Tag: "coral" at biology news
Florida Tech earns $50,000 grant to create coral database
... national database and ultimately an international coral
database. CoralData aims to increase...ts. Van Woesik, a noted expert on coral
bleaching, has established a Web site for the International Society for Reef Studies (ISRS), which i...
Algal contact as a trigger for coral disease
... widespread and alarming declines in reef-building coral
species, the foundation blocks of coral
reef ecosystems. The emergence of these diseases has occurred simultaneously with large increases in...
Hardy buoys: Texas A&M project predicts oil spill movements
...Banks National Marine Sanctuary, the region's only coral
reef, located about 90 miles south of Galveston. They warn of impending pollution, such as oil spills from the many oil drilling platforms in the area. All oil companies operating within 40 miles of the Flower Garden Banks are required by law to pro...
NASA satellites detect 'glow' of plankton in black waters
...ear off Florida and are known to cause fish kills, coral
stress and mortality, and skin and respiratory pro...ches cause water quality degradation and may cause coral
death. The use of remote sensing satellites provides effective means for monitoring and predicting s...
Evidence for sympatric speciation by host shift in the sea
...ral population began inhabiting a novel species of coral
and that this "host shift" could have happened without geographic isolation of the new population. Philip Munday and colleagues at James Cook University, Australia, used genetic analyses to show that a new species of coral-dwelling goby discovered in...
Revealing bizarre deep-sea secrets
...als. Next they will visit a spectacular deepwater coral
reef at a site known as Viosca Knoll. The third site is a community of chemosynthetic clams and worms that rely on methane-eating bacteria for nutrition. The worms are plentiful around the seeps and attract a number of predators such as fish and dee...
Two-month study of life in mid-Atlantic yields trove of species, new insights & questions
...peated observations of a reef-building, cold-water coral
known as Lophelia pertusa. While no major reefs were found, the species was documented for the first time along this section of the mid-Atlantic Ridge; New insights into the significance and ecology of the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone, a mid-Atlanti...
New study to investigate demise of coral reef ecosystems
...most diverse ecosystems. One sixth of the world's coral
reefs died due to bleaching in 1998, and the situa... assess whether or not this holds across two major coral
reef regions of the globe, with clear implications for the future of one of the world's most biodive...
NSF awards $10 million in grants to ocean sites for long-term ecological research
...ynesia site will help scientists better understand coral
reef processes that drive the functions of this ecosystem; the nature of coral
reef animal and plant community structure and diversity; and the factors that determine the abundanc...
Research shows oceans are becoming more acidic
... CO 2 and decreasing pH pose a serious threat to coral
reefs, possibly leading to the elimination of some reefs by the end of this century. Participants at the symposium stressed that although the impact of climate change on the ocean has been much debated, the direct impact of CO 2 itself has largely b...
Scientists find 75 percent of red snapper sold in stores is really some other species
...us campechanus, is found in offshore waters around coral
reefs and rocky outcroppings and is one of the most economically important fisheries in the Gulf of Mexico, with greater total landingsthan any other snapper species," Marko and colleagues wrote. "In 1996, the Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Counci...
Scientists call for better protection for coral reefs
...rder toimprove policies and practices impacting on coral
reef conservationaroundthe world. The ISRS was fo...ction and dissemination of scientific knowledge on coral
reefs,both living and fossil. To help build more effective management policies for the world'sendan...
Corals can reestablish symbiosis with algae from their environments after bleaching
...ic algae, or algal symbionts, remaining within the coral
tissue since early development, or if coral
could acquire entirely new ones from their aquatic environments. Corals survive and thrive b...
Florida frontier expedition
... exploring never before seen sections of deepwater coral
reefs rich with life off Florida's east coast and the Keys. The team, with members from Harbor Branch Oceanographic and Florida Atlantic University, will be using Harbor Branch's Johnson-Sea-Link I submersible and scuba in a search for marine creatur...
Traditional fishing destroys corals - new research
...chniques are destroying some of the world's finest coral
reefs, according to new research which has major i...per kilometre to hundreds of thousands and healthy coral
cover declined by a third. On one island, where scientists tracked the starfish population explosio...
Fishing kills Fijian coral reefs
...he starfish are dramatic, with previously pristine coral
reefs being turned into dull algal mats. Worryingl...previously thought that diverse ecosystems such as coral
reefs would be relatively resilient to the low levels of predator removal - this study suggests this...
Mantis shrimp may have swiftest kick in the animal kingdom
... the world and major invertebrate predators around coral
reefs. Some hide in burrows and dart out to spear fish with their sharp appendages. Others roam the ocean floor in search of other crustaceans - crabs, clams and snails - and smash them open with their club-shaped front appendages. In captivity, thes...
A blueprint for US national ocean policy for the 21st Century
...rly. Current projections indicate 50-60 percent of coral
reefs may be lost during the next 30 years. Twelve billion tons of ballast water is shipped around the world each year, spreading alien and invasive species. When Congress passed the Oceans Act 2000 (P.L. 106-256) it acknowledged both the costs and t...
New book urges ecologists to think 'outside the helmet'
... explain the diversity of tropical rain forests or coral
reefs, where hundreds of species appear to be essentially the same. "Beyond variability and abiotic effects, scale has to beincorporated in this new synthetic niche theory that we propose" Chase said. "We need to look at the world from a ma...
Invasive species: A few bucks and a click away
... and more research into restoring damaged deep-sea coral
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