Tag: "diets" at biology news
K-State professor develops vaccine to stop liver abscess in cattle
...vely with feedlot cattle, which are fed high-grain diets
to achieve rapid fattening before slaughter. Grain produces acid in the cow's stomach lining, and if damaged, bacteria can flow through the blood stream into the liver, where the bacteria will start to grow. Nagaraja said beef producers will continu...
Dietary patterns predict heart attack risk in middle-aged men
...e authors state that, "The Mediterranean and Asian diets
have attracted considerable interest as alternativ...emely low rates of CHD in Greece and Japan." These diets
include increased consumption of whole grains, legumes, vegetables, fruit (Mediterranean countries)...
Americans still consume one-third of calories from low-nutrient 'tip of the pyramid'
...15,611 participants. Analysis of the participants' diets
showed that EDNP foods supplied 27% of energy inta...e and energy substitutions for EDNP foods in their diets
may be far too complex for the average consumer to implement. He states, "New strategies are needed ...
New obesity treatment program to sustain weight loss, UCSF study finds
An obesity treatment that avoids restrictive diets
and weight loss drugs, but instead focuses on trai...the participants: Lost weight without restrictive diets
or weight loss drugs, averaging 13 pounds in the first 12 weeks of training. Continued to lose weigh...
International students gain fat, weight from American diet
...erican food high in fat, salt and sugar into their diets
since their arrival in the United States. Americ...ral government's dietary guidelines, the students' diets
were high in fat, salt and sodium and low in fiber and calcium, the researchers found. On average, ...
New research shows calcium deficiency permits faster lead release from pregnant women's bones
...nt women who don't consume enough calcium in their diets
or through supplements show greater increases in lead in their bloodstreams than pregnant women with normal calcium levels, according to a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study. That is because 95 percent of the body's lead is contai...
Women must develop healthy lifestyles well before menopause to avoid heart disease in later years
...URGH, Nov. 13 Women must exercise and watch their diets
before menopause to prevent life-threatening coronary calcium deposits from developing after menopause, according to research presented by University of Pittsburgh researcher Lewis H. Kuller, M.D., Dr. P.H., at the 73rd Scientific Sessions of the Ame...
UF researcher: antioxidants play a role in deadly malnutrition disease
...eins and antioxidants to supplement the often poor diets
of malnourished children will require additional research. "This is just the beginning of a big puzzle that needs to be figured out," Leeuwenburgh said. "But this is an important first step, because it is the first evidence of this type of free r...
Household exposure to passive smoke depletes some vitamins in non-smokers
...nd those who live in the same household have worse diets
than nonsmokers, consuming fewer servings of fruits and vegetables which are rich sources of micronutrients. Alberg et al. studied the serum micronutrient levels of subjects, usually spouses, who were living with active smokers. Among these non- and...
University of Texas Southwestern study confirms that substituting regular margarine for butter reduces cholesterol levels
...se heart disease," Denke said. "Children consuming diets
high in saturated fat have higher cholesterol levels and more coronary artery plaque buildup than children on low saturated fat diets. A healthy diet has important long-term benefits." Other researchers on the study included Anh Nguyen, research...
British men favour beer and fast food diet
...socioeconomic status, and behaviour. Less healthy diets
were predominantly found in the North of England and Scotland, and were eaten by people on low incomes and smokers. Younger people favoured fast food. Over a third of British men ate a beer and fast food diet, low in wholegrain cereals and nuts, and...
High animal protein intake may increase risk of bone loss and fractures in elderly women, UCSF study finds
...uraged to eat more vegetables and realize that our diets
play an important role for our bones as we get older," said lead author Deborah Sellmeyer, MD, UCSF assistant professor of medicine and director of the Bone Density Clinic at UCSF Medical Center at Mount Zion. "There are lots of things we can do to i...
Two major U.S. dietary patterns result in different obesity and cardiovascular risk factors
... of lifestyle factors. The characterization of the diets
as either prudent or Western was correlated with the subjects plasma biomarkers associated with either high or low risk of CVD and obesity. Individuals who scored higher on the Western diet pattern had higher plasma levels of biomarkers for higher C...
Reducing sodium leads to substantial drop in blood pressure, finds NHLBI study
..., the best way for people to lower sodium in their diets
is to start out small with a few simple changes. Buy unsalted varieties of foods and condiments, take the salt away from the table, and dont use it in food preparation, she says. A vitally important guiding principle of low-sodium eating, a...
Tax top of the food chain to aid environmental sustainability
...rops, fruits and nuts. People eating plant-based diets
generally consume fewer health-care resources, the author maintains. Pimentel's beef with beef and other mammalian food products at the top of the food chain centers on efficiencies of production and their "true costs," including long-term degradat...
Researchers trace toxins from algal blooms through the marine food web in Monterey Bay
...on to their commercial value, are important in the diets
of humpback whales, seabirds, seals, and sea lions. Yet little is known about how different species are affected by consuming prey tainted with domoic acid, Silver said. The most well-documented cases of domoic acid poisoning in wildlife have involve...
Sprinters' secret weapon
...in humans," Metzger says. Exacerbated by high-fat diets
and not enough exercise, heart failure is a growing medical problem affecting approximately five million Americans, with more than 700,000 new cases reported each year. About 40 percent of the time, heart failure is associated with a condition calle...
Metabolism in women after weight loss varies from that of never overweight women
...e high-sucrose diet. The high-fat and high-sucrose diets
increased triacylglycerol levels 1 hour after lunch and throughout the day, while less effect was seen with the high-starch diet. The authors conclude that sucrose substitution for other carbohydrates in the diet is inadvisable because it caused a gr...
Energy-restricted diets shown to be best for improving lipid profiles
...ids. Overall, plasma lipid profiles differed after diets
based on reductions in fat, energy or both. The au...n a crossover design, the men consumed 4 different diets
for 4 weeks each: 1) a typical Western diet without fat or calorie restriction, 2) a low-fat diet wi...
NHLBI study shows reduced fat intake to lower cholesterol is safe and beneficial for children
...nt of fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol in their diets
without adversely affecting their normal developme...have questioned whether reducing fat in children's diets
might cause problems such as growth retardation, nutritional inadequacy, and adverse psychological e...
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