Tag: "bioterrorism" at biology news

Scientists discuss microbial pathogenesis in era of bioterrorism, drug resistance

Even before the recent dual specters of bioterrorism and drug resistant infections, scientists were beginning to recognize the potential impact of better understanding how bacteria and viruses interact with cells to cause disease. This American Society for Investigative Pathology symposium on hot topi...

Anthrax drugs used to treat adults can treat children, too

...isease in the event of a major bioterrorism attack," he said. "So the use of these antibiotics can be recommended despite the lack of adequate efficacy and safety studies in children." The researchers analyzed near...

Scientists find new markers for anthrax isolates

...ing unexpected disease outbreaks whether they are bioterrorism attacks or natural outbreaks of more familiar pathogens, said Fraser.A grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) funded the sequencing of the Florida anthrax isolate, which TIGR compared to its nearly-completed sequence of another Ames-strain ...

Researchers compare anthrax genomes

...l genome sequencing as a tool in defending against bioterrorism and in understanding the variations and relatedness of microbes in nature," said Rita Colwell, NSF director. "We at NSF are very pleased that our ability to expedite the review and funding of proposals submitted in response to national needs has bro...

Advances developed to detect bioterrorist agents could find use in protecting food supplies

...boratory researchers and other scientists to fight bioterrorism could find another use detecting naturally occurring pathogens in food. Livermore biomedical scientist Paula McCready will deliver that message today during a session of the American Society for Microbiology at the Salt Palace Convention Center. "...

Scientists to discuss bioterrorism

...ortunity for the scientists to provide feedback on bioterrorism protection efforts. Government leaders have been very receptive and interested in our input and participation on this issue, says Cook. Together we can develop a program that provides reasonable protection without compromising our role as a world lea...

Science editor explores the role of environmental change on global security

... are a number of things one can do with respect to bioterrorism that ought to be done anyway for reasons that have nothing to do with terrorism." Resource availability There is no question that there are more people in the world using resources less frugally, Kennedy asserted. Thats important in the security c...

Clemson researchers create biosensors to protect nation's food and water supplies

CLEMSON Unlike nuclear terrorism, bioterrorism won't begin with a bang. It will begin with a whimper a child feeling the effects of food poisoning. E.coli, Listeria, Campylobacter, Salmonella are not weapons of mass destruction, they are weapons of mass disruption. Experts say it's not a matter...

First drug developed for widespread use against botulism

...nerve toxin that is considered one of the greatest bioterrorism threats. The UCSF-led research is being published on line the week of August 5 by The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Botulinum toxin, naturally produced by a soil bacterium, is the most poisonous substance known. A gram of the toxi...

Researchers aim to control treatment-resistant head lice

...problems in cities and that's probably where these bioterrorism agents are going to be disseminated." "If you had like eight percent of your children in the cities with open head wounds [caused by feeding lice], and somebody comes and dumps a lot of cutaneous anthrax on everybody, there's a real chance that these...

Natural-born killers enlisted to fight anthrax

...t a time when drug-resistant infections as well as bioterrorism are on the rise, this novel strategy could potentially save many lives, says Fischetti....

Homeland security highlights from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

...departments of Energy, Defense and State. Tackling bioterrorism one protein at a time - Because biological pathoge...n a molecular level, the key to protecting against bioterrorism may rest in understanding how these pathogens function one protein at a time. Scientists at Pacific...

Twenty years of monkey research boosts AIDS knowledge

... because of limited resources. The recent focus on bioterrorism research has further strained an already tight supply....

Genome of potential bioterror agent seqenced

... Brucella suis, a bacterial pathogen and potential bioterrorism agent that could be targeted against humans or livestock. TIGR's analysis of that sequence and related genomes found "fundamental similarities" between the genome of Brucella a pathogen that infects only animals -- and other microbes that cause dise...

Sandia pursues biotechnology as new technology focus area

... mission driver" for pursuing biotech - countering bioterrorism and biowarfare. "We knew that long before 9/11. And we have a lot of intrinsic strengths that make us a competitive biotech player - sensors, electronics, mathematical algorithms, and computational ability. It only makes sense that we do this." A sec...

New UNC emergency room wall chart will help health workers respond to chemical terrorism

...SPICE) developed a free wall chart about potential bioterrorism organisms for display in hospital emergency rooms. Its purpose was to help ER staff recognize and cope with illnesses caused by attacks with anthrax, plague, botulism or smallpox. "Response to the poster from physicians and other health-care workers...

Price to pay for vaccinating against smallpox

THE mere threat of bioterrorism is likely to kill at least a handful of Americans next year. President George Bush announced last week that a million Americans will be vaccinated against smallpox by early 2003. But the precaution will be costly: the contagious vaccine will sicken ...

'Scientific balancing act' dominates AAAS top ten list of science policy stories for 2002

...itive fields. Meanwhile, a law intended to counter bioterrorism now requires university and other research laborat...rt of the Administration's original proposal. With bioterrorism R&D remaining in the National Institutes of Health and not shifting to the new department as origina...

Researchers warn biotech advances could be misused by terrorists

...on. First, there must be an increased awareness of bioterrorism risks among scientists and the scientific leadership. Training and accreditation programs could increase awareness and stimulate better communication between the scientific and national security communities. The researchers stress that any biosecurit...

Discovery of size changes of Bacillus spores may lead to simpler, faster anthrax detector

...o deploy environmental monitors to detect airborne bioterrorism agents, including anthrax and smallpox. The system relies on filtering air and sending the filters to a lab, where any attached microbes would be cultured and identified. Even with advanced techniques such as PCR (polymerase chain reaction) to detect...

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