Tag: "deaths" at biology news

Pacemaker therapy halves heart failure deaths

...lization charges amounted to $14 billion. Half of deaths among these patients are caused by progressive cardiac dysfunction, which pacemakers help correct by stimulating the heart muscle to contract, pumping blood to the body. Heart failure, which affects nearly 5 million people in the United States, is a ...

School of Public Health awarded $30 million to develop and introduce pneumococcal vaccine

...t, the School and its partners hope to prevent the deaths of nearly 2.2 million children between 2006 and 2020. According to the World Health Organization, pneumococcal infections kill more than one million children each year, which is the same number that die from malaria. Most are infants and young childr...

Modified zebrafish may point the way toward T cell leukemia genes, aid in drug development

...stic leukemia (ALL), a disease responsible for 400 deaths - about half of them, children - in the United States each year. The model may also provide a faster, more direct way of testing novel drugs against the disease. "The zebrafish, in many ways, serves as a good model of human cancers," says the study'...

Abnormalities in cellular anchoring protein cause fatal heart syndrome

...ed any adverse effects. This also mirrored the two deaths that occurred in the French patients after exertion, including the sudden death of a 37-year-old after running up a hill. "Sudden death in humans with this mutation usually occurred after physical exertion or extreme emotional stress," Mohler said. ...

Computer model offers noninvasive evaluation for abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture risk

...st, however, are never diagnosed, resulting in the deaths of about 18,000 Americans a year from rupture more than AIDS or brain cancer, and four times as many as cervical cancer. For more information on Dr. Vorp's research, visit http://www.surgery.upmc.edu/vorplab/default.htm ....

Medical devices safe, but could be safer with better regulation

...ntaminated bronchoscope may have had a role in the deaths of three critically ill patients. When the three contaminated bronchoscopes were identified and removed from service, P. aeruginosa levels returned to normal....

Emory Vaccine Research Center study identifies specific gene required for long-term immunity

... abnormalities and chronic infections. Many of the deaths among people with X-linked lymphoproliferative disease result from infection with Epstein-Barr virus. The VRC study suggests that this may be due to the inability of SAP-negative individuals to sustain long-term immunity against Epstein-Barr virus. A...

Presence of certain tumor markers for melanoma could signal best results for vaccine

...of patients." More than 40,000 new cases and 7,000 deaths will occur this year in the U.S. from melanoma, the most serious form of skin cancer. As such, it is the fifth most common cancer in the nation. If diagnosed and treated early, the cure rate for melanoma is high. But if it is not removed at an early ...

Little value seen in CT scans for lung cancer screening

... smokers. Researchers estimated 4,168 lung cancer deaths per 100,000 people who did not get screened, compared to 3,615 lung cancer deaths among those who were screened, yielding a reduction in mortality of 553 deaths or 13 percent. Howev...

UT Southwestern researchers develop new model for understanding obesity, diabetes

...illion Americans are overweight, and about 300,000 deaths annually are attributable to poor diet and inactivity, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Nearly 70 percent of cardiovascular disease cases are related to obesity. The American Diabetes Association repo...

Endangered northern right whales exposed to paralytic shellfish poisoning

...e there is no direct evidence of PSP toxin-related deaths of right whales," said Durbin, "we suggest that during their prolonged summer feeding period in this region, they would be experiencing chronic exposure to PSP toxins." The toxins are potent sodium-channel blockers in muscles and membranes and affec...

OXiGENE announces commencement of Phase I/II clinical trial of Combretastatin A4 Prodrug

.... These cancers accounted for an estimated 192,500 deaths in the United States in 2002. CA4P became the firs.... -- Prostate cancer caused an estimated 30,200 deaths in the U.S., making it the second leading cause of cancer death in men. The disease resulted in appr...

Purdue research hints that birds could spread Ebola virus

...n 1976, Ebola has been responsible for hundreds of deaths in central Africa. Though the source of the virus in nature remains unknown, both humans and monkeys appear susceptible. Death rates of between 50 percent and 90 percent are common during outbreaks. "Ebola is one of the viruses with which the U.S. a...

Death from liver disease major threat to men with hepatitis B and HIV

...the study. The low rate of liver disease-related deaths in those with hepatitis B alone is consistent with the 20 to 30 years typically needed for complications from hepatitis B to develop, explains Thio. However, because HIV and hepatitis B are transmitted in the same way, coinfection is common and up t...

Scientists discover gene 'signature' for tumor's tendency to spread

...e Genetics on its web site on Dec. 9. Most cancer deaths are caused not by the original or primary tumor but by the metastasizing of tumor cells to other organs. Until now, cancer specialists have viewed the development of metastasis as an essentially random and unpredictable event. But that notion is th...

Reconstructing salmon populations

...revious studies and found to relate to the massive deaths following spawning salmon. According to Naiman, "Measuring nitrogen isotopes in tree rings is potentially more accurate, although much harder to determine."...

Researchers question authenticity of new malaria drug

...hich is based on a herbal remedy. With one million deaths from malaria each year, the quest for a successful malaria treatment is urgent. Millenia Hope claims "Malarex could become one of the global leaders in the treatment of malaria." However, there is controversy surrounding studies on Malarex, none of w...

Critical therapeutics is awarded U.S. patents for methods to diagnose and treat inflammatory disease

.... The disease, which is expected to cause 215,000 deaths in the U.S. this year, is the leading cause of death in the non-coronary intensive care unit....

Miniature implantable sensor likely lifesaver for patients

...uring surgery, but also could reduce the number of deaths attributable to those complications. Although not a part of this project, Ericson sees this leading to several other photonics-based microsensors for making measurements in a number of areas. For example, this approach could be useful for measuring ...

Arsenic in Bangladesh drinking wells may be linked to crop irrigation, MIT study finds

...of people sick and may be causing as many as 3,000 deaths each year. That killer--naturally occurring arseni... dry months when monsoon flooding abates. Cholera deaths dropped. But about 10 years into the use of the tube wells, villagers started displaying symptoms co...

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