and on to clinical trials in patients. "Dr. Alberts is a true pioneer in tr...

Cigarette smoke causes breaks in DNA and defects to a cell's chromosomes, Pitt study finds

...g against smoking will get everyone to stop or not begin to smoke in the first place. So, perhaps one long-term goal should be to develop cigarettes that somehow prevent what we've seen happen to the cells in our lab," remarked Dr. Saunders. In addition to Drs. Luo and Saunders, other authors of the abstr...

Scientists to prototype cyberinfrastructure for research and education access to ocean observatories

...of-of-concept testbed for cabled observatories, to begin construction in 2005, led by the Monterey Bay Aqua...s shallow-water equivalent of the MARS testbed, to begin construction in late 2004, led by the University of Victoria; and NEPTUNE (North East Pacifi...

Phase II trials of second-generation antisense cancer drug planned following successful early study

... cancer. Phase II breast and prostate studies will begin near the end of the year, and a Phase I lung cancer trial started this month. The trials will recruit around 40 to 50 patients each and accrual should be complete in around six to 12 months, with results soon after that. "Of course, it is still early...

UCSF scientist Joe Derisi named MaCarthur Fellow

...ease in 20 percent of cases.) He also is hoping to begin using the tool with neurologist Stephen Hauser, MD, to examine multiple sclerosis, which is believed to have a viral component in some cases. Funding for developing this microarray and carrying out the ongoing respiratory studies is...

Agronomy, crop, and soil science societies to meet Oct. 31 to Nov. 4 in Seattle

...org/anmeet/search/ The Annual Meetings activities begin Sunday, Oct. 31 with the popular Plenary Session at 7pm featuring Mark Drabenstott, Center for the Study of Rural America, Federal Reserve Bank, who will present, "Trends for Agriculture and Rural America." On Tuesday, Nov. 2, Wendell Berry, farmer, ...

Keep genome data freely accessible

...ble to all, allowed scientists around the world to begin studying this virus and its pathogenicity, led to the development of vaccine candidates and diagnostic tests, and helped guide the antiviral drug research. "Unfettered, free access to the results of life-science research . . . has served science and ...

Cannabis may help combat cancer-causing herpes viruses

...within white blood cells before they burst out and begin replicating. This reactivation of the virus boosts the number of cells infected thereby increasing the chances that the cells will become cancerous. The USF team, led by virologist Peter Medveczky, MD, found that this sudden reactivation was prevent...

Scientists find nanowires capable of detecting individual viruses

...t this stage of viral activity that symptoms often begin to appear, but with viruses still present in limited numbers, they can be difficult to detect and treat. The nanowire arrays detect viruses suspended in fluids, whether bodily or otherwise. Lieber says that any anti-bioterror device built around nano...

'Fossil genes' reveal how life sheds form and function

... the pressure on the genes to zero, mutations will begin to accumulate. This steady bombardment of mutations will erase the genes over time." However, there is a window of preservation before the genes are wiped completely away, leaving relics as diagnostic as any fossil bone and providing scientists with ...

Students build submarine to track Octopuses

...Operational Next Year Although the submarine will begin shadowing octopuses next year, Vincent has plenty of ideas to keep senior design teams busy for a long time. "The way it is now, we'll still be on the surface watching images from Shadow's video camera and waiting for something to happen," Vincent sa...

US investment firm gives away Rhode Island-sized lands in Chile

...s, the Goldman Sachs Charitable Fund, and WCS will begin immediately to plan for the conservation of these lands. Whenever possible, sustainable development activities, including ecotourism, will be undertaken to support conservation objectives and additionally to provide benefit to local communities. Gol...

Joslin researchers clarify mechanisms for beta-cell formation

...m in which cells take on a more primitive form and begin replicating. It is possible that the response originates from potential beta-cell stem cells, a more primitive cell that has yet to differentiate into a beta cell. They also showed that insufficiency of a protein called PDX-1, which is critical for ...

Protein is key to fatal disorder and normal cell function

...ht years, their vision, motor and cognitive skills begin to deteriorate, with uncontrolled seizures and massive cell loss in the brain eventually resulting in death in the twenties. Duke graduate student Dixie-Ann Persaud-Sawin, lead author of the study, focused her investigation of the protein primarily o...

A probable cause for high blood pressure identified - shows links with diabetes

...Now that we have identified this substance, we can begin to look at ways of blocking its action. We also found that excessive accumulation of this molecule in the pancreas will impair insulin release, thus it is possible that this molecule is the long searched for link between these two disorders." The res...

Images of 'tail' of protein needed for cell multiplication suggest anticancer drug targets

...se two proteins can rapidly bind to each other and begin the process of assembling the on switch." The workshop's ability to quickly assemble the on switch is important because it reflects the need for cells to be able to react swiftly to a changing environment, according to Martine Roussel, Ph.D., member ...

Researchers report new gene test for isolated cleft lip and palate

...nd senior author on the study. "Now is the time to begin thinking about how best to apply these types of tests clinically and ensure that they truly benefit the families and their children." Isolated clefts arise during fetal development from a dynamic interplay of genes, diet, and environmental factors, a...

Breaking new ground in germ cell guidance

... large numbers at a stage when they would normally begin to associate with the gonadal mesoderm. The genetic deficiency responsible for the defect was identified as a maternal effect mutation, meaning that its function (or loss of function) relies entirely on transmission by the mother fly. A closer analys...

New research shows air pollution can reduce children's lung function

...18. Then, lung capacity gradually declines. Adults begin to lose lung function by 1 percent each year after age 20. "Lung development in teenagers determines their breathing capacity and health for the rest of their lives," said John Peters, M.D., Hastings Professor of Preventive Medicine at the Keck Schoo...

New research suggests link between maternal diet and childhood leukemia risk

...hat genetic changes linked to cancer later in life begin in the womb. "It goes back to the old saying to expectant mothers, 'You're eating for two,'" said co-author Patricia Buffler, U.C. Berkeley professor of epidemiology and head of the federally funded Northern California Childhood Leukemia Study. "We'r...

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(Date:4/22/2014)... (SALT LAKE CITY)A computational tool developed at the University ... with unknown gene mutations in three separate cases, U ... new study in The American Journal of Human ... Re-ranking tool), identifies undiagnosed illnesses and unknown gene mutations ... proteins that code for genes are made, in individual ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... available in German . ... the University of Vienna and the Medical University of Vienna, ... how double stranded RNA, such as viral genetic information, is ... immune response against viral infection, the protein ADAR1 moves from ... viral RNA to inhibit reproduction of the virus. But how ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... be influenced by low exposure to testosterone in the ... how men,s testosterone levels may be determined before they ... of the hormone than others is important because testosterone ... the hormone have been linked to obesity, diabetes and ... responsible for producing testosterone in adults known as ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... most of us have gotten stuck in a check-out ... Will Mather, assistant professor of physics and an instructor ... lines, or queues, has been crucial in trying to ... recycling of proteins. , The work, submitted during Mather,s ... from the National Science Foundation in the form of ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... of Calgary,s Hotchkiss Brain Institute (HBI) uncovers a mechanism ... means to restore connections after injury. Dr. Doug Zochodne ... directly regulates nerve cell growth in the damaged nervous ... Nature Communications , with lead authors Drs. Kim ... surprising discovery that a protein called Retinoblastoma (Rb) is ...
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