Tag: "crop" at biology news

Salk scientists identify pathway that determines when plants flower

...nourished, and discovering new methods to increase crop yield is crucial to addressing world hunger," she said....

Alien earthworms changing ecology of Northeast forests

...o farmers that worms can provide a real benefit to crop production. Sustainable agriculture is all about ...s make to the quality of soil." When worms eat the crop litter left from last year's harvest, they release nitrogen a major component of fertilizer -- from...

NASA biotechnology activities enhancing quality of life

...lp of astronaut Peggy Whitson, they grew the first crop of soybeans on the Space Station for their industr...ies were capable of producing a major agricultural crop in space. The second objective was to see whether microgravity would alter the production of phytoch...

American Society of Plant Biologists Annual Meeting 2003

...search leading to high-protein flour and increased crop yields. For more information on Plant Biology 2003, visit the ASPB web page at http://www.aspb.org/meetings/pb-2003/ Press registration can be made by contacting ASPB Public Affairs Director Brian Hyps at 301-251-0560, ext. 114 by phone or at bhyp...

How plants get made in the shade

...es the possibility that researchers could increase crop yields by inserting a gene that encourages crowded crop plants to flourish in shade cast by neighboring plants. The researchers -- HHMI investigator Joanne...

Organelle's discovery challenges theory, could alter approach to disease treatment

...tephen K. Farrand, a professor of microbiology and crop sciences at Illinois. Bacteria and other prokaryotes generally lack an endomembrane system. Thus bacteria are presumed to lack compartments such as organelles not somehow linked to the plasma membrane ringing the organisms. "What we describe is a dis...

Changing global nitrogen cycle impacting human health, says Colorado University-led study

...bal nitrogen cycle, while beneficial in increasing crop growth, appear to pose a growing health risk. Rou...cological feedbacks to excess nitrogen can inhibit crop growth, increase allergenic pollen production and potentially affect the dynamics of several vector-...

UCR's Thomas Miller awarded prestigious medal from Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic

...earch on the pink bollworm has led directly to new crop protection strategies and to new ways of looking a...entitled "Transgenic and paratransgenic insects in crop protection." The award will be presented at the Czech Academy of Sciences Headquarters in Prague on...

First soybeans grown in space similar to Earth-grown crops

... initiative was the first ever to complete a major crop growth cycle in space from planting seeds to grow...is clearly demonstrates soybeans can be grown as a crop in space to provide both food and serve as an atmospheric scrubber for long-term space travel," said...

Gene clustering helps rice plants fight pathogens

...rther evidence that rice can be a model for cereal crop research....

Rutgers research takes aim at world hunger

...oves us closer to our ultimate goal of improving a crop that feeds much of the world," he said. Rutgers participation in this research project, as well as some preceding it, was funded through Reinvest in Rutgers - a comprehensive program that helps build academic and research programs identified in th...

Plants and people share a molecular signaling system, researchers discover

... Its discovery in plants could be used to develop crop varieties with higher yields and greater drought r... signaling pathway may be important in controlling crop yields."G proteins are of paramount importance and their function is well known in mammalian systems...

Popularizing precision agriculture

...al makeup. Many of these soil properties influence crop yield and can cause yield variations within fields...l properties that cause within-field variations in crop yield and that cause variations in the patterns of water and chemical movement. This is a tool that ...

UCLA study finds clues to diabetes puzzle

.... For instance, Arizona's Pima Indians experienced crop failures, widespread starvation, and the likely enrichment of the surviving population with thrifty genes after white settlers blocked access in the late 19th century to a traditional source of irrigation water. With 50 percent of the tribe now diagn...

Dairy farmers protect groundwater, save money

...lications on the test fields without cutting their crop yields. "The dairy project addressed a key environmental challenge faced byCentral California dairy operators without compromising theireconomic viability," said Stu Pettygrove, a UC Cooperative Extensionspecialist in the UC Davis Department of Land,...

Genetically modified crops not necessarily a threat to the environment

...oach to dealing with "transgenes" that escape from crop plants into the wild. Use of transgenic crops is b...nserted into sunflowers has little or no effect on crop sunflowers' wild relatives and is not likely to impact the environment. "We found that a certain tra...

ORNL researchers expect big things from nanostructures

...tial applications for drug delivery, gene therapy, crop engineering and environmental monitoring. Tim McKnight of ORNLs Engineering Science and Technology Division and researchers from several other laboratory divisions and the University of Tennessee are working to advance the science of micro-injection....

Critical early-defense trigger in plants found

...ght be able to boost natural disease resistance in crop plants without resorting to pesticides or the intr...on of the defense arsenal. The end result could be crop plants that can better ward off disease without the use of potentially harmful fungicides and other ...

Researchers get to the root of cassava's cyanide-producing abilities

... cyanogens in protection against insect pests and crop productivity." "However, preliminary studies indicate that linamarin may be important in the transport of nitrogen from cassava leaves to its roots in young plants," he continued. "Plant...

Research suggests a new method to protect groundwater quality

...r quality. Some states even require farmers to use crop production practices to minimize nitrate leaching ...trogen from leaching below the root zone until the crop can use it. Farmers are often reluctant to use nitrification inhibitors since they add to the cost o...

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