Tag: "defining" at biology news

NRC takes lead in the development of a national program for multi-million dollar biochip technologies

...e extremely pleased to collaborate with the NRC in defining the parametersof a national program on biochip technologies," said Chris Lumb, President andCEO of the Alberta Microelectronics Corporation. By collaborating closely withorganizations such as the NRC, we will ensure that Canadians are among the fir...

Mutation in PTEN gene can cause cancer and autoimmune disease

...history, the Center has played aleadership role in defining the standard of care for patients with cancer. In1999, Memorial Sloan-Kettering was named the nation's best cancer care centerfor the seventh consecutive year by U.S. News & World Report....

MIT study assesses effects of Kyoto Protocol

...nterms of Global Warming Potential (GWP), an index defining the contribution ofeach greenhouse gas to atmospheric warming relative to CO2. The forthcoming Nature article shows, however, that use of GWPs as applied inthe Kyoto Protocol mitigates climate change considerably more for multi-gasstrategies than fo...

Changing children's diets today could reduce bone problems 70 years from now

...'s Nutrition Center has had anational influence in defining nutritional needs for children with cysticfibrosis and cerebral palsy, and has more recently been studying similar issuesfor children with sickle cell disease. The behavioral modification-nutrition education program at Children's Hospitalis based on ...

The evolution of the sex chromosomes: step by step

...hot of sex chromosomes. "The reconstruction of the defining events of human sex-chromosome evolution isanalogous to the reconstruction of the evolution of species, except that we arelooking at changes of a pair of chromosomes over geologic time rather thanchanges of whole organisms," says Lahn. According to t...

New evidence pushes back age of sex-determining chromosomes

...velopment of one sex over another. Inmammals, that defining event was probably the alteration of an existing gene tocreate the male-promoting SRY gene on the Y chromosome. "That's the evolutionary equivalent of a hijacking," said Page. "That pair ofautosomes, previously with no male or female leanings, is ...

Lizard research bolsters theory that forest edges are hotbeds of speciation

...rnative hypothesis of speciation, with the goal of defining better conservation policy. Collaborating institutions include NASA, the World Resources Institute, Boston University, UCLA and the University of Queensland. "The general belief is that if we preserve rainforests, we're also preserving the processe...

Wistar scientist receives award from National Cancer Institute

...al of the program is to establish new criteria for defining tumor stages by identifying differences in the complex patterns of genes expressed in their cells. Dr. Showe's laboratory is conducting research on CTCL, the most common primary T-cell lymphoma of the skin. Using state-of-the-art robotic systems, sh...

Younger people are at greater risk for alcohol problems

...age of 21." Early-onset alcoholism is one of the defining features of anti-social alcoholism. "Generally these are the people that you would have met in high school," said Stoltenberg, "probably not in college because a lot of these folks don't go to college. They get arrested, they drive while drunk; gen...

Chromosome centers defined and sequenced for model plant

... with the mapping work from Copenhaver and Preuss, defining the boundaries of the centromeres along with their contents....

Well-nourished women maintain ability to ward off disease in old age

...tatus should also be evaluated in conjunction with defining a person's health status and that future studies are needed to examine the interaction of specific nutrients with aging and immune response. The study was supported by grants from the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the National Cattlemen's Beef ...

Science in the news: public choices, science & salmon

...STUARY : A VIDEO INTRODUCTION A five-minute video defining the importance of coastal estuarine habitat to saving salmon. Joseph Cone, Assistant Director for Communications, Oregon Sea Grant. 9:35 A.M. -- ESTUARIES: THE UNADDRESSED LINK IN PACIFIC SALMON RECOVERY The fates of salmon and estuaries ...

Complex mystery of amphibian decline calls for a new kind of science

...ns for how you do science. In a sense, it is about defining the whole conceptual focus of ecology, particularly in that to understand this problem we have to do a better job of integrating humans into ecological and evolutionary theory. This means that ecology, as a hard natural science, will also need to sta...

Genome annotation experts take standardized test

...ting. However, the programs were less accurate in defining the exact boundaries of the genes within the code, and groups that attempted to find elements controlling gene activity (e.g., promoters) made a large number of false predictions. This project showed that the state of the art has some way to go -- bu...

Discovery shows how brain 'fills in blanks' to help us see

...ople used information around the location of these defining lines in making the shape discrimination. "Amazingly however, we found that people used information from exactly the same locations even when the contours in those locations were hidden or missing altogether. In other words, people relied on contours...

Gene found responsible for social amnesia

... formation. This work helps lay the groundwork for defining the neural basis of attachment and identifying potential pharmacological targets in the brain for future therapies....

Merck/AAAS Undergraduate Science Research Program expands to become national

...esearch as an undergraduate can be the single most defining event in a scientist's life, introducing the nascent scientist to the thrill of discovery," according to Bennett Shapiro, MD, Executive Vice President, Worldwide Licensing and External Research at the Merck Research Laboratories. "Since liberal arts...

Study links impulsive violence with brain's inability to regulate emotion

...st the way society looks at impulsive violence, by defining it as a mental health issue. "Emotion regulation is extremely significant for a whole constellation of problems people encounter," he says. The long-term implications of the study will be in the realm of new treatments, Davidson predicts, that will c...

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center to lead international team to accelerate investigation of immune-related genes

...transplantation; stimulate vaccine development by defining candidate vaccine targets in diverse populations; clarify the role of HLA genes in susceptibility and resistance to autoimmune diseases; develop standardized molecular tools to explore the genetic diversity of the HLA gene complex. Knowledge about...

Two distinguished scientists to share leadership of new Life Sciences Institute

... I was an undergraduate," Dixon said. "It was the defining moment of my undergraduate experience and one that I hope we can share with many U-M students." "The U-M is widely renowned as a leader in the integration of research and education and in the promotion of interdisciplinary work," said Nancy E. Ca...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... PLOS Pathogens , children who live in regions of ... immune response to infection with malaria parasites that may ... and illness and partially control the growth of malaria ... develop future interventions that prevent or mitigate the disease ... 200 million cases of malaria occur worldwide, resulting in ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Two recent papers by a University of Colorado ... scientists develop treatments or vaccines for Dengue fever, ... other disease-causing flaviviruses. , Jeffrey S. Kieft, PhD, ... the School of Medicine and an early career ... colleagues recently published articles in the scholarly journals ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... biology team has created a new technology for ... could travel the body and selectively target cancer ... biological devices that monitor and modify human physiology ... However, no existing technology enabled bioengineers to build ... and respond in a customized fashion. , "The ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... estimated that as many as 10 million older Americans ... loneliness and isolation. , However, new research a ... older Americans for six years found that Internet ... depression by more than 30 percent. , "That,s a ... University professor of telecommunication, information studies and media who ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... 17, 2014 By discovering a new mechanism that ... stroke, researchers at UC Irvine and the Salk Institute ... limit or prevent stroke-induced brain damage. , A complex ... of death and primary reason for disability in the ... stroke and lets blood-borne material into the brain, causing ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Study sheds light on how the immune system protects children from malaria 2Health News:CU researchers discover target for treating dengue fever 2Health News:Building 'smart' cell-based therapies 2Health News:Internet use can help ward off depression among elderly 2Health News:Study IDs new cause of brain bleeding immediately after stroke 2
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