Tag: "birth" at biology news

Babies with DiGeorge syndrome saved by immune supression, thymus transplant

...sorder is often diagnosed initially by identifying birth defects characteristic of complete DiGeorge, inclu... normal result, despite evidence of characteristic birth defects. This misleading finding can delay treatment, exposing an infant to risk of serious infectio...

LICR/UCSD team solves mystery of centromeres

...wly formed cells, the catastrophic result is often birth defects, spontaneous abortion, or cancer. For example, Down syndrome is a disorder caused by one too many copies of chromosome 21. During cell division, each cell makes a duplicate copy of its chromosomes. Each pair of identical chromosom...

OHSU researchers discover possible method for early detection, prevention of premature birth

...ent of newborn deaths that are not associated with birth defects. By finding a method for quickly detecting...mniotic infections can be suppressed and premature birth prevented. In conducting this current research, the scientists used mass spectrometry analysi...

Researchers look into components of RNA silencing machinery

...logy of meiotic chromosomes. Since the majority of birth defects are caused by chromosomal abnormalities, he says it is absolutely fundamental to understand how chromosomes work. "Understanding normal chromosome biology is more than a curious scientific endeavor," says Aramayo. "It is a must if we ...

The blind really do hear better

...se who were fully sighted, "early blind" (blind at birth or lost their sight during the first two years of life), and "late blind" (those who became blind later in life). The groups were tested for their ability to recognize changes in pitch. The subject listened to a pair of tones and had to decide wheth...

Nature mimics industry

...have been a normal component of all life since the birth of our planet."...

Research reveals role of gene in infertility

...osomes, resulting in infertility, miscarriages, or birth defects. The new discoveries about the gene's role in plants suggest that it also may have an essential role in the production of sperm and egg cells in humans and other mammals. One of the most surprising results of the research is that the RAD51...

'Crack babies' do better when placed with non-family caregivers

... 63 non-exposed children and their caregivers from birth until the children turned 2. By that age, 49 of t...t that these children experienced more problems at birth than the children who remained with their mothers, including prematurity, and were born to mothers w...

Living at home helps young mothers stay in school

...s and their low birthweight, premature babies from birth through age 3. We focused on mothers who were 13 to 25 when their children were born. The study measured school enrollment six times during the three-year period, and parenting skills twice, including whether young mothers knew the age at which chi...

Maternal DHA levels plays important role in infant development

...ts whose mothers had higher blood levels of DHA at birth showed more mature forms of attention during their...ings suggest that higher levels of maternal DHA at birth are related to advanced attentional development, and add to the evidence that DHA may be an importan...

Cell study leap forward for tissue engineering, diseases

...ent shapes. Deviations in this process can lead to birth defects. "Morphogenesis has always fascinated sci...hological conditions such a spina bifida, a common birth defect where the spinal cord fails to develop properly." Using tissue from frog embryos, Ninomiya ...

Scientists discover key step in the development of nerve cells controlling autonomic functions

... aims to clarify the events that underlie neuronal birth and survival in both the developing and adult nervous system. His studies have led to the characterization of crucial mechanisms controlling nerve cell differentiation and uncovered new protein functions during neurogenesis. The ultimate goal of his ...

Vacuum assisted deliveries are safe alternative to forceps

...is week's BMJ. They compared the risk of death and birth injuries between vacuumextraction and forceps deli...n the United States. The overall risk of death and birth injuries were similar between infantsdelivered by vacuum or by forceps, suggesting that vacuum extra...

Donaghue Women's Health Investigator Program awards grants to three at Yale

...uation in hormone levels experienced shortly after birth can contribute to PPD, the neurobiology that underlies this disorder has not been identified. Duman will address this issue by conducting a series of integrated studies in an animal model of PPD. The findings of these studies will be used for expan...

Early dexamethasone exposure has long-term neurodevelopment, neuroendocrine effects

..., MD -- Any parent of a newborn with extremely low birth weight (ELBW) faces the possibility that their child will be diagnosed with severe respiratory distress syndrome, which results in ventilator and/or oxygen dependency, and subsequent onset of chronic lung disease. Until recently, early administration...

$5 million grant funds partnership, studies of minority-based issues in reproductive health

...e on the uterus, grow faster when women are taking birth control pills. This research will help to determi...er physicians should change the practice of giving birth control pills to women who have abnormal bleeding because of fibroids. Additionally, the study will ...

New York City study shows newborns more susceptible to pollution than their mothers

...oke, at levels found in New York City, reduces the birth weight and head circumference of newborns. This research is part of a broader, multi-year research project, "The Mothers & Children Study In New York City," started in 1998, which examines the health effects of exposure of pregnant women and babies t...

The mother lode of mutations

...fertility problems, as well as what causes certain birth defects. Molecular control of the step-by-step process of how the zebrafish body unfolds relies to some extent on maternally driven processes. These depend on proteins derived only from the egg, which are critical to embryonic developme...

Stem cells commit to a future of fat with one signal

...mans, had a fixed number of fat cells deposited at birth and that the cells just "swelled" as weight increased. Within the past 10 years, researchers have discovered that stem cells lie in wait within the fat deposits. Just a few years ago, Tang, first author on this paper, discovered that "pre-fat" cells ...

Researcher issues caution on live virus vaccines

...e in individuals with compromised immune systems; birth defects, particularly if the vaccine is given in the first trimester; spread of vaccine strains to unvaccinated persons and; the discovery of new, previously undetermined complications. ...

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