Tag: "blindness" at biology news

Hebrew University researcher studies 'reorganization' of brain in blind people

...ought up to now was that the loss of vision due to blindness renders these regions useless. New evidence, however, shows that the "unemployed" occipital cortex in the brain -- which usually functions in connection with vision -- is utilized in the blind for other purposes. For example, neuroimaging techniques...

JCI table of contents, 2 June, 2003

...ydia trachomatis is a primary cause of preventable blindness as well as urogenital infection. Research now demonstrates that the correlation between the preferred location ocular versus genital of this organism is linked to the presence or absence of a cluster of tryptophan synthesis genes. There may also ex...

With government nod, gene therapy pioneered at UNC is given to children with rare disorder

...galocephaly (abnormally enlarged head). Paralysis, blindness or hearing loss also may occur. There is no cure for Canavan disease or a standard course of treatment other than symptomatic and supportive. Prognosis is poor; victims usually die before age 10. "Children with Canavan disease have a mutation in one ...

Early diagnosis of Usher syndrome type 1 made possible by new findings

...s syndrome involves deafness at birth, progressive blindness and balance problems. In 1861, a physician working in Berlin described the clinical features of Usher syndrome in Jewish individuals. Now, 140 years later, there is an opportunity to offer help to those individuals who inherit this syndrome as repo...

Study sheds light on Chlamydial pathogens

...s and cause human diseases ranging from infectious blindness to pneumonia and possibly heart disease. According to the analysis, nearly 800 of the 1009 annotated genes discovered in C. caviae were also found in the genomes of the other three related chlamydial bacteria: C. trachomatis, which causes chronic ...

American Institute of Chemists names Ralph Hirschmann AIC Gold Medalist

... congestive heart failure, severe infection, river blindness in developing countries, and many other illnesses. His remarkable accomplishments as a researcher include the synthesis of the enzyme ribonuclease in solution, the first example of protein synthesis. The presentation of the AIC Gold Medal will be par...

WWII discovery may counter bioterrorists

...diate pain and blistering on contact and can cause blindness if it gets into the eyes," Dr. Vilensky notes. "Lewisite is a threat because it is easy for any country to manufacture with simple pesticide-manufacturing technology." Iraq is believed to have used Lewisite in its earlier war with Iran. Developed for...

National vision experts converge for research symposium

...research on glaucoma, one of the leading causes of blindness in the country and the most common cause of blindness in African-Americans. The event will be held at the University of Houston Hilton Hotel. For informa...

Braille found to be essential, regardless of age of blindness

...rking age blind are unemployed; the annual cost of blindness to the federal government is $4 billion; the avera...ecome blind early in life versus those who acquire blindness later (e.g., before age three vs. after age 12). The differing results with early versus late onset ...

Saving energy for sex

... culprits in diseases like elephantiasis and river blindness and destroy billions of dollars worth of crops annually. Like humans, C. elegans worm oocytes arrest during meiosis (the process of cell division in gamete-producing cells) and only resume in response to a specific activating signal. In C. elegans, t...

First awards for FIC global health research initiative program for new foreign investigators

...the disease retinitis pigmentosa, a major cause of blindness worldwide. Dr. Kannabiran was a visiting fellow at the National Eye Institute, NIH; Dr. Edith Kordon, Academia Nacional de Medicina, Buenos Aires, Argentina, to study tumor progression and apoptosis in the mouse mammary gland. Dr. Kordon was a visi...

Secretary Abraham announces next steps for artificial retina project

...hopes to restore vision to millions of people with blindness caused by retinal disorders. As a result of recent breakthroughs in science and engineering technology, Abraham announced that DOE will commit $9 million over three years to augment artificial retina research, including support for a laboratory with...

Bio-X to fund 21 new interdisciplinary research projects

...rchers point out that corneal diseases have caused blindness in as many as 10 million people worldwide. By applying recent discoveries in polymer chemistry, the research team hopes to develop inexpensive artificial corneas that can be implanted with a minimal risk of rejection by the patient. Interdisciplinar...

OXiGENE, foundation fighting blindness sign research agreement for phase I/II clinical trial

... form of macular degeneration, theleading cause of blindness in the U.S. for people age 55 and older. At the ARVO annual meeting in May 2002, researchers presented datafrom three pre-clinical studies indicating CA4P's potentialtherapeutic applicability as a treatment for diseases associated withocular neov...

Ambitious plan to give sight to the blind

... Research in Washington, D.C., says, "We felt that blindness is a devastating problem and that the modern conju...r defense purposes that we could use to help solve blindness and greatly propel forward the entire field of medicine." Other national lab tasks include: * The le...

Scientists at TSRI receive $9.6 million to develop treatment for common cause of vision loss

...licated in cancer and one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States, have been awarded a five-year, $9.6 million grant from the National Eye Institute to study this inhibitor further and develop ways to use it in patients with neovascular eye disease. "What we would like to do is to take a basic ...

Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute design gene-tipped tumor regressor 'smartbombs'

...stroke, rheumatoid arthritis, and certain types of blindness in elderly patients (age-related macular degeneration) and in patients with diabetes (diabetic retinopathy)....

New hope for diabetics in treating blindness

...rovide a painless and non-destructive way to treat blindness in diabetics. The University of Melbourne-led pre-... blocks a crucial pathway whose end products cause blindness and eye damage in diabetics, the leading cause of new blindness in adults around the world. The tri...

UF researchers discover blood stem cells

...s-related complication, the leading cause of adult blindness in the United States, is characterized by a degenerative process that injures existing blood vessels and triggers new capillaries to form as the body struggles to repair the light-sensing retina. These new capillaries actually foster additional damag...

Genetic discovery in fruit flies may open new avenues for understanding cancer growth in humans

...sunlight and increased risk of skin cancer), color blindness and hemophilia. Malfunctions in gene silencing also have been implicated in several human cancers, including acute myelogenous leukemia, colon cancer and several forms of breast cancer. Sir2 is an attractive drug target because it has been found to m...

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