Tag: "billion" at biology news

JCI table of contents, 2 April 2004

...flicts nearly 50 million people in USA, and over 1 billion worldwide. Although hypertension weighs in heavily on world health, its underlying cause for the vast majority of cases is unknown. One of the known components involved in regulating blood pressure is the beta1subunit of the large Ca2+ activated K+...

UC San Diego bioinformatics experts help reconstruct the genomic makeup of our ancestors

...human, mouse and rat genomes -- each roughly three billion letters in length -- and then infer the evolutiona...e last common mammalian ancestor. These 'core' one billion bases encode nearly all the genes and their regulatory signals, accounting for the similarities amon...

Immunity gene predicts severe adverse drug reaction

...d almost immediately to determine which of the 1.2 billion Chinese worldwide would be at risk for the reaction to the popular anti-epilepsy drug carbamazepine (trade name Tegretol), said Y-T Chen, M.D., chief of medical genetics at Duke University Medical Center and director of the Institute of Biomedical Sc...

Scientists compare rat genome with human, mouse

...e researchers reported that, at approximately 2.75 billion base pairs, the rat genome is smaller than the human genome, which is 2.9 billion base pairs, and slightly larger than mouse genome, which is 2.6 billion base pairs. However, they al...

Gene-rich human Chromosome 19 sequence completed

...lectronic transmission of draft data sets, some 20 billion bytes per week, and shipping of bacteria culture plates from the JGIs Production Genomics Facility in Walnut Creek, California, to Stanford. To get this level of confidence several iterations of the genome sequence is required, typically at six to e...

Molecular midwives hold clues to the origin of life

...ar to RNA and DNA first appeared on Earth around 4 billion years ago. Our theory is that small, simple molecules acted as templates for the production of the first RNA-like molecules. Many of these small molecules, or molecular midwives, would have worked together to produce RNA by spontaneously mixing and a...

Laboratory rat gene sequencing completed

...e last common mammalian ancestor. These 'core' one billion bases encode nearly all the genes and their regulatory signals, accounting for the similarities among mammals. These parts of the genome will be of particular focus in other mammals as new genomes are explored, and the events leading to the current ...

NIST-led research de-mystifies origins of 'junk' DNA

... their relatives) diverged from bacteria roughly 2 billion years ago (the "introns-late" view). Bacterial genomes lack introns. Although the study did not attempt to propose a function for introns, or determine whether they are beneficial or harmful, the results appear to rule out the "introns-early" view. ...

Antibiotics in the environment

...tibiotics in surface or ground waters at parts per billion levels. The study is published in January/February 2004 issue of the Journal of Environmental Quality, published by the American Society of Agronomy-Crop Science Society of America and Soil Science Society of America. This study was part of the res...

SensorNet proposed as system to protect millions nationwide

...e to 332 chemical sites with between 500,000 and 1 billion pounds of explosive materials, and to an additional 342 sites with more than 1 billion pounds of explosive materials. By establishing Tennessee as a test bed for the nation, Strand sai...

As obesity skyrockets, Joslin Diabetes Center urges action to stem the tide of type 2 diabetes

... "Statistically, adults in the U.S. have gained 2 billion pounds over the past decade, which is an average of one pound per year per person. This is true for both men and women," says C. Ronald Kahn, M.D., President and Director, Joslin Diabetes Center. "For every one pound increase in weight, there is a 3...

Sequencing project results in six-fold reduction of effective size of maize genome

...r sequence analysis and alignment. At about 2 to 3 billion base pairs, the maize genome is estimated to be 20 times larger than Arabidopsis, an experimental plant that is the first plant genome to be completely sequenced. However, maize probably has only twice as many genes as Arabidopsis. The rest of the m...

Duke study gives first worldwide measure of sea turtle casualties by longline fishing

...e fleets from 40 different countries set about 1.4 billion hooks in the studied year of 2000 the equivalent of about 3.8 million hooks each day. And their results suggest that longline fishing worldwide was "likely to have caught at least 200,000 loggerheads and 50,000 leatherback turtles in 2000," they wro...

UN study shows environmental consequences from ongoing boom in personal computer sales

...ach year around the world. By the end of 2002, one billion PCs had been sold worldwide. The study examines a variety of environmental impacts associated with computer production processes. The main impacts are believed to be: Significant energy use in the production and operation of computers. Possibl...

USGS March science picks

...the Federal Government held title to more than 1.2 billion acres of land, nearly all of it west of the Mississippi River, and only 200 million acres of this land had been surveyed. Well, we've accomplished a lot since that beginning. USGS now has mapped every corner of the nation and produced 55,000 topograp...

Genome of first fungal pathogen unveiled

...eprints contained in each human cell run to some 6 billion DNA base pairs. The researchers first sequenced the Ashbya genome three times over in many segments and assembled those pieces into the sequences of the fungus' seven chromosomes. The team then filled in any remaining gaps in the initial scaff...

Naropin now approved for intrathecal (spinal) administration in the European Union (EU)

...s in the world with healthcare sales of over $18.8 billion and leading positions in sales of gastrointestinal, oncology, cardiovascular, neuroscience and respiratory products. AstraZeneca is listed in the Dow Jones Sustainability Index (Global and European) as well as the FTSE4Good Index....

Happy birthday USGS! 125 years of science for America

...the Federal Government held title to more than 1.2 billion acres of land, nearly all of it west of the Mississippi River, and only 200 million acres of this land had been surveyed. We have accomplished a great deal since that beginning. We have produced 55,000 topographic maps that represent the topographic...

UK Government proposes long-term strategy for science

...ecure that science base, we've invested over $3.25 billion (1.75 billion) in university infrastructure since 1997. But as our Innovation Report showed last year, we still need to get science out of the labs, into our companies and onto the balance sheet. Our businesses can and should benefit from this fund...

Should publicly funded research be free and available to the public?

...automatically. Our government spends more than $50 billion a year on nonclassified research. What this investment yields are new scientific discoveries and ideas, recorded in scientific publications. The authors of these research reports, the scientists, give them away to publishers, receiving in return only...

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