Tag: "consuming" at biology news

DNA chip will catch beefed up chicken

...ose religions forbid eating pork may have ended up consuming it. The UK's Food Standards Agency says that it is evaluating the potential of the test and comparing it with a more experimental system built by Agilent of California. However, determined food fraudsters may be able to outwit the chip. It has bee...

Carbohydrates offer some help in muscle protein synthesis, but not enough for the desired effect

...number of Americans are avoiding carbohydrates and consuming high levels of protein and fat, in accordance with the Atkins diet. This carbohydrate-free, fat- and protein- rich diet is for those seeking immediate weight loss, which means most of us. But what do others, such as weight lifters and callisthenic ...

Just how much water do we really need? The answer may depend on our age

... shortages by the year 2025 if the world continues consuming water at the same rate. Wars have erupted over water rights; famine and mass starvation have resulted from climate changes that have turned gardens into deserts. Soon we will all be concerned about how much water we really need. There is no questio...

UI researchers discover new activity in cystic fibrosis protein

...tudy. "Thus, the CFTR channel may function without consuming a large amount of energy." The UI study may also have broad implications beyond CFTR. CFTR is a member of the ABC transporter family, the largest group of proteins that move molecules across membranes. These proteins exist in all forms of life and...

One-size-fits-all approach to nutrition recommendations may soon be outdated

...hone according to personal likes, there is more to consuming foods than personal taste. The equation includes multiple factors such as age, gender, lifestyle, metabolic and genetic make-up, activity level and predisposition to disease. "While the customization trend may sound ideal for those seeking the "perf...

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology

...nited States, Vibrio vulnificus, is transmitted by consuming raw or poorly cooked oysters. Infection by V. vulnificus can result in gastroenteritis, septicemia and in many cases death. Due to the extreme number of illnesses reported, the Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference has intervened requesting th...

New device can help defend against novel biological agents

...nt because the basic metabolism of a cell involves consuming oxygen and glucose and producing lactic and carbonic acid. As a result, monitoring variations in these four chemicals allows researchers to quickly assess the impact that exposure to different chemicals have on the activity and health of relatively s...

Genetic master switch sends bacteria toward 'seafood dinner'

...robiologists determined that bacteria were quickly consuming the sinking shells and preserving the ecological balance. Since then, however, several mysteries have remained: How do the bacteria find these undersea meals? How do these microorganisms attach themselves to the chitin? How do they degrade the tough ...

Tools from the Human Genome Project reveal a versatile microbe

..., for example, obtain carbon and produce energy by consuming organic material, while green plants obtain carbon from carbon dioxide and produce energy from light. In contrast, R. palustris has the genetic capability to use all four metabolic modes depending on the conditions of its immediate environment. ...

Ultra-thin coating traps DNA on a leash

...ps. Currently, manufacture of these chips is time consuming and expensive. Glass is the common, inexpensive substrate base for optical detection in DNA microarrays. However, the glass surface is slippery and DNA will not stick in place. Penn State researchers have developed a coating made of molecules wit...

Edible urban plants found to contain lead

...alculated what amount of lead would be ingested by consuming some of the herbs such as cilantro. They found that those levels exceeded what would be excreted in children or women, which means lead would be stored in the body. These findings are very important for children and women of childbearing age. "We a...

Advance in developing biological strategies to produce hydrogen and sequester carbon dioxide

...the emission-control system of a coal-fired plant, consuming its pollution and its carbon dioxide, or employing microbes to radically reduce water pollution or to reduce the toxic effects of radioactive waste." Dr. Venter, Dr. Hamilton Smith, who was awarded the 1978 Nobel Prize in Physiology, and their IBEA ...

Moderate alcohol consumption after meals can decrease levels of insulin

...ited number of studies have assessed the effect of consuming readily available alcoholic products on major processes in the human body." Eating foods high in carbohydrates will normally increase blood-glucose levels for several hours, which in turn, encourages insulin production by the pancreas. Insulin enabl...

With flu season coming, don't forgetexercise?

...ce the benefits of exercise. However, resting mice consuming oat -glucan dissolved in the drinking water for ten days prior to death (Con-OG) had a significantly greater macrophage anti-viral resistance than did resting mice drinking water (Con-H20). NK Cytotoxicity, TNF-a: Six days of moderate exercise was a...

Lycopene's anti-cancer effect linked to other tomato components

...one having unlimited access to food and the second consuming 80 percent of the first's average daily intake. At the conclusion of the feeding portion of the study, histological studies on all of the rats' tissues and blood were done at Ohio State under the direction of Dr. Steven K. Clinton. Clinton earned a ...

Dietary ginger may work against cancer growth

...ce, four among the [6]-gingerol-treated mice. Mice consuming [6]-gingerol lagged in both the number of animals with measurable tumors and the average size of tumors within the group. For example, all the mice in the control group had measurable tumors by the 28th day following injection of the cells. But it wa...

Old drug works new tricks for iron overload heart disease

...ns and cereals now fortified with iron, and people consuming much more meat than in the past, these many sources of iron are causing damage to those who are genetically unable to adequately metabolize and excrete it. Other researchers on this paper are Hui Sun, Maria Trivieri, Fayez Dawood and Mehrdad Yazdanpa...

NYU scientists develop more accurate mathematical method to analyze genetic data

...etics research, these experiments have proven time consuming and expensive due to the fact that they generate "relatively small" data sets, and therefore "noisy" or unreliable results. Mishra's team's new method for data analysis introduces a novel way of statistically manipulating the data to reduce the eff...

Researchers discuss trend in customized nutrition recommendations

...ed how individualizing dietary recommendations and consuming specific foods to match an individual's specific health needs is within the realm of future nutrition practices. The piece also touched on the food industry's role in creating and marketing products to meet the needs of various population segments. S...

Kids' gardens grow interest in science, nutrition

...note. Less than half of the nation's children are consuming the recommended number of servings suggested on the Food Guide Pyramid, and their intakes of discretionary fat and added sugars are much higher than recommended, according to a USDA-Agriculture Research Service study published this year in the Family...

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