Tag: "conflict" at biology news
Sandia experiments may reduce possibility of future water wars
...t and thus lessen the possibility of international conflict
is extremely important to the security of the United States and the world." The potential savings in water is particularly important in New Mexico and the American Southwest, Mexico, water-parched regions like the Middle East, certain lands betwee...
Veterinarians discover first known case of canine distemper in a wild tiger
...ing disease transmission, and handling tiger/human conflict
situations. It also includes a vaccination and education campaign focused on the domestic animals populations in Russian communities. "As people and their domestic animals continue to encroach upon tiger habitat, disease becomes an ever increasing th...
Study finds anti-HIV protein evolved millions of years before the emergence of AIDS
...genome-defense system in which both parties to the conflict
have been clearly identified suggests that some f... cells they infect. "We don't always know what the conflict
is, but by looking for proteins that are rapidly evolving in response to selective pressures we can ...
HIV reveals evolution of a primate defense against intragenomic infiltrators
...n it. And it may be that this ancient intragenomic conflict
endowed APOBEC3G with the means to do battle with foreign retroviruses like HIV. Therefore, despite being only recently discovered, editing of RNA and DNA may represent an ancient form of host defense in primate genomes....
Drug prevents chemotherapy-induced hearing loss, study finds
...st in the results of this research. This potential conflict
of interest has been reviewed and managed by the OHSU Conflict of Interest in Research Committee....
Long-term heart damage may result from constant confrontation and defeat
...re of the heart. One animal study has stated that conflict
among the rats did not significantly affect heart structure. On the other hand, another animal study reported that isolation followed by territorial stress (housing in an unstable social environment) induced myocardial fibrosis, coronary collagen de...
Findings suggest need for new view of p53 cancer protein's interaction with DNA
...believes, however, that resolution of the apparent conflict
lies in remembering that the p53 protein in its natural cellular environment assembles itself into tetramers symmetrical molecules made up of four copies of the p53 protein. Halazonetis hypothesizes that both Cep-1 and p53 exist primarily as tetrame...
Open Access journals proven to compete on quality
...t for every article submitted there is an inherent conflict
of interest that could threaten the quality of the peer review system and so on."** The impact and quality of BioMed Central's Open Access journals resoundingly contradict this assertion. BioMed Central journals are all thoroughly peer-reviewed and t...
'Mighty mouse' gene works the same way in people
...he Johns Hopkins University in accordance with its conflict
of interest policies....
The science and law of torture
...s. Robert Goldman is an expert on the law of armed conflict
and isthe co-director of the Center for Human Rights and HumanitarianLaw at American University, Washington, D.C. He is a former vicepresident of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.Goldman will discuss the international legal definition o...
New national research effort needed to secure clean, adequate water supply in coming decades
...rnia, Berkeley. He cited as an example the recent conflict
between Maryland and Virginia over Potomac River water rights that had to be settled by the U.S. Supreme Court. To be sure, semiarid western states are still in need of new water supplies for fast-growing populations, a problem that has been complic...
More news in the battle between the sexes
...biquitous and could erode fitness. Although sexual conflict
is widespread, its evolutionary consequences remai...Their results indicate that foreign males from the conflict
populations are more costly to females than familiar males and that sexual selection can be costly t...
Whales, seals or men? Who stole all the fish?
...ellow Sea west of Korea- all areas where claims of conflict
have been especially heated in the past. Each of these potential problem areas will need to be studied in more detail, she says. For example, Steller sea lions on the Alaska coast may indeed be under pressure from fishing. When sea lion mothers are ...
Parent-offspring conflict in the evolution of vertebrate reproductive mode
...nd placentation have been driven by maternal-fetal conflict
over resources. Such maternal-fetal conflict
arises because a mother and her fetus are related genetically by only one-half, such that fetuses ar...
Other highlights in the May 5 JNCI
...concerns raised by the possibility of this type of conflict
of interest. These conflicts may interfere with a participant's honest reporting of a treatment's toxic effects and, if known by their physician, could negatively affect the patient-physician relationship and the process of informed consent. In addit...
For a male sand goby, playing 'Mr. Mom' is key to female's heart
...e general rule in biology is that parenting duties conflict
with reproductive activity, because males would devote their energy to taking care of offspring instead of courting and mating. "Traditionally evolutionary biologists have thought that parental care is something that is costly to other components o...
Lion attacks on livestock in Africa are significant but manageable
...and author of a new study analyzing the lion-human conflict
on the frontlines of conservation in Africa. As ...nservationists must seek creative ways to mitigate conflict
between lions and humans over increasingly scarce resources, such as land and food, Dr. Patterson sa...
New map predicts where wolves will attack
...unter landowners with little, recent experience of conflict
with wolves. Among farms, the authors found that ... optimistic that these maps will be used to reduce conflict
between wolves and people," said Wildlife Conservation Society scientist Adrian Treves, lead author ...
Passwords to guard entry aren't enough to protect complex data
...ction of privacy, complex security definitions may conflict
with each other or even form security holes, Wiederhold says. "The scope of potential use of data is so large that no approach that relies on any specific data organization will be adequate for all future needs," he says. "But relying only on access...
The Lions of Tsavo: Exploring the Legacy of Africa's Notorious Man-eaters
...oximity with people, our awareness of interspecies conflict
is more than ever a matter of public concern and a priority among international conservation agencies." Two Tsavo lions are famous for having killed and eaten as many as 135 railway workers in 1898-1899, halting the construction of a railroad acros...
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