Tag: "deciphering" at biology news

Team jams bacteria 'talk' to boost bio-product yields

...m-sensing signals turn bacterial genes on and off, deciphering this language will enable us to commandeer it for our own purposes, like controlling protein and metabolic engineering, rewiring cells, you might say, to produce important polymers or try to figure out the coordination of the enzymatic pathways. This...

Scientists with Hawaii ocean mixing experiment

...y of California, San Diego, are closing the gap in deciphering one of the most puzzling aspects of the world's oceans. "Ocean mixing," the complex motions of seawater that span large-scale phenomena down to tiny, centimeter-sized turbulent motion, serves a key role in redistributing heat throughout the oceans. A...

Scripps team part of collaboration that reveals first ecological genomic 'blueprints'

...W Prochlorococcus teams worked closely together in deciphering their genomes.In the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences paper, a team led by Frederick Partensky of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Station Biologique de Roscoff, reports on the genome of a third strain of Prochlorococc...

Changing the face of biology

... components communicate with one another is key to deciphering how cells make decisions vital to life processes," said Greenberg of NIGMS. "We are excited about the opportunity to support these two new centers at Harvard and MIT, whose unique approaches and multi-talented teams will serve as models for future re...

Taking aim at bioterrorism: UH professor gets HHS funding to battle anthrax

...hat exist." He has been working to change that by deciphering bacterial diseases' work at the most minute level, that is, how bacterial and human cells use molecules to conduct intimate conversations with each other. With that knowledge, he can determine the cracks in the armor of a particular agent in this c...

Major boost for European zebrafish research

... academic scientists and the biotech industry, and deciphering of its genome is already underway. In the face of strong transatlantic competition, the European Commission has now decided to boost European zebrafish research by making it a flagship project of its 6th Framework Programme. The Integrated Project, ...

Schering-Plough scientists identify protein essential for cholesterol absorption from intestine

...sts at SPRI have made a significant advance toward deciphering the cholesterol absorption pathway in the intestine, which has eluded scientists for some time," said Cecil B. Pickett, Ph.D., president, SPRI. "This discovery reflects the successful integration of new technologies, including genomics and bioinform...

Capturing cell protein production in action could help fight antibiotic resistance

...-electron microscopy will help scientists to begin deciphering the molecular detail of how many antibiotics interfere with the final steps of protein synthesis - an area not currently targeted in antibiotics research. Professor Marin van Heel of Imperial's Department of Biological Sciences and senior author of t...

Genome of first fungal pathogen unveiled

...f inheritance -- will further simplify the task of deciphering genes and their functions, he added. The genomes of other important fungal pathogens can include as many as 200 million base pairs, more than 20 times that of the Ashbya genome. In comparison, the genetic blueprints contained in each human cell run t...

'Male-targeting' bacterium's genome is deciphered

...biology and evolution of these amazing bacteria by deciphering and analyzing the genome of a model Wolbachia strain, Wolbachia pipientis wMel, which infects the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, itself a model for studies of animal biology. The new study, which appears in the March 2004 issue of PloS Biology, p...

Protein folding on a chip

...tion allows the supercomputer to break the task of deciphering the three-dimensional arrangement of a protein's atoms -- 100,000 in a typical protein -- into smaller chunks of 10 atoms per processor. Working together, the chips effectively cut the computing time needed to solve a protein's structure by a factor ...

A new spin on spirochetes

... the genome of P. gingivalis last year and are now deciphering the genomes of six other oral-cavity bacteria and conducting a "meta-genomic" assay of mouth microbes. Of the estimated 500 microbial species in the human mouth, only about 150 species have been cultured in laboratories. "The genome sequence reveals...

Dana-Farber launches Center for Applied Cancer Science

...ents a new academic construct that, in addition to deciphering cancer's complexity and discovering new therapeutic leads, has an unprecedented opportunity to change the practice of how drugs are discovered and developed," says DePinho....

The American Academy of Microbiology releases report

...lems, such as identifying minority subpopulations, deciphering diverse chromosome structures, and complex genome assembly problems must be tackled to accelerate progress in microbial community genomics. The report also identifies a number of educational needs, including cross-disciplinary training at the graduat...

Annotation marathon validates 21,037 human genes

...ration, which played such an important part in the deciphering of the sequence itself. The consortium is made up of 152 scientists from developed as well as developing nations, including Australia, Brazil, China, France, Germany, Korea, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States....

Botulinum toxin structure offers clues for vaccines/treatments

UPTON, NY -- By deciphering the near atomic-level structure of the catalytic d...se chemical messengers. The Brookhaven team's work deciphering the structure of the part of the type E toxin that does the cleaving has also yielded information on...

Leroy Hood to receive 2004 Biotechnology Heritage Award

...encing of DNA. He also played a pioneering role in deciphering the secrets of antibody diversity. A member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, the Institute of Medicine, and the American Association of Arts and Sciences, Hood's many awards and honors include the Lasker Award ...

UCSD study shows how we perceive world depends on precise division of labor among cells in brain

...ions of the information. "Our work shows that deciphering the enormous amount of information that is conveyed to the brain at any time-point is a matter of division of labor between specialized neurons," explains Scanziani, an assistant professor of biology. "Each neuron literally 'picks' the type informat...

Hopkins to found first center for comprehensive study of epigenetics

... learning more about these effects is essential to deciphering the mysteries of human health and disease. So, we are thrilled that Johns Hopkins has pulled together this world class team of researchers to move this important field forward," says NHGRI Director Francis S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D. The ambitious Hopkin...

NHGRI adds 18 organisms to sequencing pipeline

...ysis has emerged as an extremely powerful tool for deciphering the human genome sequence. Now, with the data generated by our more systematic approach to selecting sequencing targets, researchers can look forward to using that tool with greater precision and efficiency," said Jane Peterson, Ph.D., associate dire...

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