Tag: "cognitive" at biology news
Iron supplements help African children learn to walk and talk
... toddlers, as well as on tests of intelligence and cognitive
function among preschool and school-age children. The study was carried out in a population exposed to numerous health risks, including widespread malnutrition and infection by Plasmodium falciparum (the cause of the most serious form of malaria) and...
A little larceny comes naturally to Northwestern crows
...tch them in intelligence. Crows are social, highly cognitive
birds whose intelligence is up there with dogs." ...t they are feeding on and how they are using their cognitive
behavior in the wild. We also can band birds and watch them year after year." The Has are continui...
Testosterone dose-repsonse relationships in healthy young men
...cle protein metabolism, some aspects of sexual and cognitive
functions, secondary sex characteristics, erythropoiesis, plasma lipids, and bone metabolism. However, testosterone dose dependency of various hormonal dependent functions has not been well understood in the scientific community. Previous studies r...
Stanford engineer studies neural prosthetics
...hare with humans the ability to perform high-level cognitive
tasks, such as planning. The monkey was trained to reach toward the left or right side of a computer screen, depending on where a target dot had flashed several seconds before. During the delay between the appearance of the dot and the monkey`s reach...
Molecular basis of mental retardation uncovered
...emales worldwide.Symptoms include mild to moderate cognitive
and behavioral deficits as wellas subtle facial malformations. In addition, the brain cells, or neurons,of people with the disease have abnormal physical features: their"dendritic spines" - the finger-like projections on the ends of neuronsthat are r...
Abstinence may make the brain grow stronger
...nd motor learning as well as certain components of cognitive
functioning. The UCSF study suggests that the recovering alcoholic group, despite their older age, can experience a significant reversal of white matter abnormality with prolonged abstinence." Sullivan said that future research needed to focus on ...
Women's risk of Alzheimer's disease and cognitive decline linked to gene sequence
...r gene sequence are at a higher risk of developing cognitive
impairment and Alzheimers disease, according to a ...Alzheimers or of declining performance on tests of cognitive
function over several years, said lead author Kristine Yaffe, MD, chief of geriatric psychiatry at S...
UCLA team maps how genes affect brain structure, intelligence; dramatic images shed light on brain diseases, personality differences
...t about how parents pass on personality traits and cognitive
abilities, and how brain diseases run in families....nts, and strongly correlates with that individuals cognitive
ability, as measured by intelligence test scores. More importantly, these are the first images to un...
Baboons can think abstractly, in the first study to show that a non-human, non-ape animal shares a central aspect of human intelligence
...ility to abstract opens the door to other species' cognitive
potential. Fagot et al. state that additional research of non-human animals is necessary before theorists attempt to limit the capability for abstraction only to certain species. They state, "Analogical thinking and its possible precursors may very...
Protein tied to Alzheimers also plays key role in honeybees
...ransmission in foragers, as in humans, may improve cognitive
performance. Honeybees live in a social world know...hough it is not clear whether foragers have higher cognitive
capacities than nurses, our findings provide a possible explanation if that is the case, Robinson sa...
Studies offer data on potential impact of Reminyl on caregiver 'burden' in Alzheimer's disease
...ide have Alzheimers disease a progressive loss of cognitive
ability (thinking, remembering and reasoning) so s... patients' ability to learn, think and reason (the cognitive
portion of the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale) and the treating physician's overall impression...
Alcohol, women and pregnancy
...nt studies because of similarly complex social and cognitive
abilities and brain development, but they are also less complex than "real life." Among humans, she said, alcohol consumption can be confounded with cigarette smoking, less-than-adequate prenatal care, stress, and other drug use - all of which can h...
Trial drugs for Huntingtons disease inconclusive in slowing disease
... measure functional capacity. In addition, on two cognitive
scales there was a slower decline in the group rec...tary movements called chorea, as well as motor and cognitive
difficulties. It is a progressive disease that leads to death 15-20 years after diagnosis....
Picky plants: Do they 'choose' the best fungal partner?
..."but the consequences are the same as if it were a cognitive
choice, and that's pretty cool." Kummel looked at the distribution pattern of different types of fungi growing on balsam fir seedlings in an area with light conditions ranging from full sun to full shade. He found that a fir seedling living in the...
Scientists find drastic underestimations of malaria morbidity, mortality, and economic burden
...ment, often resulting in impairments in high-order cognitive
function such as planning, decision-making, self-awareness, and social sensitivity. Of all the manifestations of malaria, those impacting cognition and behavior are the subtlest, least defined, and have the most profound implications for children, f...
Addiction, AIDs, and ADHD to be discussed at July 11 briefing
...ocktails" can slow the progression of AIDS-related cognitive
disorders and are helping clinicians gain a better understanding of how they might better intervene in the course of the disease. Chang will also discuss: Drug abuse and brain abnormalities. In these studies, methamphetamine and ecstasy use were f...
Study allays fears about the physical and psychological development of ICSI children
...eveloping well with no significant delays in their cognitive
abilities, socio-emotional development or their motor skills. Amongst the small proportion of children who needed a follow-up evaluation, half had come from multiple pregnancies which carry their own risks, both in terms of medical complications at b...
Stress, infertility linked in study by Magee-Womens Research Institute
... of the study. Seven were treated with sessions of cognitive
behavior therapy and dietary counseling, while seven were not. All were observed for a period of 20 weeks. Of the treated women, six fully recovered normal menstrual cycles, and one partially recovered. Of those not treated, only one fully recovered....
New genetic risk factor for susceptibility to Alzheimer's disease
...tion tests to be certain they had not suffered any cognitive
decline prior to the start of the study, and then blood samples were drawn to identify genetic and biochemical risk factors for AD and related disorders. Eighteen people developed AD after 11.5 years of regular follow-up evaluations. Ongoing assessm...
Alzheimer's genetic susceptibility could bring fear and misunderstanding, religious scholars say
...mers begins with insidious loss of memory or other cognitive
skills and often culminates in complete dependence requiring assistance with hygiene, nutrition, and supervision of all activities of daily living. Of all persons with AD only 1% have an autosomal dominant gene for early onset Alzheimers found on chr...
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