Tag: "cruciferous" at biology news

Brookhaven, Carnegie Scientists Report First 'Morphing' Of Plant Enzyme Function

...roxylases, taken from different species of related cruciferous plants. Both enzymes perform important tasks. Desaturase converts plantmolecules called fatty acids from straight to bent, by turning single chemicalbonds into double ones. Hydroxylase adds hydroxy groups to the fatty acids'structure. ...

Nutrient in cruciferous vegetables protects against lung cancer in study of 18,244 Chinese; benefit depends on genetic factor

...class of nutrients, isothiocyanates, found only in cruciferous vegetables - broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, water...tes (ITCs) from the body got the most benefit from cruciferous vegetables, presumably because ITCs stayed around longer to confer their protective effect. Among a...

Holiday fruit ranks number one in antioxidants

... you may not want to ignore broccoli. It and other cruciferous veggies contain sulforaphane, a chemical that has been shown in recent studies to be better at fighting certain kinds of cancer than other food chemicals. The cranberry is one of North Americas three native fruits that are commercially harvested. It...

Eat your veggies: Indirect anti-oxidants provide long-term protection

... that eating large quantities of vegetables -- and cruciferous ones play a special role -- is one thing that really works to fight disease," says Talalay. First isolated from broccoli, sulforaphane is especially concentrated in three-day-old broccoli sprouts and belongs to a class of molecules called isothiocya...

New broccoli compound appears promising against breast cancer

...as a cancer-preventive agent in broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables (such as cabbage and Brussels sprouts). Both compounds boost the body's production of phase II enzymes, which can detoxify cancer-causing chemicals and reduce cancer risk. But the natural broccoli compound, sulforaphane, can be toxic in h...

Sauerkraut contains anticancer compound

...owing number of studies demonstrating that similar cruciferous vegetables (including broccoli, cauliflower and Brussels sprouts) contain anticancer compounds. Sauerkraut is a low-calorie, low-fat food that is second only to mustard as this country's favorite hot dog topping. Americans annually consume an estimat...

Chemical in broccoli blocks growth of prostate cancer cells

...iindolylmethane (DIM), which is obtained by eating cruciferous vegetables in the Brassica genus, acts as a powerful anti-androgen that inhibits the proliferation of human prostate cancer cells in culture tests. "As far as we know, this is the first plant-derived chemical discovered that acts as an anti-androgen...

Genetic differences revealed by SNPS play a role in risk, prevention and outcome for cancer

...ght respond better to compounds naturally found in cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and Brussels sprouts. Here, scientists at the North Shore-Long Island Jewish Research Institute in Manhasset, N.Y. are seeking to identify specific gene alterations in breast and cervical cancer pati...

Vegetables that prevent may ultimately cure some cancers

...nsive desk, extolling the scientific evidence that cruciferous vegetables prevent cancer. His team wondered whether the similar compounds could be developed for treatment of cancer. They looked at the mechanism - how the compounds block cancer cell growth - and found that they target PPAR gamma, a protein that...

Natural selection at work in genetic variation to taste

...s. People who can taste PTC are less likely to eat cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, according to Wooding, which could be a problem because these vegetables contain important nutrients. If the ability to discern bitter tastes discourages PTC tasters from eating broccoli, it also may have the advantage of ...

Anti-cancer compound in vegetables found to block late-stage breast-cancer cell growth

...ion enhanced. The compound, in broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables, has been found to be effective in disrupting late stages of cell growth in breast cancer. Keith Singletary and doctoral student Steven Jackson of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign report their finding involving sulforaphane (...

Select research highlights from current AACR journals

...ancer, while higher intake of total vegetables and cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, and supplementation of E, beta-carotene and B-complex vitamins was associated with reduced risk of ovarian cancer according to a study of diets reported by more than 2,500 Canadian women. The research, reported by Pan et ...

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