Tag: "blinding" at biology news

Common Anti-Viral Medication Prevents Severe Eye Herpes

...he study found that the rate of recurrence of this blinding form of thedisease dropped 50 percent when patient... that it identifies those patients withpotentially blinding herpetic stromal keratitis who will benefit most fromlong-term acyclovir treatment. Most opthalmolo...

Drug stops blinding blood vessel growth in mice

...abetes may one day be able to pop apill to prevent blinding blood vessel growth. Vessels that grow abnormally inthe eyes can leak fluid or blood, causing rapid and severe vision loss. Suchgrowth is the hallmark of diabetic retinopathy and age-related maculardegeneration, the leading causes of blindness in y...

Mice show function of gene that causes two types of blindness

...on for vulnerability of the macula in severalhuman blinding diseases," Travis said. "We observed complete inhibition oflipofuscin accumulation when mutant rodents were raised in total darkness. Thisobservation suggests that patients with Stargardt's disease and some forms ofAMD could slow the progression of t...

Scientists identify natural chemical that causes blinding blood vessel growth

...up when it's lacking oxygen is responsible for the blinding blood vessel growth that plagues patients with diabetic retinopathy, report researchers at Johns Hopkins and CIBA Vision Corp., a Novartis Ltd. Pharmaceutical Co. The work verifies earlier studies suggesting the substance, called vascular endothe...

'Obesity gene' causes cancer of fat tissue, Schepens scientists find

...iologists and physicists who investigate cures for blinding eye diseases and aids for victims of low vision. Many diagnostic techniques and devices, surgical methods and medications related to eye diseases were developed by Institute faculty....

'Translocation' surgery yields unprecedented results

... An operation developed at Johns Hopkins to halt blinding retinal damage from age-related macular degeneration (AMD) improved vision in nearly half of the first 100 patients treated, according to a recent report in the American Journal of Ophthalmology. "Six months after surgery, 48 percent of our pati...

In gene therapy first, scientists restore vision to dogs born blind

...y resembling Leber congenital amaurosis, or LCA, a blinding disease caused by mutations in a gene important for eye function. About 2,000 people in the United States have LCA, a currently untreatable condition that typically results in blindness from birth or shortly thereafter. "In gene therapy with other e...

Stem cell research is vital to finding cures for blinding diseases

...t to find new diagnoses, treatments, and cures for blinding diseases. On August 9, President George W. Bush a...al injuries. They also could be useful for curing blinding diseases. Schepens scientists, funded by the National Institutes of Health, currently research stem ...

Gene therapy may be a tool to prevent blindness

Reduces blinding blood vessel growth by up to 90 percent in laboratory mice Gene therapy may one day be used to halt or even prevent the overgrowth of blood vessels in the eye that blinds patients with macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy, according to tw...

Comprehensive set of vision genes discovered: Identification could help in diagnosing and treating blinding diseases

...ision, which could help in diagnosing and treating blinding diseases. Macular degeneration alone affects twenty-five percent of people over age 75. The discovery of the full set of photoreceptor genes expressed in the retinal cells, which was made in mice, could also lead to new methods for preserving and res...

Mass spectrometer weighs in as proteomics breakthrough

...of cytomegalovirus, known for causing retinitis, a blinding condition, in hopes of determining which proteins cause the infection and devising ways to counteract it. In addition to its comprehensiveness, the PROMS capability also is faster than another widely used proteomics mass spectrometry technique called...

Carnegie Mellon University receives NASA award to develop probes to detect life on Mars

...eir targets must stand out against what could be a blinding background of natural mineral luminescence. Additionally, detecting low levels of light emitted from relatively few organisms could be difficult against reflected light that is originally emitted from the optical instrument. Just as big a challenge i...

Scientists at UCSB link brain plaques in Alzheimers disease to eye disease

...ne million nerve fibers. Macular degeneration is a blinding disease caused by the death of the photoreceptor cells in that part of the retina known as the macula. The macula is a circular area, approximately 5 millimeters or about 2/10 of an inch in diameter, that is located next to the optic nerve. In the ag...

Perfect planet, clever species

...hilosophical guides for us to follow as we stumble blinding into the twenty-first century."...

Abnormal immune response may play major role in glaucoma, study says

...a precursor or the first trigger that sets certain blinding eye diseases on their inevitable course of destruc...Streilein. Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blinding eye disease in the United States affecting well over 1 million Americans. There are a number of diff...

Injection prevents blinding blood vessel growth in mice

...identified an experimental medicine that stops the blinding blood vessel growth associated with diabetic eye diseases and possibly macular degeneration in laboratory mice. By injecting a fused protein called VEGF-TRAP (R1R2) into the eyes or bloodstreams of mice, scientists halted new blood vessel growth ...

Brain stem cells are not rejected when transplanted

...g the mysteries of vision andfinding the cures for blinding eye diseases that devastate millions in theUnited States and around the world. The study, titled "Neural progenitor cells lack immunogenicity and resistdestruction as allografts" can be obtained at the Stems Cells website at http://stemcells.alphamed...

Startling deep-sea encounter with rare, massive Greenland shark

...yes (and are visible in the new footage), possibly blinding them, but giving off light that attracts curious fish. It is not clear how the sluggish animals are able to catch the fast-moving fish and squid commonly found in their stomachs. Some scientists have theorized that the sharks are able to swim rapidl...

JCI table of contents, 2 April 2004

...gression, chronic inflammatory disorders, and most blinding ocular diseases. The VEGF family of growth factors is a key contributor to these processes. Previous studies indicated that VEGF-A is primarily responsible for hemangiogenesis, whereas VEGF-C and -D induce lymphangiogenesis. Whether VEGF-A also plays...

Studies show success of Mectizan partnerships

...form of Onchocerca volvulus. These parasites cause blinding eye lesions and the debilitating skin conditions associated with river blindness. In 1987, Merck formed the Mectizan Donation Program to oversee the donation of the drug to organizations and agencies who would deliver the medication directly to the p...

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