Tag: "craniofacial" at biology news
Review article makes case for a new source of cells in the body
...grant to further explore the role of VENT cells in craniofacial
development and the genes that distinguish VENT ce...lls from elsewhere in the embryo, move them to the craniofacial
area and supplement function?" The contributions of VENT cells challenges long-held notions about w...
Patterning the face
... specificity of interrelated defects seen in human craniofacial
syndromes such as DiGeorge Syndrome....
Fat cells heal skull defects in mice, Stanford research shows
... said Lucile Packard Children's Hospital pediatric craniofacial
surgeon Michael Longaker, MD. "They are not foreign and they don't express foreign genes. To our knowledge, this is the first time these cells have ever been shown to have a therapeutic effect." Longaker, a professor of surgery at Stanford's School o...
Evolution's mirror in a fish's spines
...ent processes, including pituitary development and craniofacial
development," said Kingsley. "So, any changes in the protein itself would affect all of those structures. We think that this finding shows how evolution has been able to make use of exactly the same major developmental regulator that is lethal if eli...
New study shows Neanderthals were not our ancestors
...00 specimens. The scientists measured 15 standard craniofacial
landmarks on each of the skulls and used 3-D analysis to superimpose each one in order to measure their shape differences, irrespective of size. Random samples were chosen from each species and the differences between them were calculated 10,000 ti...
Dr. Robert Langer, distinguished leader in the field of biomedical engineering, to lecture at NIH
...leading supporter of research on oral, dental, and craniofacial
Embryonic facial development subject to insult or repair longer than expected
...e active in the FEZ and other tissues that control craniofacial
development. Hu is currently carrying out experiments with chick embryos to see if she can rescue craniofacial
birth defects by adding back growth factors that are detected in the FEZ region. If the approach cou...
Gene that helps blood vessels form linked to complex birth defect
...as problems with the thymus and parathyroid gland, craniofacial
abnormalities and mental retardation. "We have found one of the downstream target genes," said Dr. Simon J. Conway, developmental biologist at the Medical College of Georgia and a senior author on the Nature Medicine paper along with Dr. Peter Car...
Setting the stage for limb development
...kout mice displayed defects in bone, inner ear and craniofacial
development. But most interestingly, the mice were also born with the claw-like limb deformities characteristic of SHFM. This work is the first demonstration that Dlx genes function in mammalian limb development, and it establishes Dlx5 and Dlx6 as ...
Experimental Biology 2002, Translating the Genome
... and its effect on gut diseases, and mechanisms of craniofacial
bone growth. In other Experimental Biology 2002 events, a new public policy symposium will bring national leaders to discuss science policy implications of bioterrorism from governmental, public health and scientific perspectives. Many of th...
Alcohol, women and pregnancy
...ndrome (FAS), characterized by growth retardation, craniofacial
anomalies, and mental retardation. However, women who drink moderate amounts of alcohol may also place their children at risk of developing less severe deficits (once known as fetal alcohol effects but now called alcohol-related neurodevelopmental d...
Five Seattle scientists selected as Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigators
...hed new light on the genetics of cancer as well as craniofacial
defects. Last month she received a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers, described by the White House as the nation's highest honor for young professionals at the beginning of their research careers. Moens is an assistant memb...
White House honors Hutchinson Center Scientist with Presidential Early Career Award
...t may shed new light on the genetics of cancer and craniofacial
defects When Cecilia Moens, Ph.D., describes her p...hed new light on the genetics of cancer as well as craniofacial
defects. In recognition of her contributions to this new field, President Clinton today announced th...
Gene tracking follows cells from embryo to adult
...ibute not only to formation of the teeth and other craniofacial
structures, but also to parts of the developing ca...t cells in both normal and abnormal development of craniofacial
structures and beyond. Collaborating with Dr. Chai were Drs. Yoshihiro Ito, Pablo Bringas, Jr., Jun ...
Origins of first Americans
ANN ARBOR---Analyzing craniofacial
measurements of old and new skulls from around the...U-M anthropology Prof. C. Loring Brace presented a craniofacial
perspective on the origins of today's American Indians. Using morphometric comparisons of thousands...
UCSF researcher reports on protein therapy to reverse facial birth defects
...s of developing chickens can generate these severe craniofacial
deformities, and that dosing the chicken embryo wi...The goal is to develop a strategy for treatment of craniofacial
defects in utero, or ultimately to prevent these defects in the first place," she said. To develop...
Learning how organs tell left from right
...lude irregularlyshaped eyes, lack of tooth growth, craniofacial
deformities, and, more rarely,problems with growth hormone production. Rosenfeld's team found that Pitx2 knockout mice had defective growthin their teeth and pituitary glands, the source of growth hormone. "Cellproliferation stops. There is a fai...
NIH taps Hopkins craniofacial program as 'center of discovery', awards $7.5million grant
Hopkins team to study genetics of craniofacial
malformation What is the likelihood that a...s researcherswill further theirknowledge of normal craniofacial
development and the pathogenesis ofcraniofacial malformationssuch as oral clefting and craniosynosto...
Schizophrenia possibly linked to early brain development
... affecting thedigits and some combination of minor craniofacial
anomalies involving the eyes,nose and jaw," he said. "They also have a high frequency of early-onsetschizophrenia. And if you look at a child who has retinoid embryopathy and onewho has VCFS, they look similar. The facial signs and limb signs are ide...
Researchers Discover Mechanism Of Cleft Palate Development
...ct wreaks its havoc. Cleft palate,the most common craniofacial
birth defect in humans, occurs when the two sidesof the palate do not properly fuse during fetal development, leaving an openingor cleft in the roof of the mouth. Earlier research had already established that abnormalities in the gene forTransformin...