Tag: "billion" at biology news
Scientists sequence genome of kind of organism central to biosphere's carbon cycle
...organisms generate as much as 40 percent of the 50 billion
to 55 billion
tons of organic carbon produced each year in the sea, and in the process use carbon dioxide and prod...
Washington University in St. Louis leads group studying aging process
...plasts, the oxygen factory in plant cells. A half billion
years ago cyanobacteria predated more complex organisms like multi-cellular plants and functioned in a world where the oxygen level of the biosphere was much less than it is today. Over its very long life span, cyanobacteria has evolved a system to ...
Bacteria use 'molecular lasso' to cop copper
...e produced from all sources worldwide is about 120 billion
tons per year, said Kim. About 40 percent comes fr.... That translates to a methane diet of close to 43 billion
tons a year. Playing a pivotal role in this drama is the methanobactin molecule, a tiny, pyramid-sh...
The birth of reproductive health: A difficult delivery
...ch country contributions reached an estimated $2.3 billion
in 2003, a far cry from the conference target of $6.1 billion
(or $8.1 billion
in today's dollars) by 2005." At the time of the Cairo conference, 20 millio...
Complex cells likely arose from combination of bacterial and extreme-microbe genomes
...new picture of evolutionary pathways. "At least 2 billion
years ago, ancestors of these two diverse prokaryotic groups fused their genomes to form the first eukaryote, and in the processes two different branches of the tree of life were fused to form the ring of life," Lake said. The work is part of an ...
UCLA molecular biologists uproot the tree of life
... and geothermal ocean vents worldwide. "At least 2 billion
years ago, ancestors of these two diverse prokaryo...w who those parents were. "If we go back a hundred billion
generations, our ancestor was not a human, and wasn't even a primate," Lake added. "But we are dista...
Analysis fingers causes of desertification
...ects over 250 million people and threatens another billion
in at-risk countries, many of them among the world's poorest. The new meta-analysis, conducted by Helmut J. Geist and Eric F. Lambin of the University of Louvain in Belgium and the Land Use and Cover Change International Project, considered 132 case ...
Convulsions in worms mimic epileptic seizures
...lished online August 31. "The human brain has 100 billion
neurons, whereas the worm has only 302. We know each type of neuron and how they connect to each other," Caldwell explained. "We knew that LIS1 is highly expressed in the nervous system, so we wanted to see if there was a way to use C. elegans to und...
Better living through urban ecology
...rsheds. The City of Baltimore will be investing 1 billion
dollars in the sewer infrastructure project; nearly 1 million dollars of US Forest Service funds will support the restoration of the urban watershed. Both projects will yield results useful to managers and decision makers, as well as educators and co...
Highlights of American Chemical Society national meeting in Philadelphia, Aug. 22-26
...responsible for the origin of life on Earth some 4 billion
years ago. Hud's presentation is part of a daylong symposium, "Astrobiology and the Origin of Life." ( GEOC 25 , Monday, Aug. 23, 3:20 p.m.) Tuesday, Aug. 24 Chemistry at ultra-low temperatures -- Although it's freezing in outer space, chemistry...
Study of flu patients reveals virus outsmarting key drug
...ves - more than died in battle in World War I. One billion
people - nearly half of the earth's population at the time - were infected. The new study of Japanese children portrays what might happen in a pandemic as the immune system of a child, never before exposed to a flu virus, mirrors the adult human immu...
Washington University in St. Louis plays key role in sequencing moss genome
...atens is a small plant, its genome (about one-half billion
base pairs) is actually larger than that of the first plant genome to be determined: Arabidopsis thaliana, a simple flowering plant that plant scientists worldwide use as a model for the study of seed plants, and about the same size as the genome of ...
JGI announces community sequencing program portfolio
...atens, which has a genome size of just over half a billion
bases. "Physcomitrella is a wonderful model system in that it is small, grows quickly, and is very amenable to comparative studies," says Brent D. Mishler, Director, University and Jepson Herbaria, University of California, Berkeley. "Human compara...
Clemson University spin-off uses corn to make plastics, provide cleaner air
.... Potentially, this new material could reduce by 5 billion
pounds per year the amount of single-use, nonbiodegradable plastics discarded by consumers. And reduce the air pollutants from plants that produce plastics for everything from cars to airplanes to golf clubs. "By finding commercial applications for C...
Technology already exists to stabilize global warming
...rrent global emissions of carbon dioxide contain 7 billion
tons of carbon per year. That amount is projected to double to 14 billion
tons per year over the next 50 years as the world population increases and people consume more energ...
Two-month study of life in mid-Atlantic yields trove of species, new insights & questions
...( http://www.mar-eco.no ), part of the 10-year, $1 billion
Census of Marine Life ( www.coml.org ), has captured or recorded rare and potentially new species of squid and fish, measured the abundance of life, and advanced knowledge of - while raising new questions about - many other aspects of the Mid-Atlanti...
Goals unlikely to protect Gulf of Mexico shrimp industry
...ico may not be enough to protect the region's half billion
dollar a year shrimp industry. Researchers from U-M, Louisiana State University, and Limnotech Inc, an Ann Arbor-based firm, used three different models to analyze oxygen depletion and to answer two key questions: Is the expanded dead zone human-cau...
Plant pathologists meeting in Anaheim, CA to discuss agricultural security, food safety, and more
...agriculture, with organic food sales reaching $9.3 billion
in 2002. This session will examine organic agriculture from a plant pathology perspective and address questions regarding funding sources for organic agricultural research, plant diseases and control methods, and the function of the National Organic ...
LA BioMed Medical/Research Briefs, July/August 2004
...llot. The initiative will allocate money from a $3 billion
bond to fund promising, California-based stem cell research. The initiative will distribute an average of $295 million per year over a 10-year period to fund stem cell research at California's universities and other advanced medical research facili...
Ottawa's leadership in biomedical and health research has paid off
...ian biomedical and health research grew from C$5.1 billion
in 1999 to C$7.5 billion
in 2003. The increased support was part of the federal government's plan to keep pace with internati...
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