Tag: "computation" at biology news

UCSF scientist Joe Derisi named MaCarthur Fellow

...y draws on the latest in computer chip technology, computation and bioinformatics, the essence of the tool is a simple 3 x 1 inch glass slide -- the kind found in a high school science laboratory. Scientists bond DNA or RNA sequences to the slide, wash fluorescently tagged DNA or RNA sequences of interest over i...

Mapping the evolution of a virus

...e it involved close interaction between experts in computation and virology and medicine. Once we had created the map, we tested its reliability by making hundreds of predictions of how well certain strains might match up and then conducting laboratory tests to check the predictions. It's very gratifying that ...

Oak Ridge National Laboratory to develop DOE leadership-class computing capability for science

...e best system architecture for the expected set of computation problems. It will work closely with Cray and IBM...nd theory have traditionally been used. High-end computation today joins theory and experimentation as the third pillar that supports scientific discovery. What...

ASU advance could provide insight into human's ability to recognize patterns

...as phase-locked loops. "Computers can do very fast computation that humans cannot do, but humans can recognize patterns so much better than computers," Lai said. "The question is why. What is the fundamental mechanism that a biological system like us can make use of and try to memorize patterns." A key to patter...

Models help estimate children's exposure to toxins

... the environment. ''As good as our statistical and computation tools are, we still need a robust dataset,'' Leckie said....

Department of Energy's Office of Science unveils 20-year vision for the future of basic research

...nuclear physics research from quarks to the stars; computation for the frontiers of science; and, building resource foundations for new science. The Office of Science Strategic Plan has been developed so that progress toward these and other scientific programs can be tracked over the next two decades. The plan ...

St. Jude ranked among top 500 supercomputer centers

...ects the protein's function. The supercomputer cut computation time from 200 hours to just 20.Another project that is benefiting from the supercomputer is a study that screens various molecules to determine if they might be effective drugs against certain diseases. "This is an extremely exciting time to be w...

Chimp vs. human DNA: what's in the 1% difference

...ing of the human genome. Statistical modeling and computation was done by Clark and by Rasmus Nielsen, a Cornell assistant professor of biological statistics and computational biology. Some of the analysis, which also compared the mouse genome, used the supercomputer cluster at the Cornell Theory Center. Clar...

Lifestyle accounts for difference in chimp, human genome

...ing of the human genome. Statistical modeling and computation was done by Clark and by Rasmus Nielsen, a Cornell assistant professor of biological statistics and computational biology. Some of the analysis, which also compared the mouse genome, used the supercomputer cluster at the Cornell Theory Center. Clar...

Advance in developing biological strategies to produce hydrogen and sequester carbon dioxide

... will combine research in biology, engineering and computation with the development of novel facilities for high-throughput biology projects. More information on the Genomes to Life program is available at www.doegenomestolife ....

UCLA receives NSF award for plasma research

.... This major award recognizes the significant role computation plays in scientific discovery and technological ad...t UCLA but in its recognition of the importance of computation and the quality of plasma science research at UCLA," said Janette Miller, director of Strategic Rese...

Boost your brain power

...says Dr. Rae. "Increasing the energy available for computation increases the power of the brain and this is reflected directly in improved general ability." A short term boost? Long term supplementation with creatine has yet to be declared truly safe as there have been reported effects on glucose homeostasis (...

NYU scientists develop more accurate mathematical method to analyze genetic data

..." said Mishra. "This is not about data mining, or computation dealing with large amounts of data; it's about developing a better, more intelligent way of looking at things." The current standard method used in the analysis of microarray data, pioneered by Eisen et al., is predicated on an arbitrary formulation...

Math discovery may aid resource management

...ng experiments. With this approach, I can now do a computation in minutes that used to take forever. Id literally write equations by hand on 20 feet of rolled-out butcher paper and hope I didnt make a mistake along the way. The technique is also reliable, Li said. Using only text descriptions, these qualitati...

Energy department awards $9 million for energy-related genomic research

... will combine research in biology, engineering and computation with the development of novel facilities for high-throughput biology projects. More information on the Genomes to Life program is on the Web at www.genomestolife.org...

Carnegie Mellon University research story ideas on DNA

... Since 1997, Durand has focused on new ways to use computation to study thousands of genes simultaneously. Studying genes in this volume reveals patterns and trends not obvious when scientists study a few genes at a time. To do such high volume work, Durand uses WWW "bots," or programs that download information ...

Prions offer nanotech building tool

...d into the body, could open up whole new fields of computation and medicine. Lindquist and her colleagues took a different approach. Rather than building the metal wire itself, they let prions build a very thin fibrous template and then coaxed gold and silver to bond to the protein fibers. By themselves, the f...

First draft of 'periodic table' of protein structures helps visualize nature's universe of proteins

...m the 20,000 known protein structures. Because the computation involved was very intensive, Kim's group chose a subset of these to "map" - the 500 most common motifs that are the building blocks of about 80 percent of all known protein structures. "My guess is that three-quarters of most organisms' proteins have...

Carnegie Mellon University receives NASA award to develop probes to detect life on Mars

...ellular sensors along with research in imaging and computation to understand biological function. The Waggoner team is world renowned for developing widely commercialized cyanine dye fluorescent labeling reagents that have played a significant role in the human genome project and are the main dyes used to analyz...

American Physical Society March Meeting 2003

...(K34.4). This may be the first step toward quantum computation in BECs. Various other researchers will present th...such as quantum electrical engineering and quantum computation will be addressed by Steven Girvin (Yale). Finally, David Gross (UCSB) will assess the possibility o...

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