Tag: "diagnostic" at biology news

Tumor Suppressor Gene Located In Liver Cancer Cells

...ver tumors could help researchers develop an early diagnostic test for liver cancer as well as new treatments, the researchers said. The disease is often far advanced at detection, and the five-year survival rate in the United States is only 4 percent. A report on this tumor suppressor gene appears in the Dec...

Florida Researchers Discover Gene For Fatal Childhood Disease

...tal disease," Kingsmore said. "Now we can design a diagnostic test. Andhopefully by understanding the gene we can forge better treatments forChediak-Higashi syndrome, and in the long run offer genetic therapy for it." People and mice who have Chediak-Higashi syndrome are much moresusceptible to cancer, ...

Prostate Cancer May Be Predicted 10 Years Before Diagnosis

... men who have elevated PSA levels and have further diagnostic tests, such as prostate biopsies, do not have prostate cancer," says Dr. H. Ballentine Carter, a urologist at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine who worked on the study. Dr. Fozard adds, "This study shows that the ratio of free to total PSA may be usef...

The CIA Would Like To Know What Scientists Are Seeing Over The Rainbow

... the journal Science *. The power of the current diagnostic techniques is limited in examining whole chromosom...somes from several different samples obtained from diagnostic laboratories, and demonstrated the value of the technique in identifying a breast cancer cell with a...

Biosensor Is A Model For Widespread Testing Of Chemicals, Molecules

...he idea of exploiting proteins to use as molecular diagnostic deviceshas been around for a long time, and has been used successfully in a fewinstances, such as measuring blood glucose for the management of diabetes.The secret in creating such devices lies in finding a way to have the protein"signal" that it has...

Merging Physics And Neuroscience: First Evidence Of Self-Organized Criticality In Brain Networks

...s. What we hope will develop from allof this is a diagnostic tool that has not existed before." In addition to epilepsy, such a diagnostic tool could alsoapply to other brain disorders, including Alzheimer's Disease, slowbrain viruses, and...

Better Peroxidase Improves Disease Diagnosis

... licensed the use of soybean peroxidase in medical diagnostic test kits to Enzymol International Inc., Columbus,...e use of soybean peroxidase-based compounds in new diagnostic kits at the annual meeting of the American Association of Clinical Chemistry in Atlanta, July 22-23....

Second Gene Responsible For Tuberous Sclerosis Complex Identified

... also supported the work. "We can now move toward diagnostic testing, aswell as therapies for TSC. At the same time, we are optimistic that anunderstanding of how TSC develops will be important in improving ourunderstanding of autism and seizure disorders not related to TSC." The NINDS, one of the National In...

Lethal Parasite Prime Suspect In Fish Kills At Salton Sea

...ldlife Health Center is the foremost wildlife diagnostic and investigative facility of its type, devoted to identifying causes and possible management responses for episodes of death or debilitation among free-ranging wild creatures throughout the United States and -- on a consulting basis -...

$3 Million From Defense Department Will Fund Next Phase Of UT Southwestern's Gulf War Syndrome Research

...additional funding to cover the cost of developing diagnostic tests and identifying and evaluating potential treatments. The UT Southwestern team has concluded that some veterans are suffering from brain and nerve damage linked to exposure to combinations of toxic chemicals. "There is no cure for nerve damage,"...

Further Proof That An Altered Rb-2/p130 Gene Leads To Lung Cancer

... that the work may have applications to similar diagnostic tests for other cancers, such as breast, ovarian and endometrial. "The work will open up an avenue and provide an indication to researchers and physicians . . . that Rb2 is important to the function of different cell types in the bod...

Disease Takes Its Toll On Waterfowl Populations

...al Wildlife Health Center is the foremost wildlife diagnostic and investigative facility of its type, devoted to identifying causes and possible management responses for episodes of death or debilitation among free-ranging wild creatures throughout the United States and, on a consulting basis, other nations. ...

