Tag: "birth" at biology news
Pacific Northwest team unveils largest virus proteome to date
...ll effects, but HCMV is the leading viral cause of birth
defects and is a serious threat to transplant and AIDS patients and others with a compromised immune system. "Our labs identified the viral and host proteins that compose the HCMV virion," said Jay Nelson, Ph.D., director of the OHSU Vaccine and G...
Newly identified master gene key in baby's first breath
...exist, its role in lung maturation and function at birth
were not known. When Foxa2 is missing in newborn mice, respiratory distress syndrome and in many cases, death, was almost certain to follow, said Jeffrey A. Whitsett, MD, chief of Neonatology, Perinatal and Pulmonary Biology at Cincinnati Children...
Fortifying food with folic acid benefits babies
...lly reduce the incidence of spina bifida and other birth
defects. A study, published today in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, shows that the proportion of babies born with neural tube defects in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador dropped by 78% after the Canadian Government directed that folic acid mu...
University of Alberta researcher looks for clues to mysterious disease
...f body systems. Children with A-T appear normal at birth
but at around the age of two, some of the first signs--walking and balance is wobbly caused by ataxia or lack of muscle control--start appearing. "Kids are often misdiagnosed with cerebral palsy but what distinguishes A-T is it gets worse," said...
USC study links historical increases in life span to lower childhood exposure to infection
...born in Sweden from 1751 to 1940. Grouping them by birth
year into what are called birth
cohorts the researchers found that as public health efforts led to less exposure to infectious dise...
Folic acid vitamin use by women reaches all-time high, March of Dimes survey finds
...inning before pregnancy is crucial because serious birth
defects of the brain and spine known as neural tub...995. Those who know that folic acid helps prevent birth
defects increased to 24 percent in 2004, up from only 4 percent in 1995. "Although folic acid ...
Byproduct of water-disinfection process found to be highly toxic
... to raise the risks of various cancers, as well as birth
and developmental defects. Corpus Christi's water supply has high levels of bromide and iodide because of the chemical makeup of the ancient seabed under the water source. Local water sources lead to different DBPs. Whether the types of iod...
Researchers report new gene test for isolated cleft lip and palate
...te are likely to have a second child with the same birth
defect. Isolated clefts account for 70 percent of ...ted form of cleft lip and palate do not have other birth
defects often associated with this condition. Roughly one in every 600 babies in the United States i...
Blue marlin in gulf have high mercury levels, A&M study shows
...nge from kidney damage to reproductive failure and birth
defects.The issue of elevated mercury content in seafood has received a great deal of public awareness in Gulf Coast states in recent years and several articles have focused on the possibility that oil and gas platforms in the Gulf of Mexico are the ...
The birth of reproductive health: A difficult delivery
... properly cited. Citation: El Feki S (2004) The birth
of reproductive health: A difficult delivery. PLoS Med 1(1): e009....
Convulsions in worms mimic epileptic seizures
...its human form, the gene has been linked to a rare birth
defect called lissencephaly, which affects one out of every 30,000 children born. In children with lissencephaly, the normally wrinkled surface of the brain's cortex is smooth. They also have mental retardation and severe epilepsy, the causes of whic...
Nevada researcher re-ignites mammal reproduction debate
...animal's living conditions aren't suitable, giving birth
to a female would better ensure the animal's genetic success in the long term. Daughters of less healthy mothers would out-reproduce sons in poorer conditions because males that are unsuccessful in having mates have few offspring while most females b...
Genetic clues found for common congenital brain disorder
... the first genetic cause of one of the most common birth
defects of the brain, Dandy-Walker malformation (D... of the first real avenues for understanding human birth
defects that affect the cerebellum," said study author Kathleen Millen, Ph.D., assistant professor o...
Researchers report new gene test for isolated cleft lip and palate
...eft lip and palate, one of the world's most common birth
defects, according to results of a study published...late, or babies born with clefts only and no other birth
defects. Last year, the authors and their colleagues reported that mutations in another gene accoun...
Gene linked to cleft lip and palate identified
...eft lip and cleft palate are among the most common birth
defects in the United States," says Nancy S. Green...iple genetic factors underlying these very serious birth
defects, with probable environmental effects." The discovery also has important implications for gen...
Stanford researcher's findings may shed light on common, deadly birth defect
...ein Medical School, and their colleagues studied a birth
defect called holoprosencephaly, or HPE, that resu...herapies or diagnostic procedures for these severe birth
defects. "Twenty years ago, physicians didn't understand the mechanisms underlying what they were se...
Stem cell research targets cerebral palsy
...ncluding everything from oxygen deprivation during birth
to prenatal infections....
Infant rats eagerly accept high concentrations of alcohol upon first exposure
... brain development, rats are much more immature at birth
than are humans," said Spear, "but the motor capability of the rat develops more rapidly thereafter in the infant rat than the infant human. In terms of brain development, our rats might correspond to humans between a few days and six months after b...
Joslin Diabetes Center launches research section on developmental and stem cell biology
...etic retinopathy, kidney disease, nerve damage and birth
defects. Many of these complications involve damag...r Physiology, is studying the underlying causes of birth
defects in diabetic pregnancy. Dr. Loeken and her colleagues have found that birth
defects, which o...
Excess thyroid hormone harmful to fetus
...g the risk of miscarriage and reducing the average birth
weight of infants who survive. The problems caused...mbers of affected and unaffected infants. The mean birth
weight of the unaffected infants born to affected mothers was 20 percent below average. Three of th...
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