Tag: "cost" at biology news
Mutate Or Die: New Polymerase Gives Desperate Yeast An Option
...amaged DNA, giving the cell a chance atlife at the cost
of a higher mutation rate for the organism. "Replicating past the damaged site is the leastfavored mechanism of dealing with DNA damage, but from the cell's perspective, it's better to replicate damaged DNA andsurvive than to not replicate and ...
New Grapes From Cornell Debut
.... Patenting a grape carries an expensive up front cost
for the University. "Cornell cannot afford to patent every grape released," said Reisch. Traminette will not be patented. Free non-exclusive licenses for Marquis may be obtained from the Cornell Research Foundation in Ithaca....
Researchers Use Hydrated Lime To Reduce Toxic Selenium Emissions
...chers are also trying to find outhow much it would cost
to retro-fit a plant for this technology. "It's un...But dry sorbent injection technology could be more cost
efficientfor the removal of selenium, and possibly arsenic. Another advantageto the technology is th...
Human-Like Ability, Categorical Perception, Found In Insects
... failing to steer away from bats' ultrasound could cost
the cricket not only its life but its place in the gene pool, explained Ronald R. Hoy, the Cornell professor of neurobiology and behavior whose laboratory conducted the experiments. Researchers led by Hoy reported in 1978 that crickets can detect ba...
Plants Have Future As Environmental Clean-Up Agents
...s the cost. Traditional clean-upmethods could have cost
an estimated $4 million in the first year,and $8 million over 20 years. The total cost
of the bioremediation isexpected to be around $15,000. But the aesthetic qualities of bioremediatio...
Florida Company Using ORNL Technology For Revolutionary Wheelchair
...approval from the Food and DrugAdministration. Its cost
should be competitive with conventional electricwheelchairs, he said. Funding for the research that led to this invention was provided by DOE'sBasic Energy Sciences. ORNL, one of DOE's multiprogram research facilities, is managed by LockheedMartin En...
New Sensor Provides First Instant Test For Toxic E. coli Organism
...t materials such as plastic, paper, or glass. The cost
ofthe sensor is so nominal that it could be part of a bottle cap or containerlid. If you open the product and the sensor has turned from blue to red, thenyou have a contaminated food product." As for the maturity of the technology, a number o...
Robots, Virtual Reality & Other "Smart" Tools Soon Will Help Physicians Heal Patients
...ve patient care and, in many cases, even lower the cost
of treatment." Plans for new surgical simulations, image-guided therapies, robotics and teleinterventions are described in a new 135-page report, edited by Anthony M. DiGioia, Takeo Kanade and Peter Wells. The report summarizes the findings o...
Learning From Birds And Bees: Engineers Study Insects For Ideas On Tiny "Micro Air Vehicles"
...wn away. Designers are aiming at a $1,000 per-unit cost
for theexpendable vehicles. The effort to design MicroFlyers involves many different technicalchallenges, so Blankenship believes only organizations with broadinterdisciplinary expertise will be successful in building them. "We're not really sure w...
A Drug Pump On A Computer Chip
...ng conventional $600 devices that, while reusable, cost
another $50 to sterilize and tune up before each use. About 20 million miniature blood pressure sensors are now being used each year, in addition to other downsized pumps and sensors. But there are still no closed-loop systems on the market tha...
Purdue Study Aims To Boost MRI Capabilities
...Center. In addition, such machines could lower the cost
of MRI scans, because each patient would spend less time in a machine, Bourland says. "In some cases, scans that previously required 15 minutes can now be done in one to one-and-a-half minutes," he says. Though faster scanning techniques may bring im...
Purdue Researchers Prod Plants To Clean Up Pollution
...removing, chemically treating or heating it) would cost
several hundred dollars per ton of soil, according...re disposed of as radioactive waste. The estimated cost
for the project is $2 to $6 per thousand gallons of water. Phytotech researchers also used Indian mu...
New Vaccine Blocks Viral Entry In Cattle, May Have Implications For Human Vaccines
...nt cows and lead to shipping fever. These problems cost
the U.S. livestock industry hundreds of millions of dollars each year in vaccine and veterinary bills, and in lost production. Letchworth is equally excited by the implications his findings have for controlling viral diseases in humans. "I think ou...
Project Shows Native Bacteria Can Destroy Widespread Pollutant In Groundwater
.... On the other side of the ledger, however, is the cost
of the chemicals involved. In the case of TCE decontamination, the highest cost
item in the process is hydrogen peroxide, which breaks down in the water to provide the oxygen that ...
Scientists Use Magnetic Field As Alternative To Space-Based Zero Gravity
...ents in simulated low gravity at a fraction of the cost
of doing thework in a space shuttle. However, the scientists are unsure of the exact impacton plants and animals examined under the MFGL technique. In the study, themagnetic field caused changes in the early development of almost half of thefrog embr...
Purdue-Made Soil Benefits The Environment
...plications. Tishmack says it probably would not be cost
effective to use the soil on farms, noting that it can cost
about $2,000 an acre to spread a 12-inch-thick layer. To make the topsoil, the ingredients are mixed...
Better Peroxidase Improves Disease Diagnosis
...e technology. "It's a cleaner technology, and it's cost
effective." Manufacturers became interested in soybean peroxidase because the supply of horseradish peroxidase was limited and the horseradish enzyme wasn't very stable at high temperatures. Researchers from Enzymol asked Vierling to test soybean per...
First Salmonella Vaccine For Poultry To Be On The Market Soon
...quire refrigeration. "Using needles drives up the cost
of vaccines and also raises the chance of contamin... the vaccine as a spray can eliminate the time and cost
involved with handling every newly hatched chick."...
UW Smogmobile Offers Cleaner, Safer Alternative To Gas Or Electric Cars
...liquid nitrogen, they predict the smogmobile would cost
3.8 cents per mile to drive. This compares favorably with the 6.2-cent-per-mile cost
of operating gas-powered vehicles and electric cars (including the cost
of battery replacement every...
Female Adolescents Need Calcium During 'Window Of Opportunity'
...ly four times as many women as men -- at an annual cost
of $13 billion. As the average age of the U.S. population rises, the problem is expected to get worse. Weaver's study found that adding more calcium to the diet works, up to a point. "The bone mass keeps increasing along with the increasing calcium i...
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