Cellular Engineers Design Custom Cell Surfaces Able To Adhere To Synthetic Materials

...eering to turn cancercells into bright targets for diagnostic probes and cell-killing toxins. "Our primary goal is to take control of the cell surface," saysBertozzi, who is a member of Berkeley Lab's Biomolecular Materials Program inthe Materials Sciences Division, as well as an assistant professo...

DT104 Advice:How To Slow Salmonella Spread

...resistance to specific anti-microbial drugs is one diagnostic marker(called an antibiogram or resistance profile) that is used to "fingerprint"DT104 among more than 2,000 salmonella types. Veterinarians were just becoming familiar with another relatively new salmonellaserotype, Salmonella Dublin, a form th...

Common Cold Caused By Multiple Viruses

...s detected has been as low as 25 percent. Although diagnostic methods haveimproved greatly since then, no studies into the cause of the common cold have been publishedrecently. The researchers say that individuals who develop colds do not need to have their doctors test forthe cause. The price of diagnosis ($70...

Novel AIDS-Directed Technology: Approach Permits Optimization Of Existing Drug Therapies And Targeted, Patient-Specific Treatment

...r treatmentmodality in an individual patient. This diagnostic technique may finally allowphysicians to establish, based upon objective evidence, the proper time for anindividual AIDS patient to begin taking medication and which medication is bestsuited for this particular individual. (A description of this new...

New Heart-Attack Indicator Dramatically Improves Diagnostic Accuracy Of ER Doctors: TnT/Echocardiogram Combination Could Reduce Needless Admissions

...sity of Pennsylvania Medical Center have shownthat diagnostic accuracy of chest pain can be dramatically increased--up to 90percent, in some instances--by using a clinical approach that combines theresults of an echocardiogram with a simple blood test that measures a patient'stroponin T (TnT) levels. TnT is a p...

Sexually Active Younger Women Are At Higher Risk For Infection With Human Papillomavirus

...ges or cancer. However, until we have more precise diagnostic tests, it is important for youngwomen to have regular Pap smears." Through campus-wide advertisements at a state university in New Brunswick, N.J.,the study team enrolled 608 young women. Their average age was 20 years, and theethnic distribution wa...

Age-Based Screening Is Cost-Effective Method To Control Chlamydial Infection

...screening with any criteria and a highly sensitive diagnostic test should bepart of any chlamydial prevention and control program. NIAID has a major commitment to develop new sexually transmitted disease (STD)diagnostic tests that are rapid, inexpensive, easy-to-use and do not require an invasive sample. If s...

U.S. Scientists Honored For Lifetime Contributions In Hepatitis Research

...itis viruses, and to development of diagnostic tests, treatments and preventive measures for hepatitis. They were key in the development of the hepatitis A vaccine that is in use worldwide and have also developed a hepatitis E vaccine th...

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(Date:4/18/2014)... French . ... medicine. A team led by Ludwik Leibler from the ... Didier Letourneur from the Laboratoire Recherche Vasculaire Translationnelle (INSERM/Universits ... the principle of adhesion by aqueous solutions of nanoparticles ... and tissues. This easy-to-use gluing method has been tested ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... have identified new pain relief targets that could ... BBSRC-funded researchers at King,s College London made the ... in the periphery of the body. , Dr ... identifying mechanisms underlying pain generation and our findings ... side effects." , One potential side effect of ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... 17, 2014) Two recent papers by a ... colleagues may help scientists develop treatments or vaccines ... Japanese encephalitis and other disease-causing flaviviruses. , Jeffrey ... molecular genetics at the School of Medicine and ... Medical Institute, and colleagues recently published articles in ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... who treat patients with a severe and progressive ... agonizing treatment decision. , The drug sirolimus can ... shortness of breath. But some patients eventually may ... fatal complications following transplantation. , "It,s a terrible ... of Loyola University Medical Center,s LAM Clinic and ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... of Medicine (BUSM) have discovered that the anti-seizure ... model. The findings, reported in the American ... lead to more effective treatments for alcoholism. , ... leading causes of illness and death in the ... limiting the productivity of workers and necessitating huge ...
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