Tag: "decoded" at biology news
Researchers decode human chromosomes 5, 16, and 19
...Genome Institute in Walnut Creek, California, have decoded
in draft form the genetic information on human chromosomes 5, 16 and 19. The chromosomes contain an estimated 10-15,000 genes, including those whose defects may lead to genetically linked diseases such as certain forms of kidney disease, prostate an...
Scientists at TIGR uncover the minimal number of cellular genes needed for life
... complete genetic information of bacteria could be decoded
by sequencing the genomes of two human pathogens, Hemophilus influenzae and Mycoplasma genitalium. This breakthrough allowed researchers to reframe the old question "What is life?" or in genetic terms, "What is a minimal set of cellular genes?" TIGR ...
Molecular biologists prune branches from the animal family tree
...out these questions," says Grenier. She andCarroll decoded
the Hox genes of a priapulid, a little-known marine wormof enigmatic evolutionary heritage, which looks like a small, squishy featherduster. Researchers at the University of Paris studied the Hox genes of abrachiopod, an ancient marine animal tha...
Researcher Discovers Plant Genes For Phosphate Uptake
...ns. They found the genes there, isolated them, and decoded
them. They also noted that the phosphate-starved plants sent out significantly more messages calling for production of phosphate transporter proteins. "Now we are in a better position to understand how phosphorus is taken up by plants, to make change...
Progress In Prion Research: Three-Dimensional Structure Of Prion Protein Fully Uncovered
...in the review FEBS Letters indicate that the newly decoded
part of theprotein structure might play an importa...-called C-terminal domain PrP(121-231). This newly decoded
part ofthe protein structure might play an important role in the conversion of thenormal prion prote...
Duke Researchers Show "Editing" Can Fix Faulty Genes In New Approach To Gene Therapy
...ation that has to be edited out before the mRNA is decoded
into thefinal protein product. Cells have evolved an efficient system that usesRNA enzymes or "ribozymes" to cut junk out of mRNA and paste itback together again. Sullenger reasoned that ribozymes could be adapted as atool to recognize defective mRN...