Tag: "brain" at biology news
...rsea vehicle would envy, thanks to a region of the brain
that allows our bodies to carry out complex maneuv...ow also is harnessing the working principle of the brain
to control the maneuvers of UUVs. This summer at the Naval Undersea Warfare Center in Newport, RI, ...
Stuart Lipton honored with Jung Prize for Medicine
...ases based on "neuroprotection", or protecting the brain
from cell death. In most neurodegenerative diseases, the brain
is attacked and nerve cells wither and die by a variety of overactive signaling pathways. These pat...
Imaging study shows brain maturing
...g magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study of normal brain
development, from ages 4 to 21, by researchers at ... Los Angeles (UCLA) shows that such "higher-order" brain
centers, such as the prefrontal cortex, don't fully develop until young adulthood. A time-lapse 3-D...
From algae, weeds and people: new genetic clues to complex obesity syndrome
...de certain cells, including some in the lung, eye, brain
and kidney. Hopkins researchers and their colleagues have reported that genetic mutations in BBS cause problems at least in part by rendering cilia and related structures useless. Two of the identified genes turned out to be located in a region of hu...
New research supports theory that indirect transmission of chronic wasting disease
...rion protein that misfolds inthe brain, destroying brain
tissues as it progresses. Clinicalsigns include lethargy, excessive salivation, loss of wariness ofpredators and slowly deteriorating body condition. The disease isalways fatal and there is no known cure or treatment to preventCWD. Federal and state...
Study in flies allows researchers to visualize formation of a memory
...ntists refer to any learning-induced change in the brain
as a "memory trace." In the new study, Ronald L. D... other memory traces found at higher levels in the brain
took over to encode the memory for a longer period of time, Dr. Davis suggests. If so, the rapid ch...
Artificial light-dark cycles expose circadian clocks at odds with each other
...ecting for instance how well you sleep." A bit of brain
tissue called the suprachiasmatic nucleus, a daily...to look at the interplay of two genes in the rats' brain
clocks. One gene, called Per1, is active during the day and the other, Bmal1, is active at night. T...
Fat fighting undermined by over active eating pacemaker
...able to detail how and why specific neurons in the brain
control the hunger response. They have revealed a set of pacemaker nerve cells in the brain
that appear to underlie the drive to feed which itself feeds on a complex web of signals. The level ...
ASU advance could provide insight into human's ability to recognize patterns
...ry associative memory networks. Lai said the human brain
and its use of neurons have a great advantage over... provide in terms of basic research into the human brain
itself. Developing a good model of the human brain, one that could more closely replicate the actual...
Cannabinoids spell relief in colon inflammation
...s and endocannabinoids are not only present in the brain
but also in the enteric nervous system. Recent investigations conducted by researchers of the group of Beat Lutz at the Max Planck Institute in Munich and of Martin Storr at the Medical Department II of the Ludwig Maximilans University Munich suggest...
UCLA scientists decipher how the brain retrieves and stores our oldest memories
...LA neurobiologists have pinpointed a region of the brain
called the anterior cingulate as responsible for r...esses recent memory, but we did not know where the brain
housed our oldest memories," explained Dr. Alcino Silva, principal investigator and professor of neu...
Latest findings on PCBs to be subject of June workshop at Illinois
...ty of California-Davis; Break 4. Are fish really brain
food? The neurochemical effects of fish-borne contaminants, Rich Seegal, New York State Department of Health; 5. Neurotoxicity of developmental exposure to PCBs and PBDEs: Evidence for interaction, Per Eriksson, Uppsala University; 6. Round table d...
Second generation targeted antibodies - It's all in the binding
...of EGFR and was being developed as a treatment for brain
tumors called glioblastomas. However, during comprehensive pre-clinical analyses it was found that the 806 antibody bound not only to the glioblastoma-specific mutant form of EGFR, it also bound to a significant proportion of EGFR positive cancers, b...
Ritalin may improve Parkinson's symptoms, OHSU study says
...s the effects of levodopa, a drug converted in the brain
to dopamine. Methylphenidate inhibits the reabsorption of dopamine into nerve cells, increasing the neurotransmitter's potency. Parkinson's disease is caused by a deficiency of nerve cells that produce dopamine. A parallel study by Parkinson center r...
SPECT imaging shows promise for accurate, early diagnosis of Alzheimer's
... in the posterior cingulate cortex--an area of the brain
that plays a part in orientation, sensory interpretation and vocabulary retention--very early in the course of their disease. Recognizing this posterior cingulate sign gives doctors the ability to identify the onset of AD in patients significantly ...
Gene therapy reduces drinking in rats with genetic predisposition to 'alcoholism'
...ong-term ethanol consumption on certain aspects of brain
chemistry, are published in the May 2004 issue of ...ated with gene transfer to increase the level of a brain
receptor for dopamine, a chemical important for transmitting feelings of pleasure and reward and kno...
Insulin-producing pancreatic cells are replenished by duplication
... cells, which have been isolated from blood, skin, brain
and other organs, have the same developmental capacity as ES cells. Researchers have known for some time that ES cells can give rise to pancreatic beta cells during development. "But the more interesting question for us has been what happens in matur...
The science of overcrowded life boats and other moral dilemmas
...erested in what neuroscience can tell us about the brain
and the new approaches they suggest for classic qu...chnology, researchers have found that parts of the brain
associated with emotion play roles in processing some moral dilemmas, but not all of them. Understan...
Human brain works heavy statistics learning language
...e University of Rochester has found that the human brain
makes much more extensive use of highly complex st...ssue of Cognitive Psychology, shows that the human brain
is wired to quickly grasp certain relationships between spoken sounds even though those relationship...
Fat cells heal skull defects in mice, Stanford research shows
...ontrast, cells derived from tissue that covers the brain
showed no bone growth during the same time period. The new bone growth began next to the brain, suggesting those cells were sending out bone growth-promoting signals and emphasizing the importance of the local environment in determining cell fate. "T...
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