Tag: "crop" at biology news

Membrane separation technology produces myriad applications in numerous industries

...rom flue gas and send it to greenhouses to improve crop yields. Research has also yielded other technologies that remove sulfur from gasoline. Gas separation applications and the natural gas, oil, and petrochemical industries are other important markets for membrane separation technologies. Next-generatio...

Potato-related plant species exhaust potato cyst nematode

...t and the planting of the next potato crop. If the crop is ploughed in it also acts as a green manure crop...basis. Potato growers will only be able to use the crop on a large scale once the growing conditions under which this Latin-American plant is most effective...

Virginia Tech inventions, creations can improve lives

...mall Grains Breeding and Genetics Program, lead by crop and soil environmental sciences professor Carl Griffey, are being marketed by Southern States (SS). Griffey calls FFR 566W (PVP 200,000,165) a "work horse" variety. "It has broad disease resistance and exceptionally good milling and baking quality," ...

Groundbreaking research shows sugar to trigger growth

...ct on agriculture, identifying new ways to improve crop yields. In plants, sugars are produced by photosyn...rocesses to manipulate specific targets related to crop yield, said Moore. Moore and his colleagues are working with a model species, Arabidopsis, a mustard...

Seeking comfort from the cold

... temperature is one of the major factors affecting crop yield in temperate climates, with the farming industry loosing billions of dollars each year to freezing temperatures. Much research has focused on ways to improve crops tolerance to cold and/or freezing temperatures, with the aim to both increase pr...

Nick Smith (R-MI) honored by 2 science coalitions in D.C.

...nd has worked to further biotechnology research on crop challenges unique to the developing world. Smith has also worked to improve the nation's ability to combat accidental or deliberate introductions of plant diseases. The BESC/CoFARM breakfast event honoring Chairman Smith also featured a short sessi...

Biotech regulations impede crop domestication

... in agriculture closely resembles the conventional crop breeding that has been done for thousands of years... safety, he said. "For centuries with conventional crop breeding we created plants that never before existed in nature, and no one thought twice about it," ...

Studies of rare blood syndrome yield novel route to cancer

...hat the disorder might respond to Gleevec began to crop up in the medical literature. "There was a report of a single case of an HES patient treated with Gleevec and had what was described as a miraculous response," said Gilliland. "This anecdotal report was substantiated by a group of investigators that ...

Cancer risk clouds gene cures

...fied and returned to the boys, such insertions may crop up in most if not all of the patients. The added gene has now turned up near Lmo2 in a third child in the French trial, von Kalle last week told a gene therapy conference in Banff, Canada. Fortunately, the boy shows no signs of leukaemia, suggesting ...

With toxic crystals, bacterium targets - and takes out nematodes

... harmless to humans and to natural enemies of many crop pests. (For more about Bacillus thuringiensis, visit the Aroian lab's web site at www.btcrystal.org .) Nematodes, relatively simple anatomically and genetically, are found in nearly every environment. Among the more than 100,000 known species are p...

Scientists re-evaluating the meaning of 'desertification,' Duke ecologist says

... of agriculture, ranging from livestock grazing to crop cultivation with irrigation. At the heart of the desertification controversy is the fact that natural vegetation in many areas has been eliminated or severely reduced through various human activities, wrote the authors. Soils are also being eroded at...

[Mis]understanding village abandonments

...olo., these prehispanic settlers developed use and crop strategies to successfully grow corn, supplemented by squash and beans. The relative longevity of settlements was often tied to specific agricultural practices, weather rainfall or irrigation dependent, and the availability of wild plant foods and ga...

Meeting the nitrogen management challenge: Arresting the nitrogen cascade

...the proportion of applied nitrogen taken up by the crop and utilized to produce biomass and grain. The rem...improve the amount of nitrogen that is taken up by crop plants. This effort will require target research and educational programs, Fixen added. Kenneth Cas...

Stanford researcher advocates far-reaching microarray data exchange

...st gene microarray database in 1997. Since then, a crop of such databases has sprung up, including about a dozen commercially run databases and a handful of open-source databases developed at academic institutions. These databases are becoming even more important, Sherlock explained, with the current move...

Plant pathologists unpeel rumors of banana extinction

...ase greatly in the next decade, let alone that the crop will become extinct," said Ploetz. According to Ploetz, Black Sigatoka affects diverse bananas used in subsistence agriculture, as well as the Cavendish cultivars that are used in export production. It is a serious foliar disease, but does not kill p...

Climate affects recent crop yield gains

...and Dr. Gregory Asner analyzed 17 years of data on crop yields, temperature, precipitation, and solar radi...that climate is a surprisingly important factor in crop yield trends," stated Lobell. Most studies on climate changes and crop production have not looked ...

Genetically modified crops in India produced greater yields, reduced pesticide use, new study finds

...opical regions, regularly risk large, pest-related crop losses because they cannot afford to use the pesti...e crops in India. Prior studies in India show that crop damage from bollworm attacks averaged 50 to 60 percent. In the study, the researchers found that av...

Nitrogen may increase Bt levels in corn

...n the amount of nitrogen fertilizer applied to the crop early in the growing season. Further research will be necessary to determine if similar effects to Bt concentrations can be found in more mature corn. These findings could affect the way we manage nitrogen fertilizer applications to Bt hybrid corns"....

Certified professionals to serve as technical service providers under Farm Bill 2002

...on planning in soil and water, nutrient, pest, and crop management. The agreement officially recognizes that a person who has met the standards of one of the four certifying programs of the American Society of Agronomy also meets the NRCS standards for providing conservation assistance. The four certifyin...

Young plant's natural defenses amount to more than just its seed

...eagues hope to genetically enhance this ability in crop plants. In addition, the latest research may lead to improvements in methods for seed storage. In every bag of stored seeds, a certain percentage goes to waste because some seeds prematurely germinate and begin to grow - a costly loss for poor, deve...

